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The Wright Brothers

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  1. The Wright Brothers

  2. EDE 417-01 Miranda Walker & Heather Woessner Developed for 1st and 2nd Grade

  3. Table of Contents 1-History 2-People in Societies 3-Geography 4-Economics 5-Government 6-Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities 7-Social Studies Skills and Methods *Each standard includes 5 activities, 5 websites, and the learning content is geared towards 1st and 2nd grade.

  4. 1-History Students use materials drawn from the diversity of human experience to analyze and interpret significant events, patterns, and themes and the history of Ohio, the United States and the world.

  5. 1-Activities Activity 1- Students research events from the Wright Brothers lifetime and organize them on a time line. Benchmark B- Place events in correct order on a time line. Indicator #3(2nd grade)- Place a series of related events in chronological order on a time line. Activity 2- Students research their own life events and place them on a time line. They will then compare their own time line to the Wright Brothers time line through class discussion. Benchmark B Indicator #2(1st grade)- Place events from one’s own life in a chronological order. Activity 3- As a whole class, discuss how aviation has changed from the past to the present and how it has affected people’s lives. From ideas generated through the discussion, students will draw and write about their own flying machine they would invent. Benchmark C- Compare daily life in the past and present demonstrating an understanding that while basic human needs remain the same, they are met in different ways in different times and places. Indicator #6b(2nd grade)- Identify and describe examples of how science and technology have changed the daily lives of people and compare forms of transportation from the past and the present.

  6. 1-Activities continued Activity 4- Search and explore artifacts left behind by the Wright Brothers. Write about an artifact you will leave behind for your descendants. Benchmark C Indicator #4(1st grade)- Raise questions about how families lived in the past and use photographs, letters, artifacts and books to clarify what is known and what is unknown. Activity 5- Explore how aviation has changed through the years and what it is today. Students will draw what they believe we will use to fly in the future. Benchmark B Indicator #3(1st grade)- Distinguish among past, present and future.

  7. 1-Websites -Interactive Tour of the Wright B Flyer -Time Line Information -Time Line Information -Artifact Gallery -Aviation History

  8. 2-People in Societies Students use knowledge of perspectives, practices and products of cultural, ethnic and social groups to analyze the impact of their commonality and diversity within local, national, regional and global settings.

  9. 2-Activites Activity 1- Students will partner up to research and write a biography about Wilbur or Orville Wright. Benchmark B- Identify ways that different cultures within the United States and the world have shaped our national heritage. Indicator #4(2nd grade)- Describe the contributions of significant individuals, including artisans, inventors, scientists, architects, explorers and political leaders to the cultural heritage of the United States. Activity 2- Take a field trip to Huffman Prairie to discuss and explore the Wright Brothers accomplishments during their experimental stage of aviation. Benchmark B Indicator #4(2nd grade)

  10. 2-Activities continued Activity 3- Observe various picture of airplanes that have evolved over time; as a class discuss the contributions that the Wright Brothers made to aviation. Students will develop a poster board presentation of contributions they are making to their own community. Benchmark B Indicator #4(2nd grade) Activity 4- Read My Brothers’ Flying Machine by Katharine Wright, in this story Katharine talks about the contributions her brothers have made to aviation. Benchmark B Indicator #4(2nd grade) Activity 5- Discuss the reunion that takes place each year on the anniversary of the Wright Brother’s first flight (December 17) at the Wright Memorial. The descendants of those who witnessed the first flight gather each year to lay wreaths in remembrance of the support that their ancestors offered to the Wright Brothers. Students will write in their journals about reunions that they have witnessed or attended (family reunions). Benchmark B Indicator #3(1st grade)- Describe family and local community customs and traditions.

  11. 2-Websites -Huffman Prairie -First Flight Reunion -Background Information on the Wright Brothers (Biography Activity) -Background Information on the Wright Brothers (Biography Activity) -Background Information on the Wright Brothers (Biography Activity)

  12. 3-Geography Students use knowledge of geographic locations, patterns and processes to show the interrelationship between the physical environment and human activity, and to explain the interactions that occur in an increasingly interdependent world.

