Ancient and Medieval History Maps A resource tool for FCPS teachers
Remains of Prehistoric Peoples This map shows the locations where scientists have found the earliest fossils and other remains of prehistoric people. Scientists have found remains in Africa, Asia, and Europe. Most scientists believe that our closest prehuman ancestors originated in Africa, and prehistoric people later spread to other parts of the world.
Seven Wonders Ancient World This map shows the locations of the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World. The Pyramids of Giza are in northern Egypt. The Hanging Gardens of Babylon were near what is now Baghdad, Iraq. The Temple of Artemis was built in the Greek city of Ephesus, on the west coast of what is now Turkey. The statue of Zeus was at Olympia, Greece. The Mausoleum at Halicarnassus was built in what is now southwestern Turkey. The Colossus stood near the harbor of Rhodes, an island in the Aegean Sea. The Lighthouse of Alexandria stood on the island of Pharos in the harbor of Alexandria, Egypt.
Eturia This map shows the location of Etruria, the home of the Etruscans. Etruria extended from the Arno River in the north to the Tiber River in the south, and from the Apennine Mountains in the east to the Tyrrhenian Sea in the west.
Division of the Roman Empire 100 C.E. At its peak, in the A.D. 100's, the Roman Empire covered about half of Europe, much of the Middle East, and the north coast of Africa. But the Roman Empire grew weaker during the A.D. 300's. In 395, it was split into the West Roman Empire and the East Roman Empire. Each empire was subdivided into two parts called prefectures. The West Roman Empire consisted of the prefecture of Gaul and the prefecture of Italy and Africa. The prefecture of Illyricum and the prefecture of the East made up the East Roman Empire. The West Roman Empire fell to Germanic tribes in 476. The East Roman survived as the Byzantine Empire until 1453.
Anglo-Saxons The seafaring Jutes, Angles, and Saxons who invaded Britain in the mid-400's became known as Anglo-Saxons. This map shows the origin of each group in mainland Europe. The Jutes were from what is now Denmark and northern Germany. The Angles were from Angeln, a district in what is now the northern German state of Schleswig-Holstein. The Saxons were from northern Germany.
First and Third Crusades This map shows the routes taken by some of the major European armies during the First and Third crusades. The First Crusade began in 1096 and ended in 1099. Key European leaders in the crusade included Robert of Flanders, Raymond of Toulouse, Godfrey of Bouillon, and Bohemond of Taranto. The crusaders traveled from Europe toward Constantinople (now Istanbul, Turkey) and then marched toward Jerusalem. They succeeded in capturing Jerusalem. They also established the crusader states: Edessa, Antioch, Tripoli, and Jerusalem.The Third Crusade began in 1189 and ended in 1192. Important European leaders of the Third Crusade were Frederick I of Germany, Philip II of France, and Richard I of England. The crusaders failed to recapture Jerusalem. But they recovered the Palestinian coastline and won an agreement with the Muslims to permit Christians to visit Jerusalem.
Marco Polo’s Routes The map is hyperlinked to the map’s web site. Click it while running the slide show to see Magellan’s route animated.