psycholinguistics l.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Psycholinguistics PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 9

Psycholinguistics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Psycholinguistics. Second language acquisition. Acquisition and learning. Acquisition Gradual development Communicative situations Learning Conscious process of accumulating knowledge Babies acquire language Long-term residents of a country acquire language. Language proficiency.

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript


Second language acquisition

acquisition and learning
Acquisition and learning
  • Acquisition
    • Gradual development
    • Communicative situations
  • Learning
    • Conscious process of accumulating knowledge
  • Babies acquire language
  • Long-term residents of a country acquire language
language proficiency
Language proficiency
  • Acquisition usually leads to greater proficiency
  • Some parts of the language are more difficult to acquire than others
    • Conrad effect
    • Think about linguistic strata
  • Lateralization
  • Teenagers are quicker at learning language (and math) than young children
    • Cognitive skills are important too
affective emotional filter
Affective (emotional) filter
  • A term used by Stephen Krashen
  • A barrier to acquisition
  • What activates the filter?
  • Teenage self-consciousness
  • Embarrassment about making funny sounds
  • No empathy with the foreign culture or its speakers
  • Boring textbooks
  • No interesting activities
  • Bad classroom environment
  • Exhausting schedule
teaching methods 1 grammar translation
Teaching methods: (1) Grammar translation
  • Like learning any other subject
  • Students learn vocabulary and (prescriptive) grammar rules
  • “Does not enable students to use language in the country”
    • This depends on the student!
    • It is probably not true of the people in this room
2 audiolingual method
(2) Audiolingual method
  • Advocated by Robert Lado
  • Essentially now discredited, because we now know that language acquisition is not a mechanical process
  • Habit formation
    • Based on drills (mechanical or meaningful)
    • Keep doing it until students perform without errors
    • (but of course they make errors in real life)
  • Syllabus (course plan) based on structure rather than functions
    • This week: Present tense, not this week: Going shopping in the USA
designer methods
Designer methods
  • The silent way
    • Teacher mostly remains silent. Students figure out language patterns using colored rods?!
    • Facilitates learning through discovery
  • TPR
    • Mostly for kids
    • Language input with body motions
    • Acting out stories, giving commands
    • Not really useful at advanced level
  • Suggestopedia (find a link yourself)
    • Flashcards, soothing music
    • Students are at a good state of “relaxed alertness”
    • Both it and TPR are supposed to stimulate right brain motor activity
communicative approach
Communicative approach
  • Emphasis is on function, not form
  • And on fluency and communicative quality, not grammatical and pronunciation errors
  • Different attitude to errors
    • They are part of the learning process
    • Just like broke – breaked – broke
  • Interesting and meaningful input
    • Materials from the real world
  • Task-based learning
    • Groups or pairs complete a task
    • It should have a non-linguistic outcome (doing something real, not just vocabulary matching or answering questions)
currently popular
Currently popular


Lexical approach

Data-driven learning (DDL)

Computer-assisted language learning (CALL)