  13. 3-Activites Activity 1- Students will make their own paper airplanes and experiment with directions and distance of flight. Benchmark A- Identify the location of the state of Ohio, the United States, the continents and oceans on maps, globes and other geographic representations. Indicator #1a and b(1st grade)- Identify and correctly use terms related to location, direction and distance including: (a) left/right and (b) near/far. Activity 2- Students will write an analysis of the quality of their paper airplane. In the analysis students will consider how near or far the plane traveled. Benchmark A Indicator #1b(1st grade) Activity 3- Use a map of Dayton and the United States to located places of significance for the Wright Brothers (Home, Huffman Prairie, Kitty Hawk, and the Wright Cycle Company). Benchmark A Indicator #3(1st grade)- Identify and use symbols to locate places of significance on maps and globes.

  14. 3-Activities continued Activity 4- Students will make their own map of Dayton indicating the locations of significance for the Wright Brothers (Home, Huffman Prairie, and the Wright Cycle Co.) Benchmark A Indicator #2(2nd grade)- Construct a map that includes a map title and key that explains all symbols that are used. Activity 5- Review the field trips made to Huffman Prairie and the Wright Cycle Co. Museum. Make a Venn Diagram to compare and contrast the characteristics from each location. Benchmark B-Identify physical and human features of places. Indicator #6(1st grade)- Compare areas within the local community to identify similarities.

  15. 3-Websites -Paper Airplanes -Paper Airplanes -Map of Dayton -Analysis of the 1903 Wright Flyer -What Makes Paper Airplanes Fly?

  16. 4-Economics Students use economic reasoning skills and knowledge of major economic concepts, issues and systems in order to make informed choices as producers, consumers, savers, investors, workers and citizens in an interdependent world.

  17. 4-Activities Activity 1- Take a field trip to the Greene County Airport, explore the services that the airport provides for the community. Benchmark B- Distinguish between goods and services and explain how people can be both buyers and sellers of goods and services. Indicator #2(1st grade)- Describe the ways people produce, consume and exchange goods and services in their community. Activity 2- Continue discussion about how the Wright Brothers provided services to their community; focus on The Wright Cycle Co. Students will write about their bicycles at home (or what their’s would be like if they don’t have one) and what they do when something goes wrong (or what they would do if something broke). Who fixes your bike? Benchmark B Indicator #2(1st grade) Activity 3- Take a field trip to the Wright Cycle Co. in Downtown Dayton. Benchmark B Indicator #2(1st grade)

  18. 4-Activities continued Activity 4- Discuss how the Wright Brothers provided services to the community with their newspaper shop (The West Side Newspaper). As a class, the students will write their own articles, come up with pictures, and develop a newspaper for their parents and their school community. Benchmark B Indicator #2(1st grade) Activity 5- Have a representative from the Dayton Daily News come in and discuss the goods and services they bring to the community. Benchmark B Indicator #2(1st grade)

  19. 4-Websites -Wright Cycle and Co. Museum -Dayton Daily News -Greene County Airport -West Side News West%20Side%20News/news.htm -West Side News

  20. 5-Government Students use knowledge of the purposes, structures and processes of political systems at the local, state, national and international levels to understand that people create systems of government as structures of power and authority to provide order, maintain stability and promote the general welfare.

  21. 5-Activities Activity 1- Have a police officer come in and speak with the students about bicycle safety. Benchmark A-Identify elected leaders and authority figures in the home, school and community and explain reasons for having persons in authority. Indicator #1(1st grade)- Recognizing the rule of authority figures in providing for the safety and security of individuals. Activity 2- Take a field trip the National Museum of the United States Air Force. Benchmark A Indicator #2c(2nd grade)- Explain how a system of government provides order to a group such as a school or a community and why government is necessary including providing services. Activity 3- Reflect on the field trip to the Air Force Museum. Have students write in their journals about what role the Air Force plays in protecting our community/country. Benchmark A Indicator #2c(2nd grade)

  22. 5-Activities continued Activity 4- Students will write letters to the air force thanking them for their services. Benchmark A Indicator #1(1st grade) Activity 5- Read the book Airman in the Royal Air Force by I and J Havenhand Benchmark A Indicator #1(1st grade)

  23. 5-Websites -Bicycle Safety -Bike Safety - National Museum of the United States Air Force -America Supports the Air Force (and others!) -Government Website for Kids

  24. 6-Citizenship Rights and Responsibilities Students use knowledge of the rights and responsibilities of citizenship in order to examine and evaluate civic ideals and to participate in community life and the American democratic system.

