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NFPA 1600. Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition. FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute Higher Education Project Conference Overview & Update on NFPA 1600, 2004 Edition. NFPA 1600.

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Nfpa 1600

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

FEMA’s Emergency Management Institute

Higher Education Project Conference

Overview & Update on

NFPA 1600, 2004 Edition

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16001

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

Recognized by the

American National Standards Institute (ANSI)

as

The National Preparedness Standard

for the Private Sector

and

Recommended, by ANSI, to the 9/11 Commission as the

Voluntary Standard to be Used by the Private Sector for Emergency Preparedness

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16002

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

“The American National Standards Institute (ANSI) convened safety, security and business continuity experts from a wide range of industries and associations, as well as from federal, state and local government stakeholders, to consider the need for standards for private sector emergency preparedness and business continuity.”

ANSI’s Recommendation to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

Please see www.ansi.org for further information

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16003

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

“ANSI proposes that the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States include in its recommendations to Congress and the President of the United States, the position that the high-level, voluntary American National Standard on Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs (NFPA 1600) be accepted as the common framework for national preparedness (hereinafter known as the National Preparedness Standard). This document was developed by the National Fire Protection Association (NFPA) using due process and consensus-based procedures approved by ANSI.”

ANSI’s Recommendation to the National Commission on Terrorist Attacks Upon the United States

Please see www.ansi.org for further information

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16004

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

Recommended to the

9-11 Commission by

DHS Secretary Tom Ridge

in his Testimony of May 19, 2004

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16005

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

“We are also building a foundation on which the private sector can take important steps to improve their readiness. The ANSI/NFPA 1600 – a set of voluntary standards developed by the American National Standards Institute and the National Fire Protection Association – empower the private sector to examine their own readiness and take part in the shared responsibility of homeland security…

DHS Secretary Ridge’s Testimony before the 9/11 Commission (pg.12). For further information please see: http://www.9-11commission.gov/hearings/hearing11.htm

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16006

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

…These standards encourage mutual respect, cooperation, and open communication – essential elements of our national approach to readiness. Voluntary standards like these – and the process used to develop them – help make us smarter about how to perform our duties better, and give us direction and guidance in the areas we need them most. They are just one tool – but an important one – in our effort to make our country more secure.”

DHS Secretary Ridge’s Testimony before the 9/11 Commission (pg.12). For further information please see: http://www.9-11commission.gov/hearings/hearing11.htm

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16007

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

2000 Edition is Already Used in the Public Sector,

as the Base Standard for the

Emergency Management Accreditation Program (EMAP)

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16008

NFPA 1600

NFPA Standards-Making Process

ANSI Approved Process & Accredited

Voluntary consensus standard

Peer-based

Developed by a balance of diverse interests

Meets American National Standards Institute requirements

Produces documents ready for adoption by a political jurisdiction or private organization

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 16009

Technical Committee Membership

ANSI Approved Process & Accredited

NFPA 1600

  • 30 Members (maximum)

  • Categorized by interest group:User, Enforcer, Insurance, Special Expert

  • Balanced—One group can’t exceed 1/3 of total

  • Includes members from:

  • USA & Canada

  • Public Sector (local, county, state/province, & federal)

  • Private Sector

  • FEMA, NEMA, IAEM, EMAT, NASTTPO, & DRII

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160010

NFPA 1600

Document Development – Due ProcessANSI Approved Process & Accredited

  • Committee Research & Discussion

  • Report on Proposals (ROP)

  • Report on Comments (ROC)

  • NFPA Membership Vote

  • Issued by NFPA Standards Council

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160011

NFPA 1600

What is NFPA 1600?

  • Is not a “how-to” guide

  • A program that includes the necessary elements and management necessary for effective emergency management and business continuity/continuity of operations

  • Does not prescribe a development process

  • The mandatory requirements are spelled out in only 3 pages!

