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Dissemination: Methods and Products. Major Kim Waldron 25 July 2000. Background Dissemination Methods Dedicated Common User Representative examples . Overview. Collect observations, worldwide, transmitting them, through the AWN, into an accessible database

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dissemination methods and products

Dissemination:Methods and Products

Major Kim Waldron

25 July 2000

overview
Background

Dissemination Methods

Dedicated

Common User

Representative examples

Overview
background what we do
Collect observations, worldwide, transmitting them, through the AWN, into an accessible database

Create and disseminate forecasts and bulletins

Exchange weather data including satellite, radar, etc

Background: What We Do
dissemination methods
Dedicated

Automated Weather Distribution System (AWDS)

NEXRAD Dial-in capability

Shared networks with Navy and NOAA

Satellite communications

Very Small Aperture Terminal (VSAT)

Common User

Telephone

Fax

Internet

Dissemination Methods
strategic communications program scomp

Satellite

Strategic Communications Program (SCOMP)

Navy Fleet

Numerical Center

Operational

Weather

Squadron

Leased Lines

NIPRNET

Naval

Oceanographic

Office

Combat

Weather

Team

SIPRNET

ATM

National

Oceanic and

Atmospheric

Administration

Det 7

Weather Switch

Space

Weather Squadron

Air Force Combat Climatology Center

slide7

CONUS SCOMP VSAT System

50 State transponder

Broadcast 2 Mbps

and 512 Kbps

Inroute 128 Kbps

Offutt MPDS

HUB

DISTRIBUTION of gif/jpg/mpg, GRIB, A/N, VG, FBD, UGDF, METSAT andNEXRAD data

weather product dissemination
Bandwidth is and will continue to be a concern for using standard Air Force communications systems

AFWA security issues

AWDS basically a closed system; access is available through MOA with AFWA

AFWIN is password protected with limited access to non-governmental agencies due to proprietary products that are available through internal hypertext links

Weather Product Dissemination
ows product dissemination
OWS Product Dissemination
  • Regional focus
  • Terminal Area Forecasts
  • Weather Warnings - Resource Protection
  • Aircrew Support
internet based tailored regional weather support
15 OWS provides support Northeastern US

22 States

11 Active Duty Air Force Bases

109 Air Force/Army Guard and Reserve Locations

127 Specialized Support Areas (MOA/DZ/AR)

Minot

Grand

Forks

Ft Drum

Ellsworth

Offutt

Wright-Patt

McGuire

Andrews

Scott

Dover

Ft Belvoir

Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support
internet based tailored regional weather support11
Support includes

Terminal Aerodrome Forecast

Forecasted Weather Watches/Warnings and Advisories

Mission Tailored Flight Weather Execution Forecast

Specialized Support

Exercise

Training

Weather Products are Distributed using the Internet

Each Site has a Tailored Web Page

Pages provide weather tailored to their mission profiles/needs

Easily amendable and expandable

Average over 2000 mission sorties per month

Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support
internet based tailored regional weather support12
Weather Products include Graphics and Alpha-Numeric

Can be pulled from the Web site (customer initiated)

Can be pushed to the user at a certain time (OWS initiated)

Can be automatically routed when a new product arrives

Faxed (Computer-Computer or Computer-Fax)

Emailed (To unit or individual accounts)

Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support

TAF KRCA 191616 16006KT 9999 FEW002 FEW040 BKN120 SCT300 QNH3005INS

BECMG 1819 14005KT 9999 VCSH BKN040 BKN120 BKN300 QNH2999INS TS OVR BLKHLS T27/22Z T15/11Z

product highlight dissemination server
Disseminates Point Weather Warnings (PWW) to customers

Performs the work of six persons at once

Utilizes six phone lines to disseminate the PWW

Programmable scenarios allow forecasters to broadcast the PWW or select individual sites to receive

Voice notification through a recorded message

Requires an acknowledgement from the answering party

Capable of calling many different telephone numbers

Product HighlightDissemination Server
product highlight dissemination server14
System can contact the customers through:

Work/Home/Cell phone numbers

Pagers (A/N and Voice)

