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T K Sreedevi and Suhas P Wani International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Patancheru P.O PowerPoint Presentation
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T K Sreedevi and Suhas P Wani International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Patancheru P.O - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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T K Sreedevi and Suhas P Wani International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT) Patancheru P.O. 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India. Background. Watersheds are recognized as growth engines for Agricultural Development and achieving food security

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slide1

T K Sreedevi and Suhas P Wani

International Crops Research Institute for the Semi-Arid Tropics (ICRISAT)

Patancheru P.O. 502 324, Andhra Pradesh, India

slide2

Background

  • Watersheds are recognized as growth engines for Agricultural Development and achieving food security
  • Participatory Watershed management is a multidisciplinary, multi institutional approach for NRM and providing food security through diversification of livelihood options and increased productivity.
  • Women are key to address household food security.
  • Women play a major role in Agriculture and livestock development
  • Health and Education of women has an immediate and lasting effect on the well being of the family
  • Since 70% of the poor are women, they along with other resource poor are central targets for watershed development.
slide3

…in the context of MDG

  • Contribution of improved water resources management to achievement of millennium goal by 2015.
    • Investments in water infrastructure as a Catalyst for regional development
    • Community-based organizations for water management improve social capital of women
    • Reduced time, health, and care-giving burdens from improved water services give women more time for productive endeavors
    • Water source closer to home put women at less risk for sexual harassment and assault.
lessons learnt
….lessons learnt
  • Evaluation of a no.of watershed programs have indicated the importance of:
    • People’s participation in development process
    • Role of institutions for enhanced participation
    • Extent of people’s participation which determined the success
    • A combination of participation and sound technical input
    • Need for supporting policy
    • Watersheds as vehicles that reversed environmental degradation and permitted quantum shift in sustainable agricultural productivity
  • In the process women paid the price of development in most cases ( Nutrition, Security, Basic amenities, workload)
eight arms of holistic development
Eight Arms of Holistic Development

Increase in

Productivity

Coverage

Families

Micro

enterprises

Gender

Parity

Decreased

Migration

Growth of

Livestock/

Hort/Fodder

Reduction of

people BPL

GW

Recharge

slide6

..benefits from watershed development

  • Watershed development yielded good results in:
    • Productivity increase
    • Growth of Agriculture allied sectors, Micro-enterprises
    • Conserving groundwater
    • Reduced migration
    • Reduced no.of people below poverty line
the gaps
… the gaps
  • But..
    • Reaching the poorest of poor families
    • Gender equality..

.. remained away from the desired end

  • And
    • According to UN Statistics
      • Women do 2/3 of the work in the world
      • Women earn 1/10 of world income
      • Women represent 2/3 of the illiterate population of the world
      • Women own less than 1/1000 of the world’s property (Williams et. al. 1997)
slide8

addressing Equity and Gender

concerns

  • Livelihood approach
  • Investment in small water harvesting structures
  • CPR Management
  • Space for landless and women in the Programme
  • Promotion of micro enterprise
  • Promotion of non-traditional roles for women
case study for understanding where we are
Case study for understanding where we are..
  • 3 villages selected
    • Powerguda – Managed by SHGs
    • Kothapally – Managed by CBOs
    • Janampet – Managed by Federation of SHGs (Mahila samakhya)
objectives of the study
Objectives of the Study
  • To understand the constraints for promoting equity and empowerment for women in IWMP
  • To identify critical areas for capacity building
  • To identify institutional and policy needs for mainstreaming gender perspective in IWMP
on the ladder of participation
On the ladder of participation

Supporting

Collective action

Substantial

Co-learning

Participation

Acting together

Collaborating

Degree of control

Deciding together

Consulted

Consu ltation

Co-operating

Information

Co-opted

Adarsha Mahila Samakhya

Powerguda

Kothapally

findings
Findings
  • It is evident that the higher on the ladder of participation the stronger are the institutions
  • Constraints surmountable through mutual co-operation
  • Supportive policy for institution building is a driver
  • The benefits of development that usher through integrated watershed development could maximize if the energies of all the contributing stakeholder are harnessed esp. women.
  • Capacity building of women in income generation activities, financial management, social dynamics of groups yielded substantial results.
findings19
Findings
  • Critical areas identified for capacity building
    • Technical know-how
    • Functional literacy
    • Enhanced awareness of their rights
  • For the inclusion of gender perspective in IWMP it is necessary to use the existing institutions, small groups (Women), and federation of these groups as levers of holistic development