Great Britain Made by: Lyamkina Yulia
Some facts • Great Britain is an island lying to the northwest of Continental Europe. It is the ninth largest island in the world, and the largest in Europe. With a population of approximately 58.9 million people, it is the third most populated island on Earth
Location: Western Europe • Archipelago: British Isles • Area: 80,823 sq mi • Highest point: Ben Nevis (1344 m) • Largest cityLondon • Ethnic groups: British, Cornish, English, Scots, Welsh
Country United Kingdom England Scotland Wales
Geographical definition • Great Britain lies to the northwest of Continental Europe, with Ireland to the west, and makes up the larger part of the territory of the United Kingdom. It is surrounded by 1000 smaller islands and islets. It occupies an area of 209,331 km² (80,823 square miles
It is the third most populous island after Java and Honshū. • Great Britain stretches over about ten degrees of latitude on its longer, north – south axis. Geographically, the island is marked by low, rolling countryside in the east and south, while hills and mountains predominate in the western and northern regions.
History • Traces of early humans have been found in Great Britain from some 700,000 years ago and modern humans from about 30,000 years ago. Up until about 9,000 years ago, Great Britain was joined to Ireland. As recently as 8,000 years ago Great Britain was joined to the continent. The southeastern part of Great Britain was still connected by a strip of low marsh to the European mainland in what is now northeastern France
Etymology • The oldest mentions of terms related to the formal name of Britain was made by Aristotle (c. 384–322 BC), in his text [On The Universe], Vol. III. To quote his works, “...in the ocean however, are two islands, and those very large, called Bretannic, Albion and Ierna....” The archipelago has been referred to by a single name for over two thousand years, the term British Isles derives from terms used by classical geographers to describe the island group.
Capital cities - United Kingdom: London • England: London • Scotland: Edinburgh • Wales: Cardiff
Other major settlements • England: Birmingham, Blackpool, Bradford, Brighton, Bristol, Cambridge, Colchester, Coventry, Derby, Doncaster, Exeter, Gloucester, Huddersfield, Hull, Ipswich, Leeds, Leicester, Liverpool, Manchester, Middlesbrough, Newcastle upon Tyne, Northampton, Norwich, Nottingham, Oxford, Plymouth, Preston, Reading, Sheffield, Southampton, Stoke-on-Trent, Sunderland, Swindon, Wolverhampton, York. • Scotland: Aberdeen, Dundee, East Kilbride, Glasgow, Livingston, Paisley, Ayr, Kilmarnock, Stirling, Irvine, Inverness, Kirkcaldy • Wales: Newport, Swansea, Wrexham