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Safe Student Loading and Unloading 2008 - 2009 Washington State School Bus Driver Inservice Introduction The danger zone Mirror adjustment School bus stop locations Safe Loading and Unloading Student Instruction The Danger Zone The 10-foot area around the bus. The Safe Walk Zone

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safe student loading and unloading
SafeStudent Loading and Unloading

2008 - 2009

Washington State

School Bus Driver Inservice

introduction
Introduction
  • The danger zone
  • Mirror adjustment
  • School bus stop locations
  • Safe Loading and Unloading
  • Student Instruction
slide3

The Danger Zone

The 10-foot area around the bus.

slide4

The Safe Walk Zone

Front

Where drivers expect kids to walk.

slide5
Why it’s the danger zone.

The driver can’t see them

Increased risk

Where it is safe to walk?

Instruction to Students

left and right flat mirrors
Left and Right Flat Mirrors

Adjusted so the driver can see:

  • 200 feet behind the bus.
    • That is 5 - forty foot bus lengths
  • Just along the sides of the bus.
slide8

Left Flat Mirror Correct Adjustment

200 Feet

Visible behind bus

Only

“1 inch”

of bus ‘showing’ in the mirror

slide9

INCORRECT Mirror Adjustment

Most of the mirror

just shows the side

of the bus

slide10

200 Feet

Visible behind bus

Only

1 inch of bus showing

Right Flat Mirror

Correct Adjustment

slide11

INCORRECT Mirror Adjustment

Mirror doesn’t show the rear wheels

Too much

of the bus shows in the mirror

left and right convex mirrors
Left and Right Convex Mirrors
  • The side of the bus up to the mirror mounts
  • Front of the rear tires touching the ground
  • At least one traffic lane on either side (12’ out – 32’ back)
slide13

12 feet out at

32 feet back from the front bumper

slide14

12 feet out at

32 feet back from the front bumper

left and right cross view mirrors
Left and Right Cross-view Mirrors
  • From the front bumper at ground level to direct vision area.
  • The front tires at the ground.
  • Front of the bus to the door.
  • Overlap direct and mirror vision.
slide16

Left

cross-view mirror

interior rearview mirror
Interior Rearview Mirror
  • The top of the rear window
  • The first row of seats
slide19

Interior Rearview Mirror

CORRECT Adjustment

The mirror

is just showing

the rear window …

… and the front row of seats

slide20

Too much of

the bus ceiling …

… and not enough of the front seats

Interior Rearview Mirror

INCORRECT Adjustment

requirements for school bus stop locations
Requirements for School Bus Stop Locations
  • Cannot require students to cross three or more lanes of traffic.
  • Except: traffic signal or adult crossing guard within 300’.

WAC 392-145-011 (5)

requirements for school bus stop locations23
Requirements for School Bus Stop Locations
  • Not located on a hill or curve without 500 feet of visibility
  • If 500 feet is not possible, either a sign should be provided or the stop should be relocated.

WAC 392-145-011 (6)

school bus stop locations other considerations
School Bus Stop LocationsOther Considerations
  • Must have sufficient room for students to safely wait off the roadway
  • Look for well-lit, open areas
prohibited school bus stop locations
Prohibited School Bus Stop Locations
  • Within or blocking intersections
  • On a sidewalk
  • On a planting strip
  • On a crosswalk

(RCW 46.61.570)

a driver s responsibility
A Driver’s Responsibility

Safe Student

Loading and Unloading

Each Stop – Every Day

WAC 392-145-060 (3)

a driver s responsibility28
A Driver’s Responsibility

Know and follow the

laws and regulations for

loading and unloading students

Check for sleeping kids

at the end of each route.

on the road school bus stop
On the Road – School Bus Stop

Check your mirrors!

Activate the alternating flashing amber lights before the school bus stop:

  • Speed limit 35 mph or less

100 to 300 feet

  • Speed limit more than 35 mph

300 to 500 feet

Check your mirrors!

on the road bus stop cont
On the Road - Bus Stop cont.
  • Slowly approach and stop

Check your mirrors!

  • Set parking brake – Transmission in N

Check your mirrors!

  • Activate red alternating flashing lights

(with the switch -- not the door)

  • Check your mirrors & open the door.
on the road bus stop cont33
On the Road – Bus Stop cont.
  • If students are crossing, signal when it is safe to cross
  • In the PM, students wait 10 feet in front of the bus.
  • Keep track of where the students are .… watch them until they get on the bus or leave the stop
  • Keep checking your mirrors.
on the road bus stop cont34
On the Road – Bus Stop cont.
  • Close the door
  • AM: when all students are seated, cancel the 8-way lights

Check your mirrors

  • Transmission in gear, release the parking brake, check your mirrors and proceed.
when not to use the 8 light system
When NOT to Use the 8-Light System:
  • On school property
  • Loading & unloading off the road
  • While backing or at RR crossings
  • To assist another school bus driver to control traffic
off the road school bus stop
Off the Road – School Bus Stop

Check your mirrors!

