Cricket By Jeffrey (Adopted from Wikipedia)
Cricket, the Mote? Nice Try!
Cricket, the Insect? Sorry, wrong again!
Match structure • The toss • The two opposing captains toss a coin before the match • the captain winning the toss chooses either to bat or bowl first • Overs • Each innings is divided into overs • each consisting of six consecutive legal deliveries bowled by the same bowler
Match structure • End of an innings • An innings is completed if • Ten out of eleven batsmen are 'out' (dismissed) — the team are all out. • The team has only one batsman left who can bat (the others being incapacitated either through injury, illness or absence) — again, the team are all out. • The team batting last reaches the score required to win the match. • The predetermined number of overs are bowled (in a one-day match only, usually 50 overs). • A captain declares his team's innings closed (this does not apply to one-day limited over matches)
Match structure • Playing time • Typically, two innings matches are played over three to five days with at least six hours of cricket being played each day. • One innings matches are usually played over one day for six hours or more. • There are formal intervals on each day for lunch and tea, and shorter breaks for drinks, where necessary. • There is also a short interval between innings.
Playing time • The game is only played in dry weather. • the game needs to be played in daylight • good enough for a batsman to be able to see the ball • Play is therefore halted during rain (but not usually drizzle) and when there is bad light.
Batting • Batsmen strike the ball from the batting crease, with the flat surface of a wooden bat.
Run scoring • To score a run • a striker must hit the ball and run to the opposite end of the pitch • while his non-striking partner runs to his end • To register a run, both runners must touch the ground behind the popping crease with either their bats or their bodies • If the striker hits the ball well enough • the batsmen may double back to score two or more runs
Run scoring • run out • If a fielder knocks the bails off the stumps with the ball • while no batsman is grounded behind the nearest popping crease • the nearest batsman is run out • If the ball goes over the boundary, then four runs are scored, or six if the ball has not bounced
Bowling • A bowler delivers the ball toward the batsmen • pace bowlers • spin bowlers
Dismissal of a batsman • ten ways in which a batsman may be dismissed • Caught • Bowled • Leg before wicket (lbw) • Run out • Stumped • Hit wicket • Handled the ball • Hit the ball twice • Obstructing the field • Timed out
Fielding • Fielders assist the bowlers in preventing runs • either by taking catches to dismiss a batsman • or by intercepting the ball and returning it to the pitch • The wicket-keeper is the only fielder permitted to wear gloves • A fielder may stop the ball with any part of their body
wicket-keeper • a specialist fielder who stands behind the batsman's wicket throughout the game. • to gather deliveries that the batsman fails to hit • to prevent them running into the outfield • which would enable batsmen to score byes
Forms of cricket • Test cricket • One-day cricket • Twenty20 Cricket
Test cricket • Test cricket is a form of international cricket • Test matches are two innings per side, usually played over five consecutive days • Tests that are not finished within the allotted time are drawn • Only ten test playing nations
One-day cricket • Limited overs matches • also known as one day cricket or instant cricket • due to the growing demands for a shorter and more dramatic form of cricket to stem the decline in attendances • One-day, single-innings, matches • limiting of each side's innings to an agreed number of overs (nowadays usually 50)
Twenty20 Cricket • A "Twenty20 Game" consists 20 overs per each side • Twenty20 World Championship would be held on an biannual basis • the first ever Twenty20 World Championship in South Africa in September 2007
International structure • The International Cricket Council (ICC) is the international governing body for cricket • It is headquartered in Dubai • It includes representatives of each of the ten Test-playing nations • as well as an elected panel representing non-Test-playing nations.
three tiers • highest level • Test-playing nations • They qualify automatically for the quadrennial World Cup matches • A rung lower • Associate Member nations • The lowermost rung • Affiliate Member nations
Cricket World Cup • the premier international championship of one day international men’s national cricket teams • A Women's Cricket World Cup is also held every four years • The most recent Cricket World Cup was held between 9 February and 24 March 2003, in Southern Africa • where Australia were crowned champions after beating India by 125 runs • The next tournament will be held in the West Indies in 2007 and will consist of 16 teams.