dark fiber networks in the nordic countries l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Dark fiber networks in the Nordic countries PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Dark fiber networks in the Nordic countries

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 37

Dark fiber networks in the Nordic countries - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 408 Views
  • Uploaded on

Dark fiber networks in the Nordic countries. Heino Radmer, Optical Network Architect 10. marts 2014. NorthernLight background and objectives. Move from a leased line to a dark fiber infrastructure Accommodate the future demands for capacity High-speed Internet Lambda circuits

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Dark fiber networks in the Nordic countries' - Sophia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
dark fiber networks in the nordic countries

Dark fiber networks in the Nordic countries

Heino Radmer, Optical Network Architect

10. marts 2014

northernlight background and objectives
NorthernLightbackground and objectives
  • Move from a leased line to a dark fiber infrastructure
  • Accommodate the future demands for capacity
    • High-speed Internet
    • Lambda circuits
    • Private light path services
  • Deployment of an Optical Exchange
  • Equipment - Cutting edge technology
    • LH/ULH DWDM
      • Channel count above 64 x 10G
      • 40G ready
    • Multi Service Transport Platform – Optical Exchange (NOX)
      • Handel circuit and packet based traffic
    • Targeting User Controlled Provisioning (UCLP)
  • Fulfill these requirements without a substantial budget increase.
nordic fibre projects
NORDIC fibre projects
  • Fibre distances
    • NORDUnet 4200+ Km (Completed)
    • SUNET 7300+ Km (Completed, Operated by NORDUnet)
    • FUNET 4300+ KM (Tendering)
    • Forskningsnettet 1500+ KM (Tendering)
    • UNINETT 7000+ KM (In Progress)
    • Rhnet Planned 2,5 Gbit/s Lambda connection
  • Sites:
    • NORDUnet 60+ (9 main sites)
    • SUNET 80+
    • FUNET 60+
    • Forskningsnettet 20+
    • UNINETT 80+
    • Rhnet Planned 2,5 Gbit/s Lambda connection
the old nordunet
The old NORDUnet
  • So what did NORDUnet look like before?
nordunet suppliers
NORDUnet - Suppliers

The dark fiber network is provided by:

Telenor

Scandinavian Ring

Finland Link

Global Crossing

Southern Cross

The equipment is provided by:

Alcatel-Lucent

1626 Light Manager

ULH DWDM

1850 Transport Service Switch

SDH/Sonet

Ethernet

CWDM and SH DWDM

Juniper

T640

nordunet opn
NORDUnet OPN

Base network:

  • Ring structure

Base equipment:

  • ULH ROADM
  • Q1 2008 WSS
  • 96x 10G Ch.
  • Add/drop 96 Ch.
  • 40G Ready

Transponders:

  • C-band Tuneable
  • XFP
network operation
Network Operation

Mgmt

Network

Stockholm

NU-NOC

Global

Secure

Access

Copenhagen

NORDUnet

Office

alcatel lucent 135x suite used in nordufiber
Alcatel-Lucent 135x Suite Used in NORDUfiber
  • 1354 RM – Network Manger
  • 1354 BM-Eth – Ethernet Manager
  • 1353 NM – Element Manager
  • 1359 IOO – North Bound Interface
  • 1359 HA – High Availability
nox nothernlight optical exchange
NOX – NothernLight Optical eXchange
  • New Name!
    • NorthernLight is now the optical network
    • NOX is the GOLE
  • Distributed
    • Connection points: Oslo, Stockholm, Helsinki, Copenhagen
  • Links:
    • n x 10 G to NetherLight (Amsterdam)
    • 1 x 10 G to MLight (Moscow) (October 1st 2007)
    • n x 10 G to GEANT
    • (2 x 2.5 G to RUNnet (St. Petersburg))
northernlight optical exchange nox
NorthernLight Optical Exchange NOX

Interfaces type

  • STM-1 to STM-256
  • GE and 10 GE
  • OTU1, OTU2 and OTU3

Services

  • Protected & Unprotected
  • Over subscribed
  • VLAN
  • P2P
  • P2M

Applications e.g.

