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Dissemination: Methods and Products

Dissemination: Methods and Products

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Dissemination: Methods and Products

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  1. Dissemination:Methods and Products Major Kim Waldron 25 July 2000

  2. Background Dissemination Methods Dedicated Common User Representative examples Overview

  3. Collect observations, worldwide, transmitting them, through the AWN, into an accessible database Create and disseminate forecasts and bulletins Exchange weather data including satellite, radar, etc Background: What We Do

  4. Dedicated Automated Weather Distribution System (AWDS) NEXRAD Dial-in capability Shared networks with Navy and NOAA Satellite communications Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT) Common User Telephone Fax Internet Dissemination Methods

  5. Satellite Strategic Communications Program (SCOMP) Navy Fleet Numerical Center Operational Weather Squadron Leased Lines NIPRNET Naval Oceanographic Office Combat Weather Team SIPRNET ATM National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Det 7 Weather Switch Space Weather Squadron Air Force Combat Climatology Center

  6. Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)

  7. CONUS SCOMP VSAT System 50 State transponder Broadcast 2 Mbps and 512 Kbps Inroute 128 Kbps Offutt MPDS HUB DISTRIBUTION of gif/jpg/mpg, GRIB, A/N, VG, FBD, UGDF, METSAT andNEXRAD data

  8. Bandwidth is and will continue to be a concern for using standard Air Force communications systems AFWA security issues AWDS basically a closed system; access is available through MOA with AFWA AFWIN is password protected with limited access to non-governmental agencies due to proprietary products that are available through internal hypertext links Weather Product Dissemination

  9. OWS Product Dissemination • Regional focus • Terminal Area Forecasts • Weather Warnings - Resource Protection • Aircrew Support

  10. 15 OWS provides support Northeastern US 22 States 11 Active Duty Air Force Bases 109 Air Force/Army Guard and Reserve Locations 127 Specialized Support Areas (MOA/DZ/AR) Minot Grand Forks Ft Drum Ellsworth Offutt Wright-Patt McGuire Andrews Scott Dover Ft Belvoir Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support

  11. Support includes Terminal Aerodrome Forecast Forecasted Weather Watches/Warnings and Advisories Mission Tailored Flight Weather Execution Forecast Specialized Support Exercise Training Weather Products are Distributed using the Internet Each Site has a Tailored Web Page Pages provide weather tailored to their mission profiles/needs Easily amendable and expandable Average over 2000 mission sorties per month Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support

  12. Weather Products include Graphics and Alpha-Numeric Can be pulled from the Web site (customer initiated) Can be pushed to the user at a certain time (OWS initiated) Can be automatically routed when a new product arrives Faxed (Computer-Computer or Computer-Fax) Emailed (To unit or individual accounts) Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support TAF KRCA 191616 16006KT 9999 FEW002 FEW040 BKN120 SCT300 QNH3005INS BECMG 1819 14005KT 9999 VCSH BKN040 BKN120 BKN300 QNH2999INS TS OVR BLKHLS T27/22Z T15/11Z

  13. Disseminates Point Weather Warnings (PWW) to customers Performs the work of six persons at once Utilizes six phone lines to disseminate the PWW Programmable scenarios allow forecasters to broadcast the PWW or select individual sites to receive Voice notification through a recorded message Requires an acknowledgement from the answering party Capable of calling many different telephone numbers Product HighlightDissemination Server

  14. System can contact the customers through: Work/Home/Cell phone numbers Pagers (A/N and Voice) Automatic printout of notification results Shows who was contacted (unit/number) Shows when the PWW was officially relayed Product HighlightDissemination Server

  15. Developed to aid in flight weather briefings Has the look and feel of a paper DD175-1 Can add charts and additional pages for MOAs/ARs/DZs Product HighlightProduct Generation Suite (PGS)

  16. Computer auto-populates the briefing form Uses forecasts/observations stored in database as 1st guess Allows the forecaster to tailor/create forecast for Special Support Areas (MOA/AR/DZ) Database management Notifies forecaster of Special Support Areas forecast already completed by another forecaster Product HighlightProduct Generation Suite (PGS)

  17. Security Base Firewall Protection Open to Dot-mil addresses only Password required for all commercial connections PKI (128 bit encryption in work, awaiting customer capability) Integration of new products All weather products are catalogued in a database and assigned an ID Web-page is built to query the database to build menus based on products IDs required by that customer New products are entered into the database and automatically included in the menu when populated Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support

  18. Airborne Updates • Past Methods • PMSV • HF and SATCOM radios • UHF SATCOM voice/data • Phone Patches • New Methods • Direct link of data / graphics into the cockpit

  19. Aircrew Support:Airborne Updates • Air Force involvement in several concepts • AFW is writing proposal to integrate weather into the Airborne Broadcast Intelligence (ABI) program • Initial fielding on AWACs aircraft • Follow-on for airlift (C-17, C-130)

  20. RADIO Notional System Architecture SATCOM Cockpit Display Airborne Processor Line-of-sight or SATCOM Weather Processor create / format Weather Products

  21. Wx Data RADIO Weather Processor • Takes data from AFWA database including: • Model output (graphics or data cube) • Text bulletins (observations and forecasts) • Satellite and Radar images • Creates products based on program requirements, • formats, and transfers to broadcast system AFWA DATABASE

  22. RADIO Broadcast Link SATCOM or LINE-OF-SIGHT Acquire and integrate proven radio system(s) to broadcast images, text, and possibly data cubes from weather processor to ABI airborne processor Wx Products From Processor

  23. 250L +12 Airborne Processor ABI Processor Cockpit Display ABI software will ingest weather products and/or data and make available through icons on the cockpit display Wx Products And Data

  24. Dissemination to Command & Control (C2) Elements • Weather will be a node on customer systems • Joint Weather Impacts System (JWIS) is being developed to feed data into C2 systems • Spiral development • Additional testing as part of Joint Expeditionary Force Experiment in September

  25. Command and Control Support: JWIS Live Data/Sim Data Integrated Wx Impacts Supports Command, Control & Decision Making Process Theater Weather Server Target Visualization IRTSS Target Flythrough (Edge/PowerScene) C2 Systems JEES Pre-deployment Deployment Operations Planning Mission Planning Mission Rehearsal Mission Execution Dynamic Battle Control Sustainment Re-deployment Web Interface Knowledge Base (WarWeather, Joint IWEDA) CommonWx DB Physics Base (GEED, TAWS, NOWS)

  26. Joint Weather Impacts System (JWIS) • Addresses the process and technology required to provide and automate weather support to the mission planning and execution process • Weather server provides relevant weather information and impact oriented decision aids • Utilizes interactive, dynamic web-based interface that supports operational and tactical level planning/decision making, mission rehearsal, and training

  27. Summary • Many on-going initiatives to improve dissemination • Flexible • Reliable • Adequate bandwidth • All customers - including airborne