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Providing First Aid & Handling Emergencies: First Aid for Choking, Rescue Breathing, And CPR Chapter 35, Lesson 3 Target Group: 8 th grade students in a classroom setting. BY: Katie Duffy Andrew Lebovic Melissa Rodriguez Heather Purvis. Purpose:.

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by katie duffy andrew lebovic melissa rodriguez heather purvis

Providing First Aid & Handling Emergencies:First Aid for Choking, Rescue Breathing, And CPR Chapter 35, Lesson 3Target Group: 8th grade students in a classroom setting

BY:

Katie Duffy

Andrew Lebovic

Melissa Rodriguez

Heather Purvis

purpose
Purpose:

To arm you with the ammunition to combat the worst of emergency situations.

what you need to know
What you need to know:
  • Define key terms listed under vocabulary list
  • Learn proper first aid administration techniques, as well as learn proper CPR and rescue breathing techniques
  • Learn the importance of emergency medicine
  • Learn proper prevention methods concerning emergency medicine
changing your attitude
Changing your attitude…
  • Feel comfortable with emergency situations
  • Have a feeling of empowerment by being able to identify emergency situations
what you will be able to do
What you will be able to do:
  • List the steps for aiding a choking adult, child, and infant
  • Demonstrate the process for administering rescue breathing for adults, children, and infants; demonstrate the steps for administering CPR for adults, children, and infants
key terms
Key Terms

-Abdominal thrusts (Heimlich maneuver)

-respiratory failure

-carotid pulse

-cardiovascular failure

-cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR)

-Xiphoid Process

-Automated External Defibrillator (AED)

incidences of sudden cardiac arrest
Incidences of Sudden Cardiac Arrest
  • From Coronary Heart Disease
  • 900+ times/day in the US
  • >AGE 35= 1/1000 per year
  • <Age 35= 1/100000 per year
incidences of choking 2001
Incidences of Choking(2001)
  • <14 years old

-17,537 treated in ER

FOOD-60%

NONFOOD-31%

Not Reported-9%

*6TH LEADING CAUSE OF DEATH IN U.S.(GLENCOE HEALTH)

survival statistics
Survival Statistics
  • Increased chance of survival with CPR and AED use.

-3 to 5 min window

*only 24.7% of Cardiac arrest cases received Bystander CPR.

(Personal communication, Seattle Medic One, Aug. 2, 2005)

steps for aiding a choking person
Steps for aiding a choking person

-ADULT- (Conscious choking)

1. Encourage forceful coughing

2. Administer five back blows between shoulder blades

3. Administer five abdominal thrusts

steps for aiding a choking person cont
Steps for aiding a choking Person cont.

-ADULT- (Unconscious choking)

1. Call 9-1-1

1. Attempt two rescue breaths

2. Give 15 chest compressions

3. Check victim's mouth for obstruction and remove if possible

4. If no obstruction, continue with second set of 15 chest compressions

5. Give 2 rescue breaths if chest rises

steps for aiding a choking person cont14
Steps for aiding a choking Person cont.

-CHILD- (conscious choking)

1. Encourage forceful coughing

2. Administer five (5) back blows between shoulder blades

3. Administer five (5) abdominal thrusts

steps for aiding a choking person cont15
Steps for aiding a choking Person cont.

-CHILD- (Unconscious choking)

1. Call 9-1-1

2. Attempt two rescue breaths

3. Give five chest thrusts

4. Look in victim's mouth for obstruction and remove if possible

5. Repeat cycle of rescue breaths, chest thrusts and mouth sweep until two rescue breaths are achieved

steps for aiding a choking person cont16
Steps for aiding a choking Person cont.

-Infants- (Conscious)

1. Turn infant face down and give five back blows

2. Give five chest thrusts (using 2 or 3 fingers)

steps for aiding a choking person cont17
Steps for aiding a choking Person cont.

-Infants- (Unconscious)

1. Call 9-1-1

2. Attempt two rescue breaths

3. Give five chest thrusts

4. Look in victim's mouth for obstruction and remove if possible

5. Repeat cycle of rescue breaths, chest thrusts and mouth sweep until two rescue breaths are achieved

process for administering rescue breathing
Process for administering rescue breathing

Rescue Barriers

*always use to protect yourself and victim

rescue breathing process
Rescue Breathing Process

ADULT/CHILD/INFANT

1. Tilt head back

2. Pinch nose

rescue breathing process cont
Rescue Breathing Process cont.

3. Give two normal breaths (give time for exhalation between breaths)

* If chest does not rise, tilt head more

process for administering cpr
Process for administering CPR

http://depts.washington.edu/learncpr/video.html

prevention methods
Prevention Methods

1. Avoid food that can be a choking hazard

2. Keep dangerous household items away

3. Supervise children

4. Red Cross for kids

5. Learn Information on emergency medicine

review of key points
Review of Key Points

-Cardiovascular Disease #1 cause of death overall

-Accidents #1 cause of death in 14 year olds

-Food #1 reason for choking

-Only ¼ cardiac arrest victims received bystander CPR

-Be familiar with prevention methods