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Vitamins - are inevitable for regular function organism - they are essential, people can ’t make them - divided to two PowerPoint Presentation
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Vitamins - are inevitable for regular function organism - they are essential, people can ’t make them - divided to two groups: 1. Fat-soluble vitamins (A, E, D, K) 2. Water-soluble vitamins (B1-B12, M, H, C) Vitamin A Retinol Vitamin A Functions

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slide1

Vitamins

- are inevitable for regular function organism

- they are essential, people can’t make them

- divided to two groups:

1. Fat-soluble vitamins (A, E, D, K)

2. Water-soluble vitamins (B1-B12,M, H, C)

vitamin a
Vitamin A

Retinol

vitamin a3
Vitamin A

Functions

- play an important role in vision, bone growth, reproduction,

cell division and cell differentiation

- helps prevent or fight off infections by making white blood

cells that destroy harmful bacteria and viruses

  • Symptoms of deficiency
  • - pancreatic disorder – pancreatic secrets enzymes
  • are important for fat absorptions
  • - twilight blindness
  • damage of teeth
  • Resources
  • - liver
  • - milk and milk products
  • - fruits and vegetables (provitamin)
vitamin b 1
Vitamin B1

Thiamine

vitamin b 15
Vitamin B1

Functions

- needed to process carbohydrates, fat and proteins

- nerve cells require him in order to function normally

  • Resources
  • made by the bacteria that lines the gastrointestinal tract
  • cereal flour
  • potatoes
  • pulses
  • Symptoms of deficiency
  • illness „beriberi“
  • fatigue
  • cramps
vitamin b 6
Vitamin B6

Pyridoxine

vitamin b 67
Vitamin B6

Functions

- is needed for more than 100 enzymes involved in protein metabolism.

It is also essential for red blood cell metabolism.

- the nervous and immune systems need him to function efficiently

  • Symptoms of deficiency
  • chronic pain, depressions, headache and Parkinson’s disease
  • slow healty inflammations

Resources

  • meat and liver
  • green vegetables
vitamin c
Vitamin C

Acidum ascorbicum

slide9

Vitamin C

Symptoms of deficiency

- weight loss

  • dry skin
  • scurvy
  • Functions- important for keeping body tissues
  • hydroxylation of collagen and steroids
  • it’s powerful antioxidant
  • helps your body resist infections
  • Resources
  • hips
  • citruses
  • blackcurrant
  • green peppers
vitamin d
Vitamin D

Ergocalciferol(D2)

vitamin d11
Vitamin D
  • Functions
  • hormone, which sends a message to the intestines to increase the
  • absorption of calcium and phosphorus
  • helps to form and maintain strong bones and together with
  • minerals and hormones to promote bone mineralization

Symptoms of deficiency

- osteoporosis

- rickets

- tooth decay

Resources

- made in your body after exposure to ultraviolet rays from the Sun

- milk and milk products, yeast (provitamins)

- fish fat and oils

vitamin e
Vitamin E

α-tocopherol

vitamin e13
Functions

- prevention of cancer, abortions

and varicose veins

- powerful biological antioxidant

VitaminE

Symptoms of deficiency

- liver cells failure

- muscular metabolism and pregnancy disorder

Resources

- eggs, meat, milk

- cereal sprouts

- nuts

- vegetable oils

vitamin k
Vitamin K

Phyllquinone(K1)

slide15

Vitamin K

Functions

- makes six of the 13 proteins needed for blood clotting

Symptoms of deficiency

- spontaneous haemorrhage

- slow clotting of blood

Resources

- made by the bacteria that line the gastrointestinal tract

- green vegetables

slide16

Heighten requirement of vitamins

- by work with poisons and ionizing ray

- in period of increase

- in convalescence

- in gravidity

vocabulary
Vocabulary
  • Inevitable nezbytný
  • Harmful nebezpečný
  • Liver játra
  • Disorder porucha
  • Require být zapotřebí
  • Gastrointestinal trávicí
  • Fatigue únava
  • Cramps křeče
  • Involved in zapojený do
  • Inflammation zánět
  • Tissue tkáň
  • Increase růst
  • Clotting srážení
  • Pulses luštěniny
  • Scurvy kurděje