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Authenticity in Cultural Heritage Tourism as a means to Sustainability. Authenticity. Dimensions of authenticity: Objective: Boorstin, MacCannell Constructed: Cohen, Urry, Rojek Personal: Bruner, Wang Polarity of the theory: Object --------------Subject.

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authenticity
Authenticity
  • Dimensions of authenticity:
  • Objective:
  • Boorstin, MacCannell
  • Constructed:
  • Cohen, Urry, Rojek
  • Personal:
  • Bruner, Wang
  • Polarity of the theory:
  • Object --------------Subject
s ren kierkegaard 1813 1855
The human subject is a synthesis of:

the infinite ---------- the finite

possibility ---------- necessity

Authenticity: to focus on one thing

as a result of a choice

The truth is subjective,

but the subjectivity is not the truth 

The authentic experience is subjective,

but the subjective experience is not necessarily authentic

Søren Kierkegaard 1813-1855
mikhail bakhtin 1895 1975
Mikhail Bakhtin 1895-1975
  • The Chronotope:
  • Kronos: time
  • Topos: space
  • Dialogue:
  • time ---- space
  • change, flux ---- stasis, fixity.
  • Space/stasis: Time/change:
  • Trial pattern Odysseus
  • Tristan
  • El Cid Spiderman
dialogue
Dialogue
  • Authenticity and the personal experience
  • Time/space: - axiological
  • - tied up with judgments about good or bad
  • Dialogue: an event
  • Human being: a project or deed
  • Authenticity and cultural heritage:
  • temporality: changes through generations
  • spatiality: myths, symbols or signs
  • As a communicative principle the chronotope establishes
  • a constant dialogue between generality and uniqueness
sustainability
Sustainability
  • Cultural Heritage Management
  • Concerns:
  • identifying cultural heritage with reference to conservation

for future generations

  • the socio-cultural authenticity of host communities,

including traditional values and heritage

The chronotope: a principle to identify cultural heritage

Generality: structures, symbols or myths

Uniqueness: special or exceptional features

taarnborg
Taarnborg
  • Cultural history from 1500-1750

Exterior: historic

Interior: past and present

Investigation:

Method -

  • An empirical survey among visitorsthrough the method of participant observation
  • Question -
  • The chronotope: catalyst for authenticity in
  • Cultural Heritage Management?
  • The touristic experience?
renaissance event
Renaissance event
  • Ribe is the oldest town of Denmark
  • - Historic greatness in the 1500-1600
  • The idea of the event:
  • Outdoor: Stasis predominant
  • Renaissance experienced trough a historic staging
  • - People in Renaissance dress, marketplace, games, music, spectacle, entertainment, food
  • Indoor: Bears witness of changing times Renaissance experienced in the light of the present
  • -Talks/lectures, tales, workshops, communication today, multimedia and virtual mediation
social responsibility
Social responsibility
  • Activities: religious ideas and concepts
  • Approach: non-confessional
  • Principal idea: experiencing the spirit of the place 
  • - transformation (Pine and Gilmore, 1999)
  • Ambition: exponent for transformation
  • not founded on ultimate answers or idealistic ideas
  • but duality and conflict of human existence
duality and authenticity
Duality and authenticity
  • Duality:
  • Human subject
  • - exists between flux and fixity
  • Cultural heritage
  • constantly in the process of

production and reproduction.

  • The chronotope is to be investigated as the place where knots of authenticity are tied and untied.