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Technologies for Homeland Security. Shana Dale Chief of Staff and General Counsel Office of Science and Technology Policy October 29, 2004. The President. Office of Management and Budget. Other Boards, Councils, etc. OSTP.

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Technologies for Homeland Security

Shana Dale

Chief of Staff and General Counsel

Office of Science and Technology Policy

October 29, 2004

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The President

Office of Management and Budget

Other Boards, Councils, etc.


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Role of White House Office of Science & Technology Policy

  • Advise the President

    • Provide S&T analysis and judgment with

      respect to major policies, plans, programs, & budgets

  • Lead the interagency effort to develop sound S&T policies and budgets

    • Set forth (along with OMB) the R&D priorities to guide the agencies when developing their budget

    • Co-chair National Science & Technology Council (NSTC)

      • Committee on Science

      • Committee on Technology

      • Committee on Environment & Natural Resources

      • Committee on National & Homeland Security

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OSTP Organization Chart




Associate Director

for Science

Associate Director

for Technology

Chief of Staff& General Counsel

Deputy Associate

Director forTechnology

Deputy Associate

Director for Science

Senior DirectorSecurity


DirectorNat. Security


DirectorHmld. Security


Director Life









DirectorEducation Social Science


DirectorSpace Aeronautics


DirectorTelecom & Infm. Tech







Office SupportComputing

Legal affairs

Legislative affairs

Budget analysis


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OSTP / OMB Guidance Memorandum for FY 06 R&D Priorities

  • Homeland Security R&D

  • Networking & Information Technology

  • Nanotechnology

  • Physical Sciences

  • Biology of Complex Systems

  • Climate, Water, and Hydrogen R&D

    **Each Agency is required to request a budget that

    sustains the research important for its mission

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NSTC: Coordination of Federal Policy and Interagency Programs

  • A Cabinet-level council of advisers to the President on Science and Technology

  • Principal means to coordinate science and technology matters within the Federal research and development enterprise

  • Means to establish clear national goals for Federal science and technology investments

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Legend Programs


Under development


Director, OSTP

Current NSTCStructureSeptember 2004

Committee on

Environment &

Natural Resources

Committee on


Committee on


Committee on

Homeland and

National Security

WH: Olsen, NSF: Bement,

NIH: Zerhouni

WH: Russell

DOC: Bond

WH: Olsen,

EPA: Gilman,

DOC: Lautenbacher

WH: Dale

DOD: Wynne

DHS: McQueary

Research Business Models

Education & Workforce Dev.

Technology Dev.

Large Scale Science

Global Change Research

National Security R&D


Networking & Information




Air Quality Research

Human Subjects Research

IWG Physics of the Universe

Disaster Reduction

Nanoscale Science, Eng.

& Technology


IWG Plant Genome


WMD Medical


IWG Dom. Animal Genomics

Manufacturing Research and Development

Toxics & Risks

IWG Prion Research


IWG Trans-boarder Samples

Water Availability & Quality

IWG Multinational Orgs

IWG Earth Observations

R&D Investment Criteria

Research Misconduct Policy




IWG on Dioxin

Social, Behavioral & Econ.


Health and the Environment

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National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) Programs

  • Three priority objectives for homeland security:

    1. Prevent terrorist attacks within the U.S.

    2. Reduce America’s vulnerability to terrorism

    3. Minimize damage and recover from attacks

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National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) – Cont’d.

  • Critical Mission Areas:- Intelligence & Warning- Border & Transportation Security- Domestic Counterterrorism- Protecting Critical Infrastructure & Assets- Defending against Catastrophic Threats- Emergency Preparedness & Response

  • Foundations:- Law- Science & Technology- Information Sharing & Systems- International Cooperation

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National Strategy for Homeland Security (July 2002) – Cont’d.

  • S&T Priorities (in S&T Foundations Chapter):- CBRN Countermeasures- Systems for Detecting Hostile Intent- Biometric Technology- Technical Capabilities of First Responders- R&D Coordination- Homeland Security Laboratories- Technical Analysis- Rapid Prototyping- Demonstrations & Pilot Deployments- Standards for Homeland Security Technology- Cutting edge Research

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Defending Against Catastrophic Threats (Biological) Cont’d.

  • Detection: Biosurveillance Initiative

    • National Biosurveillance Integration System (health and intelligence data integration)

    • Project BioWatch (biological sensors)

    • Project BioSense (analysis of key medical data)

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Defending Against Catastrophic Threats (Biological) – Cont’d.

  • Medical Countermeasures: Bioshield

    - Develop & stockpile drugs, vaccines & medical equipment for rapid distribution in emergency situation

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Biometrics Cont’d.

  • NSTC Interagency Working Group on Biometrics

  • U.S.-VISIT is up and operating

  • Several projects are underway to further test biometrics technologies

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Detecting Hostile Intent – Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences

  • Basic research in human & social dynamics

  • Detection of deception

  • DHS Center of Excellence in Behavioral and Social Aspects of Terrorism and Counter-Terrorism

  • Coordination through NSTC’s Social, Behavioral & Economic Sciences Subcommittee

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1 Economic Sciencesst Responder Technology

  • Speed existing technology to the field

  • Develop standards to guide state/local technology purchases

  • Research and Technology Development- Interoperable Communications- Search & Rescue Robotics

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1 Economic Sciencesst Responder Technology (Cont’d)

  • Medical Emergency Preparedness- Noble Training Center- HHS guides for deploying medical countermeasures

  • Emergency Planning- Protective Action Guides (PAGs)- Critical Infrastructure Protection – Decision Support System (CIP-DSS)

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Conclusion Economic Sciences

“We refuse to remain idle while modern technology might be turned against us; we will rally the great promise of American science and innovation to confront the greatest danger of our time.”

--President Bush, July 21, 2004