Mesopotamia. The Earliest Civilization?. Mesopotamia. “Land between the rivers”. Nature’s tenuous bounty. The Tigris (right) and the Euphrates. The Babylonian empire under Nebuchadnezzar II. circa 600 BCE. The Persian empire. 6th century BCE. Sumerian home.
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Mesopotamia The Earliest Civilization?
Mesopotamia Adler, chapter 2
“Land between the rivers” Adler, chapter 2
Nature’s tenuous bounty • The Tigris (right) and the Euphrates Adler, chapter 2
The Babylonian empire under Nebuchadnezzar II circa 600 BCE Adler, chapter 2
The Persian empire 6th century BCE Adler, chapter 2
Sumerian home • The typical residence of a well-to-do businessman • windowless • a central open-air courtyard Adler, chapter 2
Monumental architecture • The ziggurat of Ur Adler, chapter 2
Ur, city of the moon goddess Adler, chapter 2
Even the Assyrians…. Adler, chapter 2
And the Neo-Babylonians • Nebuchchadnezzar’s famous Hanging Gardens of Babylon • one of the seven wonders of the world • supposedly built for his Persian wife Adler, chapter 2
Finally, the Achmenids • Right: the ruins at Persepolis Adler, chapter 2
Religious life • Question: what sort of attitudes might we associate with the figures below? • Right: worshipping the mood goddess Adler, chapter 2
Warfare • Below: the Standard of Ur • Right: Assyrian “frightfulness” Adler, chapter 2
Warfare (cont.) • Right: Jewish war captives • Below: favorite “sport” Adler, chapter 2
Inventions • Writing • from the earliest (below) to the very complex (far right) Adler, chapter 2
Inventions (cont.) • The plow • surely one of history’s most important inventions Adler, chapter 2
Inventions (cont.) • New world peoples did not make this discovery Adler, chapter 2
Governing a troubled land • Below: king Gudea of Lagesh • Right: temple tribute Adler, chapter 2
Hammurabi • The “Lawgiver” • From Adler: • “How does the Hammurabi Code show that property rights were superior to human rights?” Adler, chapter 2
Everyday life Adler, chapter 2