UNIT I Ways of Learning Text A Learning, Chinese-style Unit 1 Text A Learning, Chinese-Style Aim: Find out the differences between Chinese and Western attitudes toward learning. Objectives: 1. grasp the main idea and the structure of
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1. grasp the main idea and the structure of
comparison and contrast, as well as ways
to compare and contrast;
3. Master the key language points and grammatical structures in the text.
---What’s Socrates’ influence on Western education?
---What’s the current debate over education ?
4. Discuss the different educational systems in China and America.
A comparison brings out the similarities between two or more things of the same kind.
A contrast brings out the differences between two or more things of the same kind.
First compare/contrast all the points on the one side, then compare/contrast those on the other side.
First discuss the point on both sides, then the second point, then the third…
(do exercise 2 on p.11)
Ways of introducing a theme:
---by posing a question
---by quoting newspaper
---by beginning with an imagined argument
---by using an anecdote or an incident
Attach (line 7): fasten,connect or join (one thing to another )
Attach sth. to sth.
Attach a recent photograph to your application form.
Attach importance/significance etc to sth:
(believe sth is very important)
Attach blame to sb. for sth.
(sb. should be responsible for sth. bad that happens)
be just/exactly so: to be arranged tidily, with everything in the right place.
Everything had to be just so,or Edward would make us do it again.
‘so’ here refers to ‘the key had to be positioned carefully to fit into the narrow key slot.’
(line 15) : not at all
e.g. I tried to convince them, but they weren’t the least interested.
I’m not in the least afraid of you any more.
Language is a social and cultural phenomenon.
assist sb. with/in doing sth
You will be employed to assist in the development of new equipment.
help, assist, give sb. a hand, lend a hand,
Help: the most general word
Assist: formal, means help someone by doing part of the work for them, especially the things that are not very important.
Give sb a hand, lend a hand and help out: informal
What experience do you have that is relevant to this position?
pattern: investigate sth.,
investigate + wh clause
The writer discusses the Chinese attitude toward learning first and then discuss the Western/American attitude toward learning)
with the exception of sb/sth
We all laughed, with the exception of Maggie.
Each plant, without exception, contains some kind of salt.
may well: fairly likely
Your job may well involve traveling.
= It is fairly likely that your job involves traveling.
Something that is desirable is worth having or doing;
Something this is desired is sth you want very much
e.g. a desirable house/job/neighbourhood
The ability to speak a foreign language is highly desirable.
His remarks had the desired effect.
(See Confusable Words on p.16)
In formal English, the subjunctive mood is used occasionally in whether-clause.
---Can you find words like “Chinese” and “Westerner” or “American” or “the West in each paragraph?
---What method of comparison and contrast is used here?(hint: Point-by-Point)
Americans treat their children as separate individuals, so much so that someone who remains dependent on their parents longer than the norm may be thought to be “immature.”
Some parents spoil their children, so much so that they never ask them to do any studying.
Pattern: apply to sb/sth.
Do the same rules apply to part-time workers?
The offer only applies to flights from London and Manchester.
Pattern: apply for sth., apply to do sth.)
She applied for a job with the local newspaper.
Sophia needs to work at/on her typing speed.
John came back ahead of time to continue working on his thesis.
The story evolves into a violent tragedy.
Popular music evolved from folk songs.
Assuming that you get a place at university, how are you going to finance your studies?
Pattern: be superior to
Your computer is far superior to mine.
---by restating the main points previously mentioned;
---by proposing a solution;
---by using a quotation from some book or person;
---by predicting future developments
---by giving a simile
---by making a suggestion (in the form of question)
--Basic structure of the text
--Ways to introduce a theme
--Ways to argue(comparison & contrast)
--Ways to conclude an essay
Words & phrases:
not in the least