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Week 01 - Introduction Class Agenda Attendance Introductory Lecture SKETCHUP Demonstration BAUHAUS video Visual Studies as “Foundation” Historical Background of “Foundation” Bauhaus School Germany. Chicago School of Design. Paul Klee. Pedagogical Sketchbook . 1925

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class agenda
Class Agenda

Attendance

Introductory Lecture

SKETCHUP Demonstration

BAUHAUS video

historical background of foundation
Historical Background of “Foundation”

Bauhaus School Germany.

Chicago School of Design.

Paul Klee. Pedagogical Sketchbook. 1925

Wassily Kandinsky. Point and Line to Plane. 1926

Gyorgy Kepes. Language of Vision. 1944

Numerous textbooks have appeared since World War II which describe the "language" of design as a "vocabulary" of elements (point, line, plane, color, texture) arranged according to a "grammar" of formal contrasts (dark/light, static/dynamic, positive/negative).

what the foundation year is about
What the foundation year is about.

Foundation year is (should be) about exploration.

Students are exposed to different media , techniques, ideas.

According to Bauhaus instructors, students have different sensibilities. Some are attuned to rhythm, some to material, some to contour, some to color. Combinations, of course.

Additionally, an analogy can be made to teaching music. Music instruction starts out with teaching of scales. Exercises to be exposed to, learn, and understand the fundamentals first.

Bauhaus educational system, is in some ways a reference point.

(difference from old Beaux-Arts methods of instruction).

Identify the strengths, and the weaknesses.

Learn to give and receive criticism.

difference between wvc and architecture school
Difference between wvc and architecture school

Trying to provide a similar experience.

Perhaps wvc is more introductory level.

Wvc does not have a 24 hour studio , as do most U.S. architecture schools.

Students learn a lot from each other. (critiques , techniques )

design education
Design Education

The basics are the same.

Some architectural schools are more “real world” nuts and bolts, some are more abstract.

This course will combine both elements.

Both attitudes and viewpoints are necessary and valid.

instructor education background
Instructor Education Background

University of Michigan . B.S. Arch

Architectural Association 1 year in Diploma School

Cooper Union B.Arch

3 different approaches.

Licensed and Practicing Architect.

what is architecture from ching introduction
What is Architecture (from Ching Introduction)
  • Architectural Systems
  • 1. The Architecture of Space , Structure , Enclosure
  • 2. Experienced through Movement in Space-Time
  • 3. Achieved by means of Technology
  • 4. Accommodating a Program
  • In relationship with its Context
  • This class will touch on all 5 of these main points.
what is architecture from ching introduction10
What is Architecture (from Ching Introduction)
  • Architectural Orders
  • PHYSICAL - Form and Space
    • Solids and voids
    • Interior and Exterior
  • PERCEPTUAL - Sensory perception and recognition of the physical elements by experiencing them sequentially in time.
  • CONCEPTUAL - Comprehension of the ordered or disordered relationships among a building’s elements and systems, and responding to the meanings they evoke.
  • A project can have a CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE , just as it can have a physical structure.
3 tracks to class
3 Tracks to Class
  • Reading Form Space and Order. Ching. Lecture and Discussion in class.
  • Projects - Architectural. Consisting of Program , Parameters, requiring a “rationale” or “concept” and graphical solution.
  • Exercises - Visual Studies. 2d and 3d Composition. Abstract.
goals of class
Goals of Class
  • Experience the “Design Process”. Design = Process + Product
  • Craftsmanship skills. Quality “Products”
  • Learn to communicate design ideas graphically, in written form, verbally. Present ideas and products in class.
  • Explore various 2d and 3d media. Drawing, Ink, Color, model building.
  • Conversant in vocabulary of architectural design. Ability to formulate and communicate a “rationale”.
  • Develop a sensibility of Composition in your work.
  • Begin to develop ability to engage architectural ideas conceptually.
reading form space and order francis d k ching
Reading. Form Space and Order. Francis D.K. Ching
  • Primary Elements
  • Form
  • Form and Space
  • Organization
  • Circulation
  • Proportion and Scale
  • Principles
materials for studio work
Materials for studio work

Parallel Rule and Board (recommended, not required).

Illustration Board 15” x 20” . (a few sheets)

Architects’ Scale

Ink Pens (Technical Pens recommended)

Tracing Paper. 18” roll and 12” roll

Acrylic Paints (red, blue, yellow, white, black) ; Assorted Brushes

#1 X-Acto Knife

Rubber Cement

Cutting Mat Board

Metal Straight Edge

Flexible Curve

Technical Compass (ideally with beam extension and inking attachment).

