Stereotype s. L earning outcome. Explain the formation of stereotypes and their effect on behavior. To what extent do you use stereotypes?. For each of the following people identify their occupations sexual orientation ethnicity. Occupation: SURFER Sexual Orientation: HETEROSEXUAL
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Sexual Orientation: HETEROSEXUAL
Race: CAUCASION (USA - MIAMI, FL)
Sexual Orientation: Homosexual
Sexual orientation – NG (so take a guess….)
Race: Caucasian (Australian)
Race: African American
Sexual Orientation: heterosexual
Sexual orientation: homosexual
Sexual orientation – Homosexual
Race – Spanish.
Is the process of stereotyping simply a natural cognitive process of social categorization?
Stereotypes may be based on a ‘grain of truth’ , Campbell (1967)- there is some basis in reality ex one experience with a member of a group is generalized to the whole group.
- personal experience with individuals
- ‘gatekeepers’- media, parents etc of a culture
Design: Repeated Measure
Variables: Independent- Color of eyes (blue or brown) Dependent- Feeling “inferior” or “superior”
Participants -3rd grade students -male and female -9 brown eyed children -9 blue eyed children
1st day blue eyes were the superior ones they were given special privileges, and were encouraged to discriminate against the inferior brown eyed children
During recess, a blue-eyed child called a brown-eyed a “brown-eyed” and they fought. A discriminatory act.
Academic performances increased for the blue-eyed, while the brown eyed decreased
On the 2nd day the roles were reversed.
Jane Elliot told them that the statement she said the previous day was untrue.
The blue-eyed children quickly took the oppressing role and vise-versa
Similar effect happened
Academic level was far beyond what would normally be expected for 3rd graders
Far beyond where they had performed just one week prior to the experiment
behaved more maturely towards teacher and amongst their “blue-eyed” group
strong enthusiasm for learning
better posture, grooming and attitude
yet aggressive towards the “inferior”
Suffered serious blows to self-image
barely liked themselves, low self-esteem
displayed self-disparaging attitudes
cried and sulked
many behaved sullen and disrespectful manner
none revealed interest in learning or socializing with their classmates