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International Relations. PSC 124.200: Introduction. Today. Are you registered for this class? Digital pictures Overview of the syllabus Index cards Nau, preface and introduction. The question for this course. Are international relations undergoing fundamental and irreversible changes?

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international relations

International Relations

PSC 124.200: Introduction

today
Today
  • Are you registered for this class?
  • Digital pictures
  • Overview of the syllabus
  • Index cards
  • Nau, preface and introduction

Hans Peter Schmitz

the question for this course
The question for this course
  • Are international relations undergoing fundamental and irreversible changes?
  • Is the international system shifting away from state-centrism?
  • Are non-state actors effectively challenging states?

Hans Peter Schmitz

slide4
Are you

Hans Peter Schmitz

what are international relations
What are international relations?
  • Political: States, IGOs, and NGOs
      • Traditional (states only): War, diplomacy, sanctions, foreign aid, military alliances, intergovernmental organizations (IGOs)
      • Non-traditional (including non-state actors): Non-governmental organizations (NGOs), terrorism, drug trade
  • Economic: Multinational corporations (MNCs)
      • Trade in goods, financial services, remittances, sanctions, drug trade
  • Social/Cultural: Ideas and individuals
      • Migration, tourism, professional organizations, human rights, adoptions, religion, etc.

Hans Peter Schmitz

from inter national politics to global affairs
In the past

Actors: States

Issues: War and Peace

Principles: State sovereignty and self-interst

Power based on: military strength and economic development

PBS frontline (video selection)

In the future?

Actors: States, International organizations, business corporations, NGOs

Issues: Trade, environment, global justice, development, etc.

Principles: Interdependence and human rights

Power based on: Capacity to cooperate; technologies to solve global problems

From inter-national politics to global affairs?

Hans Peter Schmitz

why theories
Why theories?

Purpose of theories in international relations:

  • Positivism: Explain and predict by reducing the complexity of reality (examples: Neorealism, Institutionalism).
  • Normativism: Challenge reality with reference to normative standpoints/values and develop strategies of fundamental global change (examples: Feminism and gender equality; Marxism and class struggle; Idealism and human rights).

Hans Peter Schmitz

nau s approach preface
Nau’s approach (preface)
  • Theories and ‘facts’
  • Three perspectives: power, institutions, and ideas
  • Three theories: realism, institutionalism, and constructivism (idealism)

Hans Peter Schmitz

chapter 1 perspectives
Chapter 1: Perspectives
  • What do perspectives do?
    • They help us reduce complexity and choose a specific lens (example: Darfur)
    • Understand how leaders think
    • Identify the primary causes of conflict

Hans Peter Schmitz

chapter 1 levels of analysis
Chapter 1: Levels of Analysis
  • Individual level (first image): psychology of leaders
  • Domestic level (second image): characteristics of the political system (example: democracy)
  • International level (third image): character of the international system (example: anarchy)

Hans Peter Schmitz

chapter 1 theories
Chapter 1: Theories
  • Realism: power struggles among states; solution: balance of power
  • Institutionalism: self-interested cooperation among states; solution: regimes based on shared interests
  • Constructivism (idealism, identity perspective): differences in identities; solution: shared norms

Hans Peter Schmitz

who what why and how
Who, what, why, and how?

Hans Peter Schmitz