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Scope: R101.2 R101.2 Scope. Applies to: the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, removal and demolition of detached

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scope r101 2
Scope: R101.2

R101.2 Scope.

Applies to: the construction, alteration, movement, enlargement, replacement, repair, equipment, use and occupancy, location, removal and demolition of detached

one-and two- family dwellings and multiple single-family dwellings (townhouses) not more than three stories in height with a separate means of egress and their accessory structures.

  • Exception: Existing buildings shall be permitted to comply with the FEBC.
  • Construction practices not covered by the FRC.
format of the frc
Format of the FRC
  • Format is similar to 1998 One- and Two-Family Dwelling Code.
    • Building (Chapters 1 ‑ 10)
    • Energy ( Chapter 11 reference Chapter 13 of the FBC)
    • Mechanical (Chapters 12‑23) Extracted from FBC, Mechanical
    • Fuel Gas (Chapter 24) Extracted from FBC, Fuel Gas
    • Plumbing (Chapters 25 ‑ 32) Extracted from FBC, Plumbing
    • Electrical (Chapters 33) NFPA 70A
    • Swimming Pool (Chapter 41)
    • HVHZ – (Chapter 44)
    • Appendices
chapter 3 building planning
Chapter 3: Building Planning
  • Purpose: Provide guidelines for minimum level of:

- structural integrity

- life safety

- fire safety

- livability for inhabitants of units regulated

by the Code.

section r301 design criteria

R301.1 Design.

  • To safely support all loads, including dead loads, live loads, roof loads, flood loads and wind loads as prescribed by this code.
  • Construct a system that provides a complete load path capable of transferring all loads from their point of origin through the load-resisting elements to the foundation.
section r301 design criteria8
  • Exception: Buildings and structures located within the High Velocity Hurricane Zone shall comply only with Sections R302 to R324, inclusive and the provisions of Chapter R44.
r301 1 1 alternative provisions
R301.1.1: Alternative Provisions
  • Wind design limitation:

The prescriptive provisions of the FRC apply only where the basic wind speed is less than 100 mph. Where the basic wind speed exceeds the limitations of the code, the structures must be designed in according with ASCE 7 or an approved deemed to comply standard such as SSTD 10.