  • NGDF
  • GLORIAD
  • Radio Telescope
  • Score
  • Acreo
optical exchange high level features
Optical Exchange – High level Features

Ethernet

  • 10GE LAN/WAN - Optical
  • GE - Optical
  • 10/100/1000 - Electrical
  • ETH Traffic Classification
  • Complete Scope of Ethernet Features
  • SDH/Sonet
  • STM-1, 4, 16 & 64
  • Cross-Connection
  • Termination
  • ETH Mapping over SDH
  • Complete Scope of SDH/Sonet Features
  • CWDM
  • Terminal, Hub, OADM Ring
  • Stacked C-WDM Rings
  • MSPP
  • CLI, SNMP and TL1
  • 2007 GMPLS feature set

1850 TSS-320

optical exchange northeren light 1850 tss
Optical Exchange/Northeren Light – 1850 TSS

100% Circuit

100% Packet

Single platform addressing any transport need now and in a near future

Carrier Ethernettransport model

MSPP model

SONET/SDH model

Universal Switch

Universal Switch

Universal Switch

WDMmodule

TDM processing card

Packet processing card

Accommodates any traffix mix of circuits, packets and lambdas

1626 l ight manager day one release
Multi-reach Platform

LH/ULH up to 88 channels

Add/drop 88 channels

50 GHz filter grid

Long Haul

Fully Reconfigurable OADM

Automatic system alignment

All interfaces are tuneable over the complete C-band

10G transponder

STM-64

10GbE WAN & LAN

4x 2.5G transparent concentrator

40G transponder

4x 10G concentrator

Embedded Optical Protection

Raman Amplification

1626Light Manager: Day one Release

Unified

System

  • UNIQUE System
  • Same modules for OADM and ILA
    • Shelf
    • Amplifier
northernlight17
NorthernLight

NorthernLight Optical Backbone

Current Connection to Iceland

Cross Boarder Fibre

Future Connection to Iceland

Global Connectivity

Future Cross Boarder Fibre

1626 l ight manager tuneable oadm 2008
Wavelength Selective Switches

LH/ULH up to 88 channels

Add/Drop 64 channels

Enhanced functionality

Tuneable filters

Any mix of 50 and 100 GHz filters

Long Haul:

Fully Tuneable OADM

Fully C band tunable interfaces over any interface

10 G Universal Transponder

STM-64

10GE WAN & LAN

40G transponder

PSBT (50 GHz - SH)

DPSK (100 GHz – LH/ULH)

1626Light Manager Tuneable-OADM: 2008

GMPLS

WSS 1:9

multi domain cross layer provisioning
Multi Domain Cross Layer Provisioning

It is about controlling the Control plane just like PNNI for ATM

  • Hello protocol
  • Database Exchange protocol
  • Flooding protocol
  • Calculation of a logical channel connections
  • Hierarchical routing
  • Today’s General Control Plane
  • GMPLS
  • UCLP
  • NDL
  • Others
gmpls for photonic networks provisioning soft permanent connection
GMPLS for Photonic NetworksProvisioning Soft Permanent Connection

NMS

Check Optical Pathfeasibility

Set-up

TDM-LSP

(VC, ODU)

Set-up

Lambda-LSP

RSVP-TE

SDH or ODU Domain

GMPLS

OCh

NE

Photonic Domain

OCh

NE

GMPLS

OCh

NE

OCh

NE

OCh

NE

RSVP-TE

SPC : Soft Permanent Connections

LSP : Label Switched Path

  • The support of new photonic network architectures requires the introduction of a new management functionality within the photonic layer
  • GMPLS control plane, will introduce features based on UNI control plane signalling and centralized provisioning for
    • Link, Network and Service resources discovery
    • Soft Permanent Connection Set Up
funet
FUNET
  • A shortpresentation to theFinnishprogress
  • Slides provided by:

Juha Oinonen,

Development manager

Funet network

funet finnish university and research network
Funet - Finnish University and research NETwork

High quality academic Internet services for Finland

  • Advanced services like IPv6 and IP multicast
  • Connectivity via NORDUnet to Geant2 and global academic network community
  • Up to 10Gbps connection speeds

About 80 member organizations:

  • All Finnish universities (ca. 20) and polytechnics (ca. 30)
  • Public research institutions and other organizations close to higher education (ca. 30)
  • 350 000 end users
lambda applications in finland
Lambda Applications in Finland
  • Currently ongoing or identified
    • DEISA project (CSC)
    • Physics: Cern LHC OPN
    • Radioastronomy: Metsähovi observatory
    • Sodankylä satellite etc. facilities
  • Initiatives and plans
    • Network R&D activities (national/international)
    • New data intensive science projects/areas
    • Distributed ICT infrastructure
      • Mostly ”sub-lambda” capacity needs
slide25
4000 km fiber

