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Quieting The Hungry Ghost: Mindfulness for Recovery & Relapse Prevention. Richard Fields, Ph.D. Author, Drugs in Perspective, 8 th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2012 Editor, Co-Author, A Year of Living Mindfully: 52 Quotes & Weekly Mindfulness Practices , FACES Conferences Publishing, 2012.

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quieting the hungry ghost mindfulness for recovery relapse prevention

Quieting The Hungry Ghost: Mindfulness for Recovery & Relapse Prevention

Richard Fields, Ph.D.

Author, Drugs in Perspective, 8th Edition, McGraw Hill, 2012

Editor, Co-Author, A Year of Living Mindfully: 52 Quotes & Weekly Mindfulness Practices, FACES Conferences Publishing, 2012

slide7

Grant me the serenity to accept the people I

cannot change,

Courage to change

the one I can,

And the wisdom

to know it’s me.

slide9

“The awareness that emerges through paying attention on purpose, in the present moment, and nonjudgmental to the unfolding of experience, moment by moment.” (Kabat-Zinn, 2003)

slide10

Grasping Letting Go

Kindness

Flexibility

slide11

Delusion Awareness

Clarity

Wisdom

3 c s of addiction
3 C’s of Addiction
  • Compulsion/Obsession
  • Inability to Control
  • Continued use despite “significant” negative Consequences
reasons for using alcohol drugs
Reasons for Using Alcohol/Drugs

4th Drive

“Alter Consciousness”

b o r e d o m
B O R E D O M

Interpersonal

Leisure Time

Life

Existential

slide17

Most researched area:

Tension and stress reduction

Self-Medication Motive – Khantzian, Edward (1985)

slide18

Reasons for Using Alcohol/Drugs

  • Passive activity – it is easy
  • Disease model – genetic model
  • Personality issues, traits, and disorders
  • Mood, depression, anxiety
  • Family systems
slide19

Reasons for Using Alcohol/Drugs

  • At-risk factors – poverty, adolescence, socio-economic, feelings of inadequacy, trauma, violation
  • Social learning
  • Psychological reasons
  • Alcohol/drugs as power, seduction, sexuality, self-harm
  • Existential issues
reasons for using marijuana
Reasons for Using Marijuana
  • Stimulation of thought
  • Relieve boredom
  • Enhance senses & sensations
  • Relieve anxiety & dysphonia
  • Stimulate appreciation, creativity, & artistry
  • Increase enjoyment
  • Completing mundane tasks
slide21

Stimulate interest, different perspective

  • Improving self-confidence & quieting pessimism
  • Enhancing conversations & social interactions
  • Increasing fun, joy, & happiness
  • Quieting anger, frustration
  • Enjoying nature
  • Entertainment
alcohol drug relapse
Alcohol/Drug Relapse
  • Negative Emotional States – Reactivity
  • Abstinence Violation Effects
  • Shame - Disconnection
stages of recovery
Stages of Recovery

Withdrawal (0-15 days)

Honeymoon (15-45 days)

The Wall (45-120 days)

Adjustment (120-180 days)

Resolution Stage (180-360 days)

h a l t s
H A L T S
  • HUNGRY – feed the hunger
  • ANGRY – quiet anger & regain compassion
  • LONELY – “cool” loneliness
  • TIRED – rest, relax, recreate, renew
  • SICK – heal and nurture back to wellness
s o b e r breathing space
S O B E RBreathing Space

S top

O bserve

B reath

E xpand

R espond (instead of Reacting)

(MBPR Exercise)

r a i n
R A I N

R ecognize

A ccept

I nvestigate

N ot identify/personalize

a mindful attitude
A Mindful Attitude
  • Developing Mindful Awareness
  • Developing Mindful Attention
  • Being Present & In the Now
  • Having Compassion for Self & Others
  • Important Mindfulness Practices
  • Being in Difficult Life Situation, Stress & Suffering
  • Discovering Happiness & Joy
  • Interconnectedness & “Loving Kindness”
the big three
The BIG Three

Anger

Impatience

Criticism

angry
ANGRY

“If you get angry easily, it may be because the seed of anger in you has been watered frequently over many years, and unfortunately you have allowed it or even encouraged it to be watered.”

Thich Nhat Hanh, Taming the Tiger Within, (Riverhead Books, 2004)

critical of others
CRITICAL of OTHERS

“Paying attention to another’s faults is just a distraction from paying attention

to what is happening right here and now.”

Healing Zen, Ellen Birx, 2002

slide32

“Your fondest dreams will be transformed into fruitful realities if you just know the secret of growing the patience-tree in your heart.”

Sri Chimnoy, The Wisdom of Sri Chimnoy, Blue Dove Press, (2000)

p a t i e n c e
P a t i e n c e

"It is the feeling of calm practice in the face of life's disruptions."Patience: The Art of Peaceful Living, Allan Loko, 2012

slide34

“I am the cause

of most of my suffering because

of the habits

of my own mind.”

His Holiness The Dalai Lama

slide36

“Love and compassion are necessities, not luxuries, without them humanity cannot survive.”

His Holiness the Dalai Lama

slide37

“Wherever

you are

that

is

the

entry point.”

Kabir, 15th Century Indian Poet

slide38

“The essence of bravery is being without

self-deception.”

Pema Chodron

slide40

“What you resist, persists.”

Attributed to Carl Jung

slide41

“When one door of happiness closes, another opens, but often we look so long at the closed door that we do not see the one that has been opened for us.”

Helen Keller, We Bereaved, 1929

slide42

“If you knew as I did the power of giving, you would not let a single meal pass without sharing something.”

The Buddha

resting in uncertainty
Resting in Uncertainty
  • Awareness of awareness
  • Attention to intention
slide44

The Power of Purpose: Find Meaning, Live Longer, Better

2nd Edition, 2010

Richard J. Leider

“Purpose, when it is clear, is the aim around which we structure our lives.”

“Each transition to a new phase of purpose is accompanied by a crisis of uncertainty, a chaotic period of time in which we are organizing ourselves around a new core question.”

slide45
FLOW

“When consciousness is harmoniously ordered, and you pursue what you are doing for the sheer sake of doing it.”

Mihalyi Csikzentmihalyi

slide46

“May all beings,

omitting none,

feel safe,

and content,

and happy,

and live with ease.”

Metta Sutta