Author: Jules Verne Genre: Science Fiction Big Question: How do we explore the center of the Earth?
Review Games • Story Sort VocabularyWords: • Arcade Games • Study Stack • Spelling City: Vocabulary • Spelling City: Spelling Words
Big Question: How do we explore the center of the Earth?MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFriday
Vocabulary Words More Words to Know Vocabulary Words • armor • encases • extinct • hideous • plunged • serpent • calculations • ichthyosaurus • plesiosaurus • caverns • chambers • stalactites • stalagmites
Today we will learn about: • Build Concepts • Cause and Effect • Summarize • Build Background • Vocabulary • Fluency: Pauses • Grammar: Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • Spelling: Latin Roots • Adventures Underground
Fluency: Pauses • Listen as I read “Bartlett and the City of Flames.” • As I read, notice how I pause to break the text into meaningful units or when I read long, detailed descriptions. • Be ready to answer questions after I finish.
Fluency: Pauses • What caused Bartlett and his friends to stay underground for months, instead of days or weeks? • The words inventiveness, desperation, and perseverance are referred to as tools for the explorers. Why?
Concept Vocabulary • caverns– large caves • chambers – enclosed spaces • stalactites – mineral formations shaped like icicles hanging from a cave roof • stalagmites – mineral formations shaped like cones coming up from the floor of a cave • (Next Slide)
caverns These photos were taken in the Cathedral Caverns in Grant, Alabama.
ConceptVocabulary (To add information to the graphic organizer, click on end show, type in your new information, and save your changes.)
Build Concept Vocabulary caverns, chambers, stalactites, stalagmites Adventures Underground
Prior KnowledgePredict what you would find if you could see a cross-section of the Earth?
Prior Knowledge • This week’s audio explores the characteristics of science fiction stories. After you listen, we will discuss what you found interesting about science fiction and what surprised you.
Vocabulary Words • armor – any kind of protective covering • encases – covers completely; encloses • extinct – no longer existing • hideous – very ugly; frightful; horrible
Vocabulary Words • plunged – fell or moved suddenly downward or forward • serpent – snake, especially a big snake
More Words to Know • calculations – careful thinking, deliberate plans • ichthyosaurus – a large fishlike reptile, now extinct, that lived in the sea • plesiosaurus – any of several large sea reptiles that lived about 200 million year ago • (Next slide)
Grammar Comparative and Superlative Adjectives
the awdiense loved our performance of julesvernes story • The audience loved our performance of Jules Verne’s story. • i think it is gooder than his other novels and i have read them all • I think it is better than all his other novels, and I have read them all.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • My worst fears have been realized. We are at the center of the most tremendous uproar! • Worst and most tremendous are superlative forms of the adjectives bad and tremendous.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • Worst compares one kind of fears to all other kinds. • Most tremendous compares one uproar to all others the speaker has witnessed.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • Comparative adjectives are used to compare two people, places, things, or groups. • Add –erto most short adjectives to make their comparative forms. • Use more with longer adjectives.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • Superlative adjectives are used to compare three or more people, places, things, or groups. • Add –estto most short adjectives to make their superlative forms. • Use most with longer adjectives.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • Adjectives such as good and bad have irregular comparative and superlative forms: good, better, best; bad, worse, worst.
Comparative and Superlative Adjectives • Never use more or most with –eror –est. • No: more angrier, most remarkablest • Yes: angrier, most remarkable
Comparative & Superlative AdjectivesWrite the comparative and superlative forms of each adjective.
Comparative and Superlative AdjectivesChoose the correct form of each adjective. • That was the (scary) movie I have ever seen. • scariest • One monster had a (big) body than the other one. • bigger
Comparative and Superlative AdjectivesChoose the correct form of each adjective. • However, the (small) monster of the two had (sharp) claws and fangs. • smaller, sharper • What is the (exciting) book you have ever read? • most exciting
Comparative and Superlative AdjectivesChoose the correct form of each adjective. • I think 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea is a (good) book than Journey to the Center of the Earth. • better • Jules Verne was one of our (early) and (good) science fiction writers. • earliest, best
Today we will learn about: • Context Clues • Cause and Effect • Summarize • Author’s Purpose • Vocabulary • Fluency: Choral Reading • Grammar: Comparative & Superlative Adjectives • Spelling: Latin Roots • Science: Sea Monster • Science: Volcanoes • Adventures Underground