20+ PoPs

Option for 20 more

Mesh/ring combination

multiple 3-way PoPs

To optimize cost, some leased lines needed for resiliency (not shown in the picture)

Cross-border options

Russia

Estonia

Sweden

NORDUnet presence in Helsinki

Roll-out in multiple phases

Details to be defined

Tammisaari

Kajaani

Sodankylä

Kotka

Rovaniemi

Kokkola

Kemi

Oulu

Vaasa

Kuopio

Seinäjoki

Joensuu

Jyväskylä

Mikkeli

Tampere

Pori

Lappeenranta

Lahti

Hämeenlinna

Helsinki

Turku

Espoo

Plans: Funet fiber topology (tentative)

Polar Circle

SUNET

Funet

~500 km

RUNnet

Map accuracy

+/- 50 km

NORDUnet

EEnet

status dark fiber procurement
Status: Dark Fiber Procurement
  • 4 candidates
    • Open procedure
  • Fairly good availability
    • All university/polytechnic towns covered
    • Some last mile construction needed (for resiliency)
  • Mostly new (2000-) fiber
    • G.652, mostly underground
    • Price/quality ratio varies
status hardware procurement
Status: Hardware procurement
  • Three vendors remaining
    • Negotiated procedure; initially 9 proposals
  • Open questions/work in progress
    • Final pricing
    • Technology roadmaps
    • Topology fine-tuning
    • Roll-out phasing
    • Support service details and preparation
  • Decision before end of 2007
    • First phase implementation in 1H2008
questions and information
Questions and information
  • Juha.Oinonen@csc.fi
  • http://www.csc.fi/english/funet/

Please forward all remaining questions to:

forskningsnettet fsknet
Forskningsnettet - FSKNET
  • Progress and status will be presented by Jan Ferré after the break.
fiber requirements
Fiber - requirements
  • Provider contractual bindings
    • Use of penalty system
    • Procedures towards provider
    • Provider education needed?
  • Building structure and limitations
    • Resilient structure
  • Education of staff
    • Handling of fiber
    • Basic knowledge
    • Measurements and materials
fiber requirements31
Fiber - requirements
  • Fiber specifications
    • The Dark Fibre shall be specified according to ITU-T G.652 or ITU-T G.655.
    • For ITU-T G.655 the True Wave Classic shall not be accepted.
    • The attenuation at 1550 nm should not exceed 23 dB and shall not exceed 35 dB.
      • Seacable specs 23 dB and 26 dB
    • The dark fibre parameters of the installed cable shall during the whole contract period comply with the values in 1-7 below. The values include effects of possible future splicing, repair, aging, etc.
    • Attenuation at 1550 nm shall be less than 0.25 dB/kmand should be less than 0.22 dB/km.
    • Bend losses shall not be accepted.
    • Seasonal variations in the fibre parameter shall not be accepted.
    • Connector losses shall be less than 0.5 dB.
    • Reflection shall at any point be below -40 dB.
    • Chromatic Dispersion at 1550nm (CMD1550nm) shall be less than18.5 ps/nm/km.
    • Polarisation Mode Dispersion (PMDQ) shall be less than 0.50 ps/km and should be less than 0.20 ps/km.
    • Fiber span shall not exceed 80 km
fiber provider problems
Fiber - provider problems
  • Only here to make money
  • Documentation
fiber solutions
Fiber - solutions
  • Measuring setup
  • Understanding
fiber solutions continued
Fiber – solutions continued
  • Procedures
    • Plenty of talking
    • Understanding
    • More talking….
status
Status
  • Scandinavian Ring (fiber): Live
  • Finland Link (fiber): Live
  • Amsterdam Link (fiber): Live
  • Moscow Link (OC192): early October
  • London Link (OC192): in planning
  • (new) Iceland Link (OC48): in planning
  • (new) WIDE and CSC+NORDUnet possibilities for pan-continental connectivity
end of presentation questions

End Of PresentationQuestions…?

Heino Radmer

Optical Network Architect

heino@nordu.net