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NFPA 1600

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  1. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute Higher Education Project Conference Overview & Update on NFPA 1600, 2004 Edition Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  2. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition Recognized by the American National Standards Institute (ANSI) as The National Preparedness Standard for the Private Sector and Recommended, by ANSI, to the 9/11 Commission as the Voluntary Standard to be Used by the Private Sector for Emergency Preparedness Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  3. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition “The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) convened safety, security and business continuity experts from a wide range of industries and associations, as well as from federal, state and local government stakeholders, to consider the need for standards for private sector emergency preparedness and business continuity.” ANSI’s Recommendation to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States Please see www.ansi.org for further information Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  4. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition “ANSI proposes that the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States include in its recommendations to Congress and the President of the United States, the position that the high-level, voluntary American National Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs (NFPA 1600) be accepted as the common framework for national preparedness (hereinafter known as the National Preparedness Standard). This document was developed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) using due process and consensus-based procedures approved by ANSI.” ANSI’s Recommendation to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States Please see www.ansi.org for further information Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  5. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition Recommended to the 9-11 Commission by DHS Secretary Tom Ridge in his Testimony of May 19, 2004 Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  6. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition “We are also building a foundation on which the private sector can take important steps to improve their readiness. The ANSI/NFPA 1600 – a set of voluntary standards developed by the American National Standards Institute and the National Fire Protection Association – empower the private sector to examine their own readiness and take part in the shared responsibility of homeland security… DHS Secretary Ridge’s Testimony before the 9/11 Commission (pg.12). For further information please see: http://www.9-11commission.gov/hearings/hearing11.htm Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  7. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition …These standards encourage mutual respect, cooperation, and open communication – essential elements of our national approach to readiness. Voluntary standards like these – and the process used to develop them – help make us smarter about how to perform our duties better, and give us direction and guidance in the areas we need them most. They are just one tool – but an important one – in our effort to make our country more secure.” DHS Secretary Ridge’s Testimony before the 9/11 Commission (pg.12). For further information please see: http://www.9-11commission.gov/hearings/hearing11.htm Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  8. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition 2000 Edition is Already Used in the Public Sector, as the Base Standard for the Emergency Management Accreditation Program (EMAP) Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  9. NFPA 1600 NFPA Standards-Making Process ANSI Approved Process & Accredited Voluntary consensus standard Peer-based Developed by a balance of diverse interests Meets American National Standards Institute requirements Produces documents ready for adoption by a political jurisdiction or private organization Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  10. Technical Committee Membership ANSI Approved Process & Accredited NFPA 1600 • 30 Members (maximum) • Categorized by interest group:User, Enforcer, Insurance, Special Expert • Balanced—One group can’t exceed 1/3 of total • Includes members from: • USA & Canada • Public Sector (local, county, state/province, & federal) • Private Sector • FEMA, NEMA, IAEM, EMAT, NASTTPO, & DRII Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  11. NFPA 1600 Document Development – Due ProcessANSI Approved Process & Accredited • Committee Research & Discussion • Report on Proposals (ROP) • Report on Comments (ROC) • NFPA Membership Vote • Issued by NFPA Standards Council Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  12. NFPA 1600 What is NFPA 1600? • Is not a “how-to” guide • A program that includes the necessary elements and management necessary for effective emergency management and business continuity/continuity of operations • Does not prescribe a development process • The mandatory requirements are spelled out in only 3 pages! Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  13. NFPA 1600 Document History Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  14. NFPA 1600 Changes in the 2004 EditionChapters Reorganized to Apply NFPA’s Manual of Style • Begins with Chapters 1, 2, & 3 (“Administration”, “Referenced Publications” and “Definitions”) • 2000 edition Chapters 2 & 3 “Program Management” and “Program Elements” are now Chapters 4 & 5 • Annexes (former appendices) significantly expanded to provide examples and added explanatory information Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  15. NFPA 1600 Changes in the 2004 EditionChapters Reorganized to Apply NFPA’s Manual of Style • New Program Element on Mutual Aid (previously under Resource Management) • In Chapter 5, there are now 14 Program Elements, rather than 13 • New Item under the Communications and Warning Program Element that deals with the Issue of Interoperability Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  16. NFPA 1600 Chapter 4 “Program Management” • 4.1 Program Administration • Policy, goals & objectives • Management plan & procedures • Applicable authorities, legislation, regulations, and/or industry codes of practice • 4.2 Program Coordinator • 4.3 Advisory Committee • 4.4 Program Assessment Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  17. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  18. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” • 5.1 Elements determined by hazards and impact • 5.2 Laws & authorities—compliance over time • 5.3 Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment • Identify hazards • Likelihood of occurrence • Assess vulnerability of people, property, environment • Natural and human-caused Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  19. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” • 5.4 Mitigation strategy • 5.5 Resource management • Hazard or event specific • Personnel, equipment, facilities, training, funding, knowledge, time frame • Quantity, response time, capability • GAP analysis • 5.6 Mutual Aid Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  20. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” • 5.7 Planning • Strategic (vision, mission, goals & objectives) • Emergency Operations/Response • Mitigation (interim and long-term) • Continuity of Operations (short-term & long-term) • Recovery Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  21. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” • 5.8 Direction, Control, and Coordination • Capability to direct, control, and coordinate • Incident management system • Roles & responsibilities for each function • Policies and procedures for effective coordination with appropriate authorities • 5.9 Communications and Warning • Alerting officials, ERT, those affected • Develop, test protocols, processes, procedures • Ensure interoperability Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  22. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” • 5.10 Operations & Procedures • SOP’s for credible hazards • Incident stabilization and property conservation • Safety & Health • Situation analysis including damage assessment • Succession of management • 5.11 Logistics and Facilities • Logistical capabilities • Primary and alternate EOC Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  23. NFPA 1600 Chapter 5 “Program Elements” • 5.12 Training • 5.13 Exercises, Evaluations & Corrective Action • 5.14 Crisis Communications and Public Information • Dissemination of information to stakeholders • Pre-disaster and post-disaster • Awareness program • 5.15 Finance and Administration Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  24. NFPA 1600 Application vs. Enforceability • Application • Public (EMAP) & Private Entities • Voluntary Basis Only • Enforceability • Not legally enforceable unless adopted (whole or in part) by a political jurisdiction (Federal, State, or Local) into law, rules or regulations Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  25. NFPA 1600 Future Directions • Next revision cycle – 2007 (3 year cycle) and published April, 2008 • Task Group on Future Alternative Development • ISO TC 223 Technical Advisory Group • Spanish translation (2000 edition); French translation proposed Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  26. NFPA 1600 Application and Use in University Course Work Dean Larson, PhD., with Purdue University’s Calumet Campus, is a long-time member of the NFPA 1600 Technical Committee and, since the spring of 2000, has used the document in several of his classes. If you are interested in using the standard in the classroom, and would like to discuss it with Dr. Larson, he can be contacted at: Dr. Dean R. Larson Purdue University Calumet 1849 Windfield Drive Munster, IN 46321-5184 Phone: 219-922-0470 Fax: 219-922-0470 Email : drlarson@jorsm.com Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA

  27. NFPA 1600 Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition To Download a Free copy of NFPA 1600 (PDF Acrobat Reader file) please go to www.nfpa.org To check on the status of NFPA 1600, as it goes through the latest revision cycle, please go to www.nasttpo.org and follow the link entitled NFPA 1600. Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA