Geog. 4150: Regional Geography: AFRICAN DEVELOPMENT. Readings: Owusu: Ch. 1, pp. 1-17; Ch. 2, pp.26-39; Ch. 3, pp.41-47; Chs . 4, 5, 6, 7 & 8 - ALL. Note the Resilience of Capital Note that the coke bottle is empty – not “The Real Thing”
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Incorporation of Africa into the global capitalist system: Background to “Dropping the Coke Bottle”
► Two Related Basic Concepts: Imperialism & Colonialism
The active promotion of one cultural system over another, such as the implantation of a new:
in which indigenous populations are:
The formal establishment of political & economic control or rule over a people/state by another people/state
of the colonial territory and
on the conquered population.
The practice of taking over the human and natural resources of often distant places – as in Africa – to produce wealth in Europe
a process of invasion, attack, occupation, and annexation of African territories by European powers between 1880 and World War I in 1914.
Aggressive moves by European powers, especially the British, French & Belgian governments to colonize Africa between 1880 & 1914:
“The Scramble for Africa”
the “Scramble for and partitioning of Africa” in the 19th century was also influenced by Popular European ideas like Darwinism:
Samuel Baker (British Explorer & Naturalist):
Beginning of Formalcolonialism in Africa
Some of the decisions made were as follows:
Imposition of artificialboundaries:
Generally invisible lines that mark the extent of a country or state’s territory
Results of the superimposed boundaries:
(e.g., 1960: 17 Univ. grads out of a pop. of 13.5m