the project of super ct factory with crab waist in novosibirsk l.
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The project of Super-ct-factory with Crab Waist in Novosibirsk. E.Levichev Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk Tau-08 Satellite Meeting, Novosibirsk September 26-27, 2008. Contributors to the report. History. C-tau Conceptual Design Report in Novosibirsk.

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the project of super ct factory with crab waist in novosibirsk

The project of Super-ct-factory with Crab Waist in Novosibirsk


Budker Institute of Nuclear Physics, Novosibirsk

Tau-08 Satellite Meeting, Novosibirsk

September 26-27, 2008


C-tau Conceptual Design Report in Novosibirsk

► E = 700 – 2500 MeV► Round beams L=1034 cm-2s-1► Monochromatization L~1032 cm-2s-1► Long. Polarization L~1034 cm-2s-1► Transverse polarization for precise energy calibration


motivation of restart
Motivation of restart

►Invention of the crab waist collision scheme (P.Raimondi, March 2006; demonstration: DAFNE, 2007)► Exciting results of B-factories►Hint of financial support from Russian Government


Scientific case (talk by V.Druzhinin)

►D-Dbar mixing

►CP violation searches in charm decays

►Rare and forbidden charm decays

►Standard Model tests in  leptons decays

►Searches for lepton flavor violation

►CP/T violation searches in t leptons decays

Requirements: L > 1034 cm-2 s-1, longitudinal polarization


► Variable energy Ecm= 3 – 4.5 GeV (from J/psi to charm baryons)► L = 1÷2×1035 cm-2s-1► At least one beam (e-) should be polarized longitudinally► No energy asymmetry is needed► No beam monochromatization is needed► Energy calibration with medium accuracy (Compton backscattering)

facility key features and principles
Facility key features and principles

► Two rings with a single interaction point► Crab waist collision  extreme importance of the FF design ► Polarized e- injector and spin gymnastics based on the Central Arc solution to get the longitudinally polarized electron beam at IP► Wigglers to keep the same damping and emittance in the whole energy range (optimal luminosity)► Modified FODO cell to obtain low emittance► A wide adaptation of the existing injection complex, construction facilities (tunnels, halls, etc.) and elements (wigglers, etc.) for cost effectiveness Many features/problems similar to the European SuperB


Injection facility exists

Tunnel for the linac and the technical straight section of the factory is ready

specification for the ff design
Specification for the FF design

Talk by Anton Bogomyagkov

sct location
SCT location

FF region

Technical reg. (RF and injection)

Damping wiggler sections

Hall is ready

main accelerator parameters
Main accelerator parameters

8 m of the SC wigglers with 20-cm-period are used to control the beam parameters at different energies (by Pavel Piminov)


Interaction region betas

Dispersion function


Technological section

Arc cell (FODO but close to the theoretical minimum emittance)

Transverse DA is a crucial problem !!!

Betatron tune bandwidth 1%

damping wigglers
Damping wigglers

The damping wigglers keep the damping time Tau_x =30 ms and the

horizontal emittance (10 nm) in the energy range 1.5 – 2.5 GeV

Wiggler with similar parameters produced by BINP

Wiggler field amplitude vs energy

longitudinal polarization at ip
Longitudinal polarization at IP

Talk by Sergey Nikitin

 Schematic view of the longitudinally polarized e- at IP

Degree of the LP at IP 

as a function of the beam


polarized electrons source talk by i koop
Polarized electrons source (talk by I.Koop)

Polarized electron source produced by BINP for AmPS

  • Beam polarization 90 %
  • Cathode voltage 100 kV
  • Photocathode type Strained InGaAsP
  • Laser type Ti – Sapphire
  • Light wavelength 700 – 850 nm
  • Laser power in a pulse 200 W
  • Pulse duration 2.1 s
  • Repetition rate 1 Hz
  • Maximum current from a gun 150 mA
  • Operational current 15 – 20 mA
  • Photocathode lifetime 190 – 560 hours
injection facility upgrade talk by p logachev
Injection facility upgrade (talk by P.Logachev)
  • Today:
  • 21010 e-/pulse  (1.5% conversion)  3 108 e+/pulse
  •  50 Hz = 1.51010 e+/s
  • Upgrade:
  • e- current increase ( 3)
  • Better focusing in positron linac ( 1.5)
  • Debuncher usage ( 2)
  • = 1.351011 e+/s
  • Reserve: electron energy can be increased by 100 MeV ( 1.3)
2 5 gev linac
2.5 GeV linac

►Using the same accelerating structure as for the existing injection facility

► 13 accelerator modules (200 MeV, 16 m) each of 4 accelerator structures. Totally 208 m

► In a 1-m straight section between the accelerator structures there are two quadrupoles, BPM and vacuum valve

► Four accelerator structures (one module) are fed by one 5045 klystron (SLAC)

► Repetition frequency is 50 Hz

energy calibration talk by m achasov
Energy calibration (talk by M.Achasov)

Compton backscattering E

calibration (~10-410-5)

CBS vs RD for 3 months

Sigma = 42 keV

Spectrum edge

  • C-tau factory with L = 1035 cm-2 s-1seems to be an extremely attractive facility for HEP experiments
  • Crab-waist approach allows us to obtain such luminosity with achievable machine parameters: required beam intensity, low emittance, injection efficiency, polarization features have been already obtained in B- and Phi-factories, light sources, etc.
  • We are in the beginning now and there are many things have to be done (further optimization of the FF design, the DA optimization, Touschek lifetime increase, etc.). But at the same time we have an advantage-ground to start the project: injection facility is under commissioning, tunnels for linac and injection lines are ready, a lot of the facility solutions are based on existing wares and technologies.