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160012

NFPA 1600

Document History

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160013

NFPA 1600

Changes in the 2004 EditionChapters Reorganized to Apply NFPA’s Manual of Style

  • Begins with Chapters 1, 2, & 3 (“Administration”, “Referenced Publications” and “Definitions”)

  • 2000 edition Chapters 2 & 3 “Program Management” and “Program Elements” are now Chapters 4 & 5

  • Annexes (former appendices) significantly expanded to provide examples and added explanatory information

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160014

NFPA 1600

Changes in the 2004 EditionChapters Reorganized to Apply NFPA’s Manual of Style

  • New Program Element on Mutual Aid (previously under Resource Management)

  • In Chapter 5, there are now 14 Program Elements, rather than 13

  • New Item under the Communications and Warning Program Element that deals with the Issue of Interoperability

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160015

NFPA 1600

Chapter 4 “Program Management”

  • 4.1 Program Administration

    • Policy, goals & objectives

    • Management plan & procedures

    • Applicable authorities, legislation, regulations, and/or industry codes of practice

  • 4.2 Program Coordinator

  • 4.3 Advisory Committee

  • 4.4 Program Assessment

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160016

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160017

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

  • 5.1 Elements determined by hazards and impact

  • 5.2 Laws & authorities—compliance over time

  • 5.3 Hazard Identification & Risk Assessment

    • Identify hazards

    • Likelihood of occurrence

    • Assess vulnerability of people, property, environment

    • Natural and human-caused

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160018

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

  • 5.4 Mitigation strategy

  • 5.5 Resource management

    • Hazard or event specific

    • Personnel, equipment, facilities, training, funding, knowledge, time frame

    • Quantity, response time, capability

    • GAP analysis

  • 5.6 Mutual Aid

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160019

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

  • 5.7 Planning

    • Strategic (vision, mission, goals & objectives)

    • Emergency Operations/Response

    • Mitigation (interim and long-term)

    • Continuity of Operations (short-term & long-term)

    • Recovery

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160020

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

  • 5.8 Direction, Control, and Coordination

    • Capability to direct, control, and coordinate

    • Incident management system

    • Roles & responsibilities for each function

    • Policies and procedures for effective coordination with appropriate authorities

  • 5.9 Communications and Warning

    • Alerting officials, ERT, those affected

    • Develop, test protocols, processes, procedures

    • Ensure interoperability

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160021

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

  • 5.10 Operations & Procedures

    • SOP’s for credible hazards

    • Incident stabilization and property conservation

    • Safety & Health

    • Situation analysis including damage assessment

    • Succession of management

  • 5.11 Logistics and Facilities

    • Logistical capabilities

    • Primary and alternate EOC

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160022

NFPA 1600

Chapter 5 “Program Elements”

  • 5.12 Training

  • 5.13 Exercises, Evaluations & Corrective Action

  • 5.14 Crisis Communications and Public Information

    • Dissemination of information to stakeholders

    • Pre-disaster and post-disaster

    • Awareness program

  • 5.15 Finance and Administration

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160023

NFPA 1600

Application vs. Enforceability

  • Application

    • Public (EMAP) & Private Entities

    • Voluntary Basis Only

  • Enforceability

    • Not legally enforceable unless adopted (whole or in part) by a political jurisdiction (Federal, State, or Local) into law, rules or regulations

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160024

NFPA 1600

Future Directions

  • Next revision cycle – 2007 (3 year cycle) and published April, 2008

  • Task Group on Future Alternative Development

  • ISO TC 223 Technical Advisory Group

  • Spanish translation (2000 edition); French translation proposed

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160025

NFPA 1600

Application and Use in University Course Work

Dean Larson, PhD., with Purdue University’s Calumet Campus, is a long-time member of the NFPA 1600 Technical Committee and, since the spring of 2000, has used the document in several of his classes. If you are interested in using the standard in the classroom, and would like to discuss it with Dr. Larson, he can be contacted at:

Dr. Dean R. Larson

Purdue University Calumet

1849 Windfield Drive

Munster, IN 46321-5184

Phone: 219-922-0470

Fax: 219-922-0470

Email : drlarson@jorsm.com

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA


Nfpa 160026

NFPA 1600

Standard for Disaster/Emergency Management and Business Continuity Programs – 2004 Edition

To Download a Free copy of NFPA 1600

(PDF Acrobat Reader file) please go to www.nfpa.org

To check on the status of NFPA 1600, as it goes through the latest revision cycle, please go to www.nasttpo.org and follow the link entitled NFPA 1600.

Lloyd Bokman, Ohio EMA