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Safe Student Loading and Unloading 2008 - 2009 Washington State School Bus Driver Inservice Introduction The danger zone Mirror adjustment School bus stop locations Safe Loading and Unloading Student Instruction The Danger Zone The 10-foot area around the bus. The Safe Walk Zone

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SafeStudent Loading and Unloading

2008 - 2009

Washington State

School Bus Driver Inservice


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Introduction

  • The danger zone

  • Mirror adjustment

  • School bus stop locations

  • Safe Loading and Unloading

  • Student Instruction


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The Danger Zone

The 10-foot area around the bus.


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The Safe Walk Zone

Front

Where drivers expect kids to walk.


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Why it’s the danger zone.

The driver can’t see them

Increased risk

Where it is safe to walk?

Instruction to Students



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Left and Right Flat Mirrors

Adjusted so the driver can see:

  • 200 feet behind the bus.

    • That is 5 - forty foot bus lengths

  • Just along the sides of the bus.


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Left Flat Mirror Correct Adjustment

200 Feet

Visible behind bus

Only

“1 inch”

of bus ‘showing’ in the mirror


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INCORRECT Mirror Adjustment

Most of the mirror

just shows the side

of the bus


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200 Feet

Visible behind bus

Only

1 inch of bus showing

Right Flat Mirror

Correct Adjustment


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INCORRECT Mirror Adjustment

Mirror doesn’t show the rear wheels

Too much

of the bus shows in the mirror


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Left and Right Convex Mirrors

  • The side of the bus up to the mirror mounts

  • Front of the rear tires touching the ground

  • At least one traffic lane on either side (12’ out – 32’ back)


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12 feet out at

32 feet back from the front bumper


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12 feet out at

32 feet back from the front bumper


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Left and Right Cross-view Mirrors

  • From the front bumper at ground level to direct vision area.

  • The front tires at the ground.

  • Front of the bus to the door.

  • Overlap direct and mirror vision.


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Left

cross-view mirror



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Interior Rearview Mirror

  • The top of the rear window

  • The first row of seats


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Interior Rearview Mirror

CORRECT Adjustment

The mirror

is just showing

the rear window …

… and the front row of seats


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Too much of

the bus ceiling …

… and not enough of the front seats

Interior Rearview Mirror

INCORRECT Adjustment



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Requirements for School Bus Stop Locations

  • Cannot require students to cross three or more lanes of traffic.

  • Except: traffic signal or adult crossing guard within 300’.

    WAC 392-145-011 (5)


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Requirements for School Bus Stop Locations

  • Not located on a hill or curve without 500 feet of visibility

  • If 500 feet is not possible, either a sign should be provided or the stop should be relocated.

    WAC 392-145-011 (6)


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School Bus Stop LocationsOther Considerations

  • Must have sufficient room for students to safely wait off the roadway

  • Look for well-lit, open areas


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Prohibited School Bus Stop Locations

  • Within or blocking intersections

  • On a sidewalk

  • On a planting strip

  • On a crosswalk

    (RCW 46.61.570)



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A Driver’s Responsibility

Safe Student

Loading and Unloading

Each Stop – Every Day

WAC 392-145-060 (3)


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A Driver’s Responsibility

Know and follow the

laws and regulations for

loading and unloading students

Check for sleeping kids

at the end of each route.


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STUDENT STOPSLOADING & UNLOADING ON THE ROAD


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KEEP CHECKING YOUR MIRRORS


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On the Road – School Bus Stop

Check your mirrors!

Activate the alternating flashing amber lights before the school bus stop:

  • Speed limit 35 mph or less

    100 to 300 feet

  • Speed limit more than 35 mph

    300 to 500 feet

    Check your mirrors!


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On the Road - Bus Stop cont.

  • Slowly approach and stop

    Check your mirrors!

  • Set parking brake – Transmission in N

    Check your mirrors!

  • Activate red alternating flashing lights

    (with the switch -- not the door)

  • Check your mirrors & open the door.


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On the Road – Bus Stop cont.

  • If students are crossing, signal when it is safe to cross

  • In the PM, students wait 10 feet in front of the bus.

  • Keep track of where the students are .… watch them until they get on the bus or leave the stop

  • Keep checking your mirrors.


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On the Road – Bus Stop cont.

  • Close the door

  • AM: when all students are seated, cancel the 8-way lights

    Check your mirrors

  • Transmission in gear, release the parking brake, check your mirrors and proceed.


