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Blended Learning in High Schools and Tertiary Institutions. Iloanusi, Ogechukwu N Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering. University of Nigeria, Nsukka. Definition of Blended Learning.

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blended learning in high schools and tertiary institutions

Blended Learning in High Schools and Tertiary Institutions

Iloanusi, Ogechukwu N

Department of Electronic Engineering, Faculty of Engineering.

University of Nigeria, Nsukka

definition of blended learning
Definition of Blended Learning
  • Blended Learning is a flexible form of learning that combines a proper blend of all the components of e-learning and all forms of face-to-face (f2f) tutoring and interaction.

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

blended learning and e learning
Blended learning and E-learning
  • The material object of blended learning is e-learning.
  • The proper variation and blending of resources made available by technology, including face-to-face interactions, make e-learning a blended learning.
  • The choice of the mix (blend) makes blended learning powerful.
  • Blended-learning is sustained when the blend is fruitful

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

relationship among different forms of learning
Relationship among Different Forms of Learning

Blended learning

E-learning

O-learning

D-learning

CBL

M-learning

F2F-learning

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

E-learning

components of f2f learning
Components of F2f-learning

Face-to-face learning

Student-to-student interaction

Classroom teaching

Teacher-to-student interaction

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

why blended learning
Why Blended Learning?

Education is in a state of flux and research thus far has shown that blended learning would revolutionize the educational system.

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

goals of blended learning
Goals of Blended Learning
  • Enhance learning beyond f2f learning and hence deliver knowledge effectively.
  • Provide a lifelong, self-paced, discovery-based approach to learning.
  • Encourage cross border learning and collaboration among secondary school and graduate students in different parts of the world and reduce the global digital divide.
  • Make learning cost-effective to all.

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

blended learning in nigeria
Blended Learning in Nigeria
  • Blended learning has yet to be implemented in Nigeria, but it is under debate. However, in years to come, Nigeria would move from a phase of absolute f2f-learning to blended learning.
  • Several economic factors however, affect the implementation of Blended learning in secondary schools and higher institutions in Nigeria.

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

some of the economic factors are
Some of the Economic Factors are:
  • Low standard of living
  • Sub-standard education/computer illiteracy
  • Lack of Infrastructure and basic amenities. Student to computer ratio
    • 50:1 (Typical Nigerian University)
    • 80 :1 (Most secondary schools)
  • Unavailability of steady power supply
    • Daily average power supply of 8hrs.

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

primary components of blended learning
Primary components of Blended Learning
  • The primary components of the blend are e-learning and f2f-learning integrated in the proper proportions.
  • The factors determining the blend ratio include:

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

factors determining blend ratio
Factors Determining Blend Ratio
  • Educational level
  • Context/environment
  • Complexity of subject matter and content structure
  • Availability of delivery mechanisms
  • Training of teachers

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

a model for blended learning
A Model for Blended Learning
  • An enhancing blended learning model
    • Improves the delivery mode
    • Builds upon the existing approach
    • Removes obsolete approaches in the traditional mode
  • Starts off along a migration path.
    • Blended learning is introduced with whatever resources are available at hand

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

from the students perspective

Traditional f2f tutoring, coaching, mentoring

Social /cultural interactions, recreational activities

Highly interactive, live video tools

All printed materials, libraries, laboratories

Asynchronous online learning and interactive tools

Student

Digital libraries, video books, optical discs, other removable media

Synchronous online learning and interactive tools

.

Online tutorials, Q & A, study groups

Future technological resources and approaches

Broadcasts, phone calls

From the Students Perspective

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

educational reform model for blended learning

Learning goals or objectives

Migration path

New learning methods

Synchronous

e-learning

Traditional

learning

Asynchronous

e-learning

ICT-based collaboration and interaction

Assessment

Evaluation

Educational Reform Model for Blended Learning

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE

conclusion
Conclusion
  • Blended learning will likely motivate or encourage all students to embrace e-learning.
  • A fruitful blended learning would depend on the proper variation and combination of the different components of blended learning just as a tasty soup would depend on the proper combination of the ingredients in the recipe.
  • It is evident that, if embraced, blended learning would act as a catalyst for positive educational change in years to come.

LINC 2007 CONFERENCE