  • Activate the right turn signal

Check your mirrors!

  • Carefully pull off - approach the bus stop - make a complete stop

Check your mirrors!

  • Cancel the turn signal
off the road bus stop cont
Off the Road – Bus Stop cont.

Check your mirrors!

  • Set the parking brake
  • Place the transmission in neutral
  • Activate the 4-way hazard lights

Keep checking your mirrors!

  • Keep light pressure on the brake
off the road bus stop cont39
Off the Road – Bus Stop cont.

Keep checking your mirrors

  • Open the door, keeping track of the kids and where they are
  • Make sure the students are safe

Check your mirrors

  • Close door, transmission in gear and release the parking brake
off the road bus stop cont40
Off the Road – Bus Stop cont.

Keep checking your mirrors

  • Cancel the hazard lights and engage the left turn signal

Check your mirrors…

  • Watch for unexpected students

Check your mirrors

  • Merge back into the traffic
slide41
State regulation requires the use of the parking brake every time you are loading or unloading passengers. 

WAC 392-145-060 (10)

school zone loading unloading
School Zone Loading/Unloading

Keep checking your mirrors

  • Approach the load zone w/ care
  • Set the parking brake
  • Transmission in neutral/park
  • Turn off the engine
  • Check your mirrors - open door
  • Monitor students
school zone loading unload cont
School Zone Loading/Unload cont.
  • AM: walk through the bus for forgotten items or sleepers
  • Minimize idling in the load zone
  • Remove the key if leaving bus.
  • If backing is necessary, have another adult assist you.
turnaround stops
Turnaround Stops
  • Any turnaround stop requires specific, previous authorization
  • Back into least traveled portion
  • AM: Load students, then back
  • PM: Back first, then unload
inclement weather routes and stops
Inclement Weather Routes and Stops
  • Let dispatch know if the roadway conditions change after the routes or stops are established

(Example: a new road is put in)

road construction
Road Construction
  • Let dispatch know if you see a sign indicating scheduled road construction
  • Emergency road closures – don’t release students without notification or authorization.
stop location
Stop location
  • Let dispatch know if, as students move in and out of a neighborhood, conditions change and a different stop location provides more safety.
heavy traffic stops
Heavy Traffic Stops
  • AM
    • Students at the stop early
    • Wait until all kids are seated
  • PM have students:
    • Move forward
    • Be ready to disembark
    • Wait for all students to clear
courteous driving
Courteous Driving
  • At all times, represent the school district in a professional manner
  • If you have traffic backed up from student loading/unloading, do what you can to safely let traffic clear
student instruction
Student Instruction
  • Walk safely to the bus stop
  • Arrive early (district procedure)
  • Respect private property and use good behavior at the stop
  • Load the bus single file –

no pushing or shoving

student instruction cont
Student Instruction, cont.
  • If they cross the road to the bus:
    • Wait for the Driver’s signal
    • Cross 10’ in front of the bus
    • Never cross behind the bus
    • Stay out of the Danger Zone
  • Always use the handrail getting on or off the bus
slide56

Student Instruction, cont.

  • Only get off the bus at your assigned bus stop (follow district procedure)
  • Stay seated until the bus comes to a complete stop
  • Look both ways as you step off the bus
bus stop behavior
Bus Stop Behavior
  • Drivers have responsibility to report students misbehaving at bus stops
  • School districts have responsibility for the safety of students
    • To and from the school bus stop (some)
    • Getting on and off the school bus
    • While the student is on the bus
insistent and concerned parent
Insistent and Concerned Parent
  • Assure them you would like to talk about their concerns
  • Give them a name and phone #
  • Remind them you have a schedule
  • Ask them to step off the bus
  • Warn them of any further action
unauthorized individuals
Unauthorized Individuals
  • Try to keep them off the bus
  • If they get on the bus, keep asking them to leave
  • Call for 911
  • Try to stay calm and keep your students calm
  • Make notes about the intruder
laws protecting bus drivers
Laws Protecting Bus Drivers

RCW 28A.635.090

Interference by force or violence

  • It’s unlawful for any person … to interfere by force or violence with any … classified employee, (or) person under contract with the … school district … in the … conduct of his or her duties ….
laws protecting drivers cont
Laws Protecting Drivers, cont.

RCW 28A.635.100

Intimidating any … classified employee … by threat of force or violence is unlawful.

Both violations are gross misdemeanors with $500 fines and six months in jail.

summary
Summary
  • Remember the danger zone
  • Adjust your mirrors
  • Always use the correct procedures
  • Keep training students

You Do A Great Job…

THANKS FOR KEEPING KIDS SAFE!