  25. 6-Activities Activity 1- Students will be pair up and work together to construct their own Wright Flyer using the Wright Flyer Model Kit. They will informally share their finished product with the class and then reflect in their journals about what it was like to work with a partner just as the Wright Brothers worked with each other every day. Benchmark A- Describe the results of cooperation in group settings and demonstrate the necessary skills. Indicator #1a-c(2nd grade)- Demonstrate skills and explain the benefits of cooperation when working in group settings: (a) manage conflict peacefully, (b) display courtesy, and (c) respect others. Activity 2- Students will make a poster with self illustrated pictures displaying how they feel the Wright Brothers were good citizens. To introduce the assignment have a discussion on vocabulary related to being a good citizen (honesty, self-assurance, respect, persistence, and patriotism. Benchmark B- Demonstrate personal accountability, including making choices and taking responsibility for personal actions. Indicator #3a-e(2nd grade)- Demonstrate citizenship traits including: (a) honesty, (b) self-assurance, (c) respect for the rights of others, (d) Persistence, and (e) patriotism. Activity 3- Students will make their own kites and share them with the class. They will be asked to talk about why they are proud of their kite. Following, we will fly our kites outside! Benchmark B Indicator #4(1st grade)- Demonstrate pride in personal accomplishments.

  26. 6-Activities continued Activity 4- Students will make their own “Magnus Flyer”. Benchmark B Indicator #2(1st grade)- Demonstrate self-direction in school tasks. Activity 5- Using the Wright Flyer models that the students built in groups, the class will set up our own class aviation museum. Included in each display the students will each create a statement of pride about their project. These will be written on note cards and placed in front of their planes. Benchmark B Indicator #4(1st grade)

  27. 6-Websites -Wright Flyer Model Kit -The “Magnus Flyer” -Wright Brothers Information -Make Your Own Kite! -Learn to Make a Kite

  28. 7-Social Studies Skills and Methods Students collect, organize, evaluate and synthesize information from multiple sources to draw logical conclusions. Students communicate this information using appropriate social studies terminology in oral, written or multimedia form and apply what they have learned to societal issues in simulated or real-world settings.

  29. 7-Activities Activity 1- Students will watch the movie “This is America Charlie Brown: The Wright Brothers at Kitty Hawk” and then a QuickTime clip of the Wright Brothers flying the Glider. Benchmark A- Obtain information from oral, visual, print and electronic sources. Indicator #1(1st grade)- Obtain information about a topic using a variety of oral and visual sources. Activity 2- During computer lab time students will play the interactive online Wright Brothers game. Benchmark A Indicator #1(1st grade) Activity 3- Readthe bookThe Wright Brothers: Pioneers of Flight by Ian Graham Benchmark A Indicator #1(2nd grade)- Obtain information from oral, visual and print sources.

  30. 7-Activities continued Activity 4- Students will complete a graphic organizer using information they have learned about the Wright Brothers. Benchmark C- Communicate information orally, visually, or in writing. Indicator #5(2nd grade)- Communicate information in writing. Activity 5- As a class the students will participate in Readers Theatre telling about the Life of the Wright Brothers in Sequence. Benchmark C Indicator #5(1st grade)- Communicate information orally or visually.

  31. 7-Websites -Interactive Wright Brothers Game -Graphic Organizers -List of Wright Brothers Books and Informational Websites -Readers Theatre Script -QuickTime Clip of the Wright Brothers

  32. THE END