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The Olympic Game The Olympic Games The Olympic Games : A History researched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion History of the Modern Olympics Part 7 The Olympic Winter Games 1924 to 1944 Jan Roscoe Publications INDEX Winter Sports 4

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the olympic games a history researched and compiled by martin s fisher edited by sarah cushion
The Olympic Games : A Historyresearched and compiled by Martin S. Fisher Edited by Sarah Cushion

History of the Modern OlympicsPart 7

The Olympic Winter Games

1924 to 1944

Jan Roscoe Publications

slide3

INDEX

Winter Sports4

The I Olympic Winter Games, Chamonix 1924 5

Chamonix 1924, Statistics 6

Chamonix 1924, Britain’s Successes 7

Chamonix 1924, Medal League Table 8

The II Olympic Winter Games, St Moritz 1928 & Other Bids 9

St Moritz 1928, Medal League Table 10

The III Olympic Winter Games, Lake Placid 1932 & Other Bids 11

Lake Placid 1932, Medal League Table 12

The IV Olympic Winter Games, Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936 & Other bids 13

Garmisch 1936, British Medal Haul 14

Garmisch 1936, Medal League Table 15

The 1940 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled 16

The 1944 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled 17

Acknowledgements 18

Photo Credits 19

winter sports

Winter Sports

Until 1920 some winter sports (Figure Skating, Ice Hockey) had been included in the main Olympic programme. Just after World War I the suggestion was made to separate them off into a specialised Winter Festival - the birth of the Olympic Winter Games.

PreviousNextIndex

the i olympic winter games chamonix 1924

The I Olympic Winter Games

The I Olympic Winter Games - Chamonix 1924

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Baron Pierre de Coubertin

FRA

  • These Games were held in CHAMONIX FRA.
  • The Games were opened by Gaston Vidal, French Under-Secretary of Sport.
chamonix 1924 statistics

The I Olympic Winter Games

Chamonix 1924 - Statistics
  • Called International Winter Sports Week.
  • Later accepted as first Winter Olympics.
  • 16 countries represented.
  • 16 events inc. Nordic Skiing, Bobsleigh, Speed Skating, Ski Jumping.
  • 5 sports.
chamonix 1924 britain s successes

The I Olympic Winter Games

Chamonix 1924 - Britain’s Successes
  • Britain won Gold in Men’s Curling – although not accepted as official event until many years later.
  • Britain won silver in 4-man Bob and bronzes in Ice Hockey and Ladies Figure Skating.
  • This is Britain’s best performance at Winter Games.
chamonix 1924 medal league table

The I Olympic Winter Games

Chamonix 1924- Medal League Table
  • First Winter Games medal for Belgium, France.

- 1 Norway 4 7 6

- 2 Finland 4 4 3

- 3 Austria 2 1 0

- 6 Great Britain 1 1 2

  • First Winter Games Golds for Austria, Finland, Great Britain, Norway, Sweden, Switzerland and USA.
the ii olympic winter games st moritz 1928 other bids

The II Olympic Winter Games

The II Olympic Winter Games - St Moritz 1928 & Other Bids

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Henri de Baillet-Latour

BEL

  • These Games were awarded to ST MORITZ SUI.
  • There were other bids from Davos SUI Engelberg SUI.
  • The Games were opened by Edmund Schulthess, President of the Helvetic Confederation of Switzerland.
st moritz 1928 medal league table

The II Olympic Winter Games

St Moritz 1928- Medal League Table
  • Record 25 countries represented, 14 events / 4 sports.
  • Earl of Northesk (GBR) won bronze in Skeleton Bob (GBR’s 5th winter medal).
  • First Winter Games Golds for Canada and France.
  • First Winter Games medals for Czechoslovakia, and Germany.

- 1 Norway 6 4 5

- 2 U.S.A. 2 2 2

- 3 Sweden 2 2 1

- 9 Great Britain 0 0 1

the iii olympic winter games lake placid 1932 other bids

The III Olympic Winter Games

The III Olympic Winter Games - Lake Placid 1932& Other Bids

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Henri de Baillet-Latour

BEL

  • These Games were awarded to LAKE PLACID USA.
  • There were other bids from Bear Mountain USA Denver USA Duluth USA Lake Tahoe USA Minneapolis USA Montreal CAN Yosemite Valley USA.
  • The Games were opened by Franklin D. Roosevelt, Governor of New York.
lake placid 1932 medal league table

The III Olympic Winter Games

Lake Placid 1932- Medal League Table

- 1 U.S.A. 6 4 2

- 2 Norway 3 4 3

- 3 Sweden 1 2 0

- 11 Great Britain 0 0 0

  • 17 countries represented - lower number because of transatlantic travel.
  • 14 events / 4 sports.
  • Sonja Henie (NOR) won Figure Skating for second time.
the iv olympic winter games garmisch partenkirchen 1936

The IV Olympic Winter Games

The IV Olympic Winter Games - Garmisch-Partenkirchen 1936

IOC PRESIDENT AT THESE GAMES

Henri de Baillet-Latour

BEL

  • These Games were awarded to GARMISCH - PARTENKIRCHEN GER.
  • There was another bid from St Moritz SUI.
  • The Games were opened by Adolf Hitler, Chancellor of the German Reich and the games were dominated by the Nazi regime.
  • 28 countries represented - record.
garmisch 1936 british medal haul

The IV Olympic Winter Games

Garmisch 1936 - British Medal Haul
  • Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER) 1936.
  • Record 17 events / 4 sports.
  • Britain won Ice Hockey - its second Winter Gold medal.
  • Cecilia Colledge won silver in Ladies Figure Skating.
  • GBR won bronze in 4 - man Bobsleigh.
  • This was Britain’s second best Winter Games.
garmisch 1936 medal league table

The IV Olympic Winter Games

Garmisch 1936- Medal League Table
  • First Women’s Nordic Skiing.
  • First Winter Games Golds for Germany.
  • Sonja Henie (NOR) won Ladies Figure Skating for third time - later Hollywood filmstar.

- 1 Norway 7 5 3

- 2 Germany 3 3 0

- 3 Sweden 2 2 3

- 7 Great Britain 1 1 1

the 1940 olympic winter games cancelled
The 1940 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled
  • Games initially awarded to Sapporo (JPN).
  • Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.
  • Later transferred to St Moritz (SUI) because of Sino-Japanese War.
  • Later transferred to Garmisch-Partenkirchen (GER).
the 1944 olympic winter games cancelled
The 1944 Olympic Winter Games - cancelled

Games initially awarded to Cortina d’Ampezzo (ITA).

Games eventually cancelled because of World War II.

slide18

My grateful thanks to the international Olympic committee for permission to use the Olympic logo, and to other original research by Erich Kamper, Volker Kluge, Wolf Lyberg, Bill Mallon, Ian Buchanan and the International Society of Olympic Historians.

photos and images courtesy of
Photos and Images Courtesy of:
  • www.google.co.uk for all images/photos not specified below and
      • for leading me to all the following
  • www.olympic.org photo of Pierre de Coubertin throughout
  • www.olympic.org images of Olympic medals throughout
  • www.olympic.org photo of de Baillet-Latour throughout
  • www.usfsa.org photo of Sonja Henie slides 12, 15