Sketch Pad

Drafting Tape

Other items per syllabus.

art stores
Art Stores
  • West Valley College Bookstore has some items.
  • University Arts. San Jose and Palo Alto.
  • Pearl Paint. San Francisco. Market Street 6th
  • Michael’s Arts and Crafts
  • Arch. San Francisco
parallel rule
Parallel Rule

16” x 20”

18” x 24”

Price around $50

Much better than T Square

24” x 30” $125

tracing paper
Tracing Paper

12” ok for now.

Comes in yellow and white color.

illustration board
Illustration Board

Crescent No. 1 Cold Press 15” x 20”

inking pens
Inking Pens

005, 01, 02, 03, 05, 08 widths.

architects scale
Architects Scale

Triangular

1/8” and ¼”

$10 or so

bow compass with extension
Bow Compass with Extension

Should get 6” compass

With 6” minimum beam extension.

Around $30 - $40

Not required, but very useful in drawing larger diameter circles.

universal compass adapter
Universal Compass Adapter

Used to attach technical pens and x-acto knives to compass.

Around $5 to 9

technical pens
Technical Pens

Rapidograph

Or Mars Staedtler

Set of 4 is adequate;

Can start out using disposable graphic pens (sakura or similar) less expensive

non utilitarian object
Non-Utilitarian Object

Fur lined coffee cup. Meret Oppenheim

non utilitarian object35
Non-Utilitarian Object

Optical Illusion a la M.C.Escher

non utilitarian object36
Non-Utilitarian Object

Rube Goldberg Machine - crazy process

non utilitarian object37
Non-Utilitarian Object

She sits down to eat in scale (A) - As weight increases, magnet (B) moves toward small steel bar (C), picking it up and tilting groove (D) - Golf ball (E) drops in ant-hill (F) - Beginner golfer (G) takes swing at ball, misses it and knocks chunk out of ant-hill, scattering ants - Anteater (H) goes after ants, moving table away from hungry lady, allowing her to preserve her beautiful figure.

Rube Goldberg Machine - dieting device

non utilitarian object39
Non-Utilitarian Object

Japanese Gadgets

non utilitarian object40
Non-Utilitarian Object

Japanese Gadgets

what is architecture from ching introduction41
What is Architecture (from Ching Introduction)
  • Architectural Orders
  • PHYSICAL - Form and Space
    • Solids and voids
    • Interior and Exterior
  • PERCEPTUAL - Sensory perception and recognition of the physical elements by experiencing them sequentially in time.
  • CONCEPTUAL - Comprehension of the ordered or disordered relationships among a building’s elements and systems, and responding to the meanings they evoke.
  • A project can have a CONCEPTUAL STRUCTURE , just as it can have a physical structure.
architectural issues outline
Architectural Issues Outline
  • (Design) Process
  • Object / Form
  • Space / Form
  • Use (Function)
  • Site (Place)
  • Detail / Construction
  • Cultural / Meaning / Aesthetics
  • (Design) Concept
  • ----------------------------------------------------
  • Cost
  • Implementation
  • Professional Practice
architectural issues
Architectural Issues
  • The previous issues should be referenced in analyzing existing works ofa architecture and also in conceptualizing and critiquing your own work.
  • Different projects put a higher priority on different aspects.
  • A key question is: What is the design concept? What is the project about?
  • This class is about DRAWING, but perhaps it is even more about THINKING.
architectonic form
Architectonic Form

Interrelation of Volumes Georges Vantongerloo

1 0 reading form space and order francis d k ching
1.0 Reading. Form Space and Order. Francis D.K. Ching
  • Primary Elements
  • Form
  • Form and Space
  • Organization
  • Circulation
  • Proportion and Scale
  • Principles
primary elements
Primary Elements

From Point to Line to Plane to Volume.

line in architecture
Line in Architecture

Form Space and Order. Ching

slide51
Line

Spiral Jetty Robert Smithson. 1986

slide52
Line

Curves Georges Vantongerloo.

slide54
Line

Salk Institute Louis Kahn. 1967

composition
Composition

Subdivision of a Ground Sheet by Lines. Student Work.

the circle
The Circle

Form Space and Order Ching

the triangle
The Triangle

Form Space and Order Ching

the square
The Square

Form Space and Order Ching

from line to plane
From Line to Plane

Form Space and Order. Ching

plane
Plane

Ching. Form Space and Order

mies van der rohe
Mies van der Rohe

Brick Country House Plan.

volume elements in architecture
Volume Elements in Architecture

Form Space and Order. Ching.

volume elements in architecture63
Volume Elements in Architecture

Form Space and Order. Ching.

architectural volume
Architectural Volume

Ronchamps Cathedral. Le Corbusier

architectural volume65
Architectural Volume

Falk House. Peter Eisenman. 1969-70

platonic solids cones
Platonic Solids - Cones

Cenotaph Conique. Boullee

platonic solids sphere
Platonic Solids - Sphere

Project for an Agricultural Lodge Ledoux

buckminster fuller
Buckminster Fuller

U.S. Pavilion. Montreal Expo Buckminster Fuller. 1967