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When NOT to Use the 8-Light System:

  • On school property

  • Loading & unloading off the road

  • While backing or at RR crossings

  • To assist another school bus driver to control traffic


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Off The Road StopsStudent Loading & Unloading


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Off the Road – School Bus Stop

Check your mirrors!

  • Activate the right turn signal

    Check your mirrors!

  • Carefully pull off - approach the bus stop - make a complete stop

    Check your mirrors!

  • Cancel the turn signal


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Off the Road – Bus Stop cont.

Check your mirrors!

  • Set the parking brake

  • Place the transmission in neutral

  • Activate the 4-way hazard lights

    Keep checking your mirrors!

  • Keep light pressure on the brake


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Off the Road – Bus Stop cont.

Keep checking your mirrors

  • Open the door, keeping track of the kids and where they are

  • Make sure the students are safe

    Check your mirrors

  • Close door, transmission in gear and release the parking brake


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Off the Road – Bus Stop cont.

Keep checking your mirrors

  • Cancel the hazard lights and engage the left turn signal

    Check your mirrors…

  • Watch for unexpected students

    Check your mirrors

  • Merge back into the traffic


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State regulation requires the use of the parking brake every time you are loading or unloading passengers. 

WAC 392-145-060 (10)


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School ZoneLoading and Unloading


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School Zone Loading/Unloading

Keep checking your mirrors

  • Approach the load zone w/ care

  • Set the parking brake

  • Transmission in neutral/park

  • Turn off the engine

  • Check your mirrors - open door

  • Monitor students


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School Zone Loading/Unload cont.

  • AM: walk through the bus for forgotten items or sleepers

  • Minimize idling in the load zone

  • Remove the key if leaving bus.

  • If backing is necessary, have another adult assist you.


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Loading and UnloadingTurnaround Stops


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Turnaround Stops

  • Any turnaround stop requires specific, previous authorization

  • Back into least traveled portion

  • AM: Load students, then back

  • PM: Back first, then unload



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Inclement Weather Routes and Stops

  • Let dispatch know if the roadway conditions change after the routes or stops are established

    (Example: a new road is put in)


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Road Construction

  • Let dispatch know if you see a sign indicating scheduled road construction

  • Emergency road closures – don’t release students without notification or authorization.


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Stop location

  • Let dispatch know if, as students move in and out of a neighborhood, conditions change and a different stop location provides more safety.


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Heavy Traffic Stops

  • AM

    • Students at the stop early

    • Wait until all kids are seated

  • PM have students:

    • Move forward

    • Be ready to disembark

    • Wait for all students to clear


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Courteous Driving

  • At all times, represent the school district in a professional manner

  • If you have traffic backed up from student loading/unloading, do what you can to safely let traffic clear



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Student Instruction

  • Walk safely to the bus stop

  • Arrive early (district procedure)

  • Respect private property and use good behavior at the stop

  • Load the bus single file –

    no pushing or shoving


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Student Instruction, cont.

  • If they cross the road to the bus:

    • Wait for the Driver’s signal

    • Cross 10’ in front of the bus

    • Never cross behind the bus

    • Stay out of the Danger Zone

  • Always use the handrail getting on or off the bus


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Student Instruction, cont.

  • Only get off the bus at your assigned bus stop (follow district procedure)

  • Stay seated until the bus comes to a complete stop

  • Look both ways as you step off the bus


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Bus Stop Behavior

  • Drivers have responsibility to report students misbehaving at bus stops

  • School districts have responsibility for the safety of students

    • To and from the school bus stop (some)

    • Getting on and off the school bus

    • While the student is on the bus


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Parents or Unauthorized Individuals on the School Bus


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Insistent and Concerned Parent

  • Assure them you would like to talk about their concerns

  • Give them a name and phone #

  • Remind them you have a schedule

  • Ask them to step off the bus

  • Warn them of any further action


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Unauthorized Individuals

  • Try to keep them off the bus

  • If they get on the bus, keep asking them to leave

  • Call for 911

  • Try to stay calm and keep your students calm

  • Make notes about the intruder


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Laws Protecting Bus Drivers

RCW 28A.635.090

Interference by force or violence

  • It’s unlawful for any person … to interfere by force or violence with any … classified employee, (or) person under contract with the … school district … in the … conduct of his or her duties ….


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Laws Protecting Drivers, cont.

RCW 28A.635.100

Intimidating any … classified employee … by threat of force or violence is unlawful.

Both violations are gross misdemeanors with $500 fines and six months in jail.


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Summary

  • Remember the danger zone

  • Adjust your mirrors

  • Always use the correct procedures

  • Keep training students

    You Do A Great Job…

    THANKS FOR KEEPING KIDS SAFE!