r301 1 3 engineered design
R301.1.3 Engineered design.
  • When a building of otherwise conventional construction contains structural elements exceeding the limits of Section R301 or otherwise, not conforming to this code, these elements shall be designed in accordance with accepted engineering practice.
r301 1 3 engineered design11
R301.1.3 Engineered design.
  • Engineered design in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building is permitted for all buildings and structures, and parts thereof, included in the scope of this code.
r301 2 1 2 internal pressure
R301.2.1.2 Internal pressure.
  • Windows in buildings located in wind-borne debris regions shall have glazed openings protected from wind-borne debris or the building shall be designed as a partially enclosed building in accordance with the Florida Building Code, Building. Glazed opening protection for wind-borne debris shall meet the requirements of the Large Missile Test of ASTM E 1996 and of ASTM E 1886, SSTD 12, ,or TAS 201, 202 and 203 referenced therein.
r301 2 1 2 internal pressure13
R301.2.1.2 Internal pressure.
  • 1) Storage sheds that are not designed for human habitation and that have a floor area of 720 square feet (67 m2) or less are not required to comply with the mandatory wind-borne debris impact standard of this code.
r301 2 1 5 basic wind speed
R301.2.1.5 Basic wind speed.
  • The basic wind speed in miles per hour, for the development of windloads, shall be determined from Figure R301.2(4).
  • . The exact location of wind speed lines shall be established by local ordinance using recognized physical landmarks such as major roads, canals, rivers and lake shores wherever possible.
section r304 minimum room areas
  • R304.1 Minimum area. Every dwelling unit shall have at least one habitable room that shall have not less than 120 square feet (11.2 m2) of gross floor area.
  • R304.2 Other rooms. Other habitable rooms shall have a floor area of not less than 70 square feet (6.5 m2).
  • Exception: Kitchens.
  • R304.3 Minimum dimensions. Habitable rooms shall not be less than 7 feet (2134 mm) in any horizontal dimension.
  • Exception: Kitchens.
section r304 minimum room areas16
  • 4. Bathrooms shall have a minimum ceiling height of 6 feet 8 inches (2036 mm) over the fixture and at the front clearance area for fixtures as shown in Figure R307.2. A shower or tub equipped with a showerhead shall have a minimum ceiling height of 6 feet 8 inches (2036 mm) above a minimum area 30 inches (762 mm) by 30 inches (762 mm) at the showerhead.
r305 ceiling height
R305 Ceiling Height
  • Minimum ceiling height: 7 feet
  • Exception: beams and girders spaced 4 feet on center may project not more than 6 inches.
r308 glazing
R308 Glazing
  • Glazing used in hazardous locations must be identified with permanent labeling.
  • Glazing subject to human impact must be safety glazed.
  • Lists the specific locations where safety glazing is required.
r308 3 human impact loads
R308.3 Human impact loads.
  • Individual glazed areas including glass mirrors in hazardous locations such as those indicated as defined in Section R308.4 shall pass the test requirements of CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1201. Glazing shall comply with the CPSC 16 CFR, Part 1201 criteria for Category I or Category II as indicated in Table R308.3.
r308 4 hazardous locations
R308.4 Hazardous locations.
  • Glazing in doors and enclosures for hot tubs, whirlpools, saunas, steam rooms, bathtubs and showers. Glazing in any part of a building wall enclosing these compartments where the bottom exposed edge of the glazing is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) measured vertically above any standing or walking surface.
r308 4 hazardous locations22
R308.4 Hazardous locations
  • Glazing, in an individual fixed or operable panel adjacent to a door where the nearest vertical edge is within a 24-inch (610 mm) arc of the door in a closed position and whose bottom edge is less than 60 inches (1524 mm) above the floor or walking surface.
310 emergency escape and rescue openings
310 Emergency Escape and Rescue Openings
  • Basements with habitable space


  • Sleeping rooms
  • The emergency escape and rescue opening shall be permitted to open into a screen enclosure, open to the atmosphere, where a screen door is provided leading away from the residence.
310 emergency escape and rescue openings24
310 Emergency Escape and Rescue Openings

R310.1.1 Minimum opening area. All emergency escape and rescue openings shall have a minimum net clear opening of 5.7 square feet.

EXCEPTION: Grade floor openings shall have a minimum net clear opening of 5 square feet

R310.1.2 Minimum opening height. The minimum net clear opening height shall be 24 inches.

R310.1.3 Minimum opening width. The minimum net clear opening width shall be 20 inches.

mean of egress continue
Mean of egress -continue
  • Guards are required at all floor surfaces located more than 30 inches above the floor or grade below where they must be at least 36 inches in height and shall not allow passage of a 4 inch sphere.
  • Guards are also required at the open sides of stairs with a total rise of more than 30 inches. Guards at stairs must be at least 34 inches in height and must not allow passage of 4 ¾ inch diameter sphere.
r312 2 guard opening limitations
R312.2 Guard opening limitations

Required guards on open sides of stairways, raised floor areas, balconies and porches shall have intermediate rails or ornamental closures which do not allow passage of a sphere 4 inches (102mm) or more in diameter.

r312 2 guard opening limitations28
R312.2 Guard opening limitations
  • Exceptions:
  • 1. The triangular openings formed by the riser, tread and bottom rail of a guard at the open side of a stairway are permitted to be of such a size that a sphere 6 inches (152 mm) cannot pass through.
  • 2. Openings for required guards on the sides of stair treads shall not allow a sphere 43/8 inches (107 mm) to pass through.
mean of egress continue32
Mean of egress -continue
  • R311.3 Hallways. The minimum width of a hallway shall be not less than 3 feet (914 mm).
  • R311.4 Doors.
  • R311.4.1 Exit door required. Not less than one exit door conforming to this section shall be provided for each dwelling unit. The required exit door shall provide for direct access from the habitable portions of the dwelling to the exterior without requiring travel through a garage. Access to habitable levels not having an exit in accordance with this section shall be by a ramp in accordance with Section R311.6 or a stairway in accordance with Section R311.5.
  • R311.4.2 Door type and size. The required exit door shall be a side-hinged door not less than 3 feet (914 mm) in width and 6 feet 8 inches (2032 mm) in height. Other doors shall not be required to comply with these minimum dimensions.
smoke alarms r313
Smoke Alarms – R313
  • Smoke alarms must be interconnected, hard-wired, provided with battery back-up in accordance with NFPA 72 and located as follows:

