Understanding the impact of criminalising hiv transmission
Download
1 / 11

Understanding the impact of criminalising HIV transmission - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 229 Views
  • Updated On :

Understanding the impact of criminalising HIV transmission. Christoforos Mallouris Director of Programmes. What is Criminalisation of HIV transmission. Recent increase in number of countries where the transmission of HIV is a criminal offence Laws can take many forms: Transmission Exposure

Related searches for Understanding the impact of criminalising HIV transmission

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Understanding the impact of criminalising HIV transmission' - RoyLauris


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Understanding the impact of criminalising hiv transmission l.jpg

Understanding the impact of criminalising HIV transmission

Christoforos Mallouris

Director of Programmes

XVII IAC, Mexico City


What is criminalisation of hiv transmission l.jpg
What is Criminalisation of HIV transmission

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Recent increase in number of countries where the transmission of HIV is a criminal offence

Laws can take many forms:

Transmission

Exposure

Specific HIV laws

Other laws (murder, manslaughter, attempted manslaughter, sodomy laws, etc.)


Criminalisation laws continued l.jpg
Criminalisation laws (continued)

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Require PLHIV (who know their serostatus) to inform any sexual contact in advance, forcing disclosure

Some laws include pregnant HIV-positive women

Very little mention is made about PLHIV who use precautions (regardless of disclosure)


Criminalisation laws continued4 l.jpg
Criminalisation laws (continued)

XVII IAC, Mexico City

“Criminalisation is a failure to protect the dignity of people living with HIV. This is discrimination on the basis of disease. Nothing like this exists for people living with hepatitis or TB.”

ICW member, LIVNG 2008 pre-consultations


Criminalisation laws continued5 l.jpg
Criminalisation laws (continued)

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Proving causality (is it always possible to prove who has passed the virus on to whom?)

Proving intent (difficult to define the line between intentional and non-intentional)

Risk persecution when serostatus not known

Forces disclosure (even in safer sex)


Impact on plhiv and responses to hiv and aids l.jpg
Impact on PLHIV and responses to HIV and AIDS

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Places the blame on one person (the person with HIV) for the transmission of HIV

Controls individual and intimate behaviour

Increases stigma against PLHIV

Assumes PLHIV intend to transmit HIV

Assumes PLHIV always have the power to negotiate safer sex


Impact on plhiv and responses to hiv and aids7 l.jpg
Impact on PLHIV and responses to HIV and AIDS

XVII IAC, Mexico City

It shifts from rights-based approaches of empowering individuals to build the skills and knowledge to practice safer sex

Discourages people from testing (fear of being