Tension and Violence in Kansas and Nebraska Dom/Blake U.S. History 4th
Problem in Nebraska • Native Americans lived there • Whites wanted to expand • Also wanted to use land to farm
Stephen A. Douglas • Democratic senator from Illinois • Chairman of the committee on territories • Introduced bill dealing with the unorganized lands in 1854
Slavery • Because of the Missouri compromise Nebraska and Kansas would be free states • The question of slavery was to be decided by popular sovereignty—allowing the territorial legislatures to decide.
Kansas-Nebraska Act • The Nebraska Territory was to be divided into two units — Kansas and Nebraska The ban on slavery in Northern territories galvanized angry opposition
Effect on the Compromise 1850 • It led to Bleeding Kansas • This exposed the doctrine's shortcomings. • Balanced free states and slave states
Bleeding Kansas • Violent events between anti-slavery states and pro slavery states • Took place in Kansas territory and western parts of Missouri. • Free state or slave state? • http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VYpcyS48xqE
John Brown • Abolitionist • republican • Wanted to abolish slavery • Led the Pottawatomie massacre • Attacked Harpers Ferry
Harpers Ferry • John brown led an attack on Harpers Ferry to free slaves. • This caused disunion between the north and south • Lincoln then disowned Brown as a republican
Primary Source • “John brown was no republican and you have failed to implicate a single republican in his harpers ferry enterprise. If any members of our party is guilty in that matter or you know it, or you do not know it.” –Abraham Lincoln • Bailey, Thomas Andrew. The American Spirit;. Boston: D. C. Heath, 1987. Print.
Sack of Lawrence • Anti-Slavery settlement • May 21, 1856, was attacked by 800 southerners • Led to the Pottawatomie massacre
Pottawatomie Massacre • John Brown was upset about the attack on Lawrence • On may 24, 1856 John Brown led a small attack on several proslavery homes • Ended his attack at Pottawatomie with the killing of William Sherman
Violence in the Senate • May 22, 1856, in between the sacking of Lawrence and the Pottawatomie massacre violence erupted in the senate • Senator Charles summer gave a speech that insulted the proslavery congressmen • Spoke against and insulted senator Andrew Butler • In response Butler’s nephew, congressman Preston Brooks attacked Summer with a cane in the senate
citing • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=1850+comprimise&view=detail&id=315C435B1036D65A9588CE1EAEBB9BFB8BDF10A1&first=1&FORM=IDFRIR&qpvt=1850+comprimise • http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/aia/part4/4p2951.html • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=nebraska&view=detail&id=6EED9CA1E9A4F8E4447D6C624ED28C98A85C2270&first=31&FORM=IDFRIR • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=slavery&view=detail&id=FE66CC15587434A272FBC64F643ABF279102C545&first=1&FORM=IDFRIR • http://www.bing.com/images/search?q=kansas+university&view=detail&id=EC27AE7F37E7819236858B4B8CB81EF8A133A775&first=31&FORM=IDFRIR • http://www.google.com/imgres?imgurl=http://www.alomani.com/knowledge/history/us/images/f_border_ruffians.jpg&imgrefurl=http://www.alomani.com/knowledge/history/us/unit_iii_1.html&usg=__IwqINBU6IrR-D6eBrtKhnI6Trgs=&h=336&w=509&sz=26&hl=en&start=0&zoom=1&tbnid=QILQQI-Z8M7ulM:&tbnh=122&tbnw=163&ei=zxtDTYHRC8nGgAfbsN3BAQ&prev=/images%3Fq%3Dbleeding%2Bkansas%26um%3D1%26hl%3Den%26sa%3DN%26biw%3D1280%26bih%3D575%26tbs%3Disch:10%2C57&um=1&itbs=1&iact=rc&dur=512&oei=zxtDTYHRC8nGgAfbsN3BAQ&esq=1&page=1&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429,r:7,s:0&tx=105&ty=86&biw=1280&bih=575 • http://uploads.neatorama.com/wp-content/uploads/2010/11/Southern_Chivalry-500x327.jpg