(1) In each sleeping room,

(2) Outside each separate sleeping area in the immediate vicinity of the bedrooms,

(3) On each story of the dwelling, including the basement.

smoke alarms r31334
Smoke Alarms – R313
  • On each additional story of the dwelling, including basements but not including crawl spaces and uninhabitable attics. In dwellings or dwelling units with split levels and without an intervening door between the adjacent levels, a smoke alarm installed on the upper level shall suffice for the adjacent lower level provided that the lower level is less than one full story below the upper level.
r313 2 power source
R313.2 Power source.
  • In new construction, the required smoke alarms shall receive their primary power from the building wiring when such wiring is served from a commercial source, and when primary power is interrupted, shall receive power from a battery. Wiring shall be permanent and without a disconnecting switch other than those required for overcurrent protection.
r313 2 power source37
R313.2 Power source.
  • Smoke alarms shall be permitted to be battery operated when installed in buildings without commercial power or in buildings that undergo alterations, repairs or additions regulated by Section R313.1.1.
r309 garages and carport
R309 Garages and Carport

R309.2 Separation required. The garage shall be separated from the residence and its attic area by not less than 1/2-inch (12.7 mm) gypsum board applied to the garage side. Where the separation is a floor-ceiling assembly, the structure supporting the separation shall also be protected by not less than 1/2-inch (12.7 mm) gypsum board or equivalent.

309 garages and carports cont
309 Garages and Carports (cont.)
  • R309.1 Opening protection. Openings from a private garage directly into a room used for sleeping purposes shall not be permitted. Other openings between the garage and residence shall be equipped with solid wood doors not less than 13/8 inches (35 mm) in thickness, solid or honeycomb core steel doors not less than 13/8 inches (35 mm) thick, or 20-minute fire-rated doors.
section r322 accessibility
  • R322.1.1
  • (1)All new single family houses, duplexes, triplexes, condominiums, and townhouses shall provide at least one bathroom, located with maximum possible privacy, where bathrooms are provided on habitable grade levels, with a door that has a 29-inch clear opening. However, if only a toilet room is provided at grade level, such toilet rooms shall have a clear opening of not less than 29 inches.
  • (2)Buildings, structures, or facilities being converted from residential to nonresidential or mixed use shall comply with the requirements of §11-4.1.6.
chapter 6 continue
Chapter 6 continue
  • Window and door requirements are similar to those of the FBC, Building.
chapter seven wall covering
Chapter Seven: Wall Covering
  • This chapter contains requirements for the design and construction of the interior and exterior wall covering for all buildings.

Interior covering –R702: This section contains requirements for interior plaster, gypsum board, ceramic tile and general interior finish requirements.

chapter 10 11
Chapter 10, 11
  • Chapter 10: Chimneys and Fireplaces
  • Chapter 11: Energy Efficiency. Reference Chapter 13 of the FBC, Building (the State Energy Code.
other chapters
Other chapters
  • Chapters 12-23 covers mechanical system.
  • Chapter 24 covers fuel gas
  • Chapters 25-32 plumbing
  • Chapter 33 Electrical: NFPA 70A –2002 for One and Two Family Dwellings.
other chapters continue
Other chapters - continue
  • Chapter 41: Swimming Pool: Same as the swimming requirements for private swimming pool of Section 424.2 of the 2001 FBC.
  • Add new Chapter 44: HVHZ – provides for similar requirements to the HVHZ in the 2001 FBC.