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Bellringer

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Bellringer

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  1. Bellringer Jake and his partner forgot to write the girls names • Identify the parts of speech for each word. • Mark the subject and verb for the sentence. • Make appropriate corrections to the sentence.

  2. The EightParts of Speech Review

  3. Types of Nouns Person – students, teacher, Mr. Jones, Shakespeare Place – school, Iowa, home Thing – yard stick, belt, referral Idea – sadness, love, surprise Categories of Nouns Common – bridge, river Proper – Tim, New Orleans Concrete – shoe, car Abstract – truth, love, beauty Singular – detention Plural - detentions 1. Nouns

  4. 2. Personal Pronouns • A pronoun is a word used in place of a noun or another pronoun • An antecedent is the word that a pronoun replaces • Ex. Tim forgot his book in his locker and so was given 10 Saturday detentions. Antecedent Pronoun

  5. Personal Pronouns When you are writing papers in this class you will NOT use first or second person personal pronouns!

  6. Other Kinds of Pronouns • Reflexive Pronouns: reflects the subject of the sentence – there will always be at least one word between a reflexive pronoun and its antecedent. • Ex. Luke Skywalker made himself a lightsaber. • Intensive Pronoun: emphasizes a noun or pronoun in the same sentence – almost always comes right after its antecedent. • Ex. Luke Skywalker himself blew up the Death Star. • Reflexive and intensive pronouns are formed by adding –self or –selves to personal pronouns.

  7. Other Kinds of Pronouns • Demonstrative Pronouns: point out specific things: this, these, that, and those • Ex. I prefer my chair to that over there. • Indefinite Pronouns: refer to things not specifically identified – usually don’t have antecedents – another, nothing, on, both, all, any, more, etc. • Ex. Everyone loves Star Wars!

  8. Other Kinds of Pronouns • Interrogative Pronoun: introduces a question – who, whom, whose, which, what • Ex. Who is Luke Skywalker? • Relative Pronoun: introduces a noun or adjective clause – who, whom, whose, which, that • Ex. Luke Skywalker, who is the coolest person ever, flies in space.

  9. 3. Verbs Expresses an action, a condition, or a state of being. • Action Verb: expresses an…action! • Transitive verb: takes an object • Object: noun that receives the action (Q: who or what?) • Ex. Timmy kicked the cat. • The cat is the object because it is the thing being kicked. • Intransitive verb: does not take an object. • Ex. Mr. Jones snores at night.

  10. Verbs • Linking Verbs: a verb that links the subject to a word in the predicate. • Two forms of linking verbs • Forms of to be • is, am, are, was, were, been, being • Ex. Star Wars is the coolest movie ever. • Verbs that express condition • look, smell, feel, sound, taste, seem, etc. • Ex. Darth Vader looks scary.

  11. Verbs Helping Verbs (or Auxiliary Verbs) and Verb Phrases • Helping verbs combine with other verbs to create verb phrases • Verb phrases express a tense • Ex. I will be getting a lightsaber for Christmas. I have gotten a lightsaber for Christmas.

  12. 4. Adjectives An adjective modifies the meaning of a noun or pronoun. • Ex. Greenlightsabers, fivelightsabers, etc. Proper adjectives: formed from proper nouns, capitalized • Shakespearean, Jamaican, etc.

  13. 5. Adverbs An adverb modifies a verb, adjective, or another adverb. Often (but not always) ends in –ly. • Ex. Mike scrambled quickly from the bee hive. • Ex. He was extremely upset. • He had knocked down the hive quiteaccidentally.

  14. 6. Prepositions

  15. Prepositional Phrases A preposition shows the relationship between a noun and another word in the sentence. A prepositional phrase starts with the preposition and ends with the next noun which is called the object of the preposition. Ex. Luke Skywalker is the coolest person in the galaxy. object preposition

  16. 7. Conjunctions A conjunction connects words together. • Coordinating conjunction: • FANBOYS: for, and, nor, but, or, yet, so – memorize it! • Correlative Conjunctions: • Ex. both…and, neither…nor, either…or, not only…but also.

  17. 7. Conjunctions A conjunction connects words together. • Subordinating conjunction: A subordinating conjunction is a word that connects a subordinating clause to a main clause.

  18. 7. Conjunctions

  19. 7. Conjunctions Understanding Conjunctive Adverbs: (therefore, however) “He came home late; however, his mother didn’t hear him.”

  20. 8. Interjections An interjection is a word or phrase the expresses a feeling. • A strong interjection (Stop!) is followed by an exclamation point. • A mild interjections (Oh,) is followed by a comma. • Ex. Wow! This was the most exciting slide ever! • Ex. Um, not really.

  21. Writing Practice Write a five-sentence paragraph that uses all eight parts of speech.