Automatic printout of notification results

Shows who was contacted (unit/number)

Shows when the PWW was officially relayed

Product HighlightDissemination Server
product highlight product generation suite pgs
Developed to aid in flight weather briefings

Has the look and feel of a paper DD175-1

Can add charts and additional pages for MOAs/ARs/DZs

Product HighlightProduct Generation Suite (PGS)
product highlight product generation suite pgs16
Computer auto-populates the briefing form

Uses forecasts/observations stored in database as 1st guess

Allows the forecaster to tailor/create forecast for Special Support Areas (MOA/AR/DZ)

Database management

Notifies forecaster of Special Support Areas forecast already completed by another forecaster

Product HighlightProduct Generation Suite (PGS)
internet based tailored regional weather support17
Security

Base Firewall Protection

Open to Dot-mil addresses only

Password required for all commercial connections

PKI (128 bit encryption in work, awaiting customer capability)

Integration of new products

All weather products are catalogued in a database and assigned an ID

Web-page is built to query the database to build menus based on products IDs required by that customer

New products are entered into the database and automatically included in the menu when populated

Internet Based Tailored Regional Weather Support
airborne updates
Airborne Updates
  • Past Methods
    • PMSV
    • HF and SATCOM radios
    • UHF SATCOM voice/data
    • Phone Patches
  • New Methods
    • Direct link of data / graphics into the cockpit
aircrew support airborne updates
Aircrew Support:Airborne Updates
  • Air Force involvement in several concepts
  • AFW is writing proposal to integrate weather into the Airborne Broadcast Intelligence (ABI) program
    • Initial fielding on AWACs aircraft
    • Follow-on for airlift (C-17, C-130)
slide20

RADIO

Notional System Architecture

SATCOM

Cockpit

Display

Airborne

Processor

Line-of-sight

or SATCOM

Weather Processor

create / format

Weather Products

weather processor

Wx Data

RADIO

Weather Processor
  • Takes data from AFWA database including:
  • Model output (graphics or data cube)
  • Text bulletins (observations and forecasts)
  • Satellite and Radar images
  • Creates products based on program requirements,
  • formats, and transfers to broadcast system

AFWA DATABASE

broadcast link

RADIO

Broadcast Link

SATCOM

or

LINE-OF-SIGHT

Acquire and integrate proven radio system(s) to

broadcast images, text, and possibly data cubes

from weather processor to ABI airborne processor

Wx Products From

Processor

airborne processor

250L

+12

Airborne Processor

ABI Processor

Cockpit Display

ABI software will ingest weather products and/or

data and make available through icons on the

cockpit display

Wx Products

And Data

dissemination to command control c2 elements
Dissemination to Command & Control (C2) Elements
  • Weather will be a node on customer systems
  • Joint Weather Impacts System (JWIS) is being developed to feed data into C2 systems
    • Spiral development
    • Additional testing as part of Joint Expeditionary Force Experiment in September
command and control support jwis
Command and Control Support: JWIS

Live Data/Sim Data

Integrated Wx Impacts

Supports Command, Control

& Decision Making Process

Theater

Weather

Server

Target Visualization

IRTSS

Target Flythrough

(Edge/PowerScene)

C2 Systems

JEES

Pre-deployment

Deployment

Operations Planning

Mission Planning

Mission Rehearsal

Mission Execution

Dynamic Battle Control

Sustainment

Re-deployment

Web Interface

Knowledge Base

(WarWeather,

Joint IWEDA)

CommonWx DB

Physics Base

(GEED, TAWS,

NOWS)

joint weather impacts system jwis
Joint Weather Impacts System (JWIS)
  • Addresses the process and technology required to provide and automate weather support to the mission planning and execution process
  • Weather server provides relevant weather information and impact oriented decision aids
  • Utilizes interactive, dynamic web-based interface that supports operational and tactical level planning/decision making, mission rehearsal, and training
summary
Summary
  • Many on-going initiatives to improve dissemination
    • Flexible
    • Reliable
    • Adequate bandwidth
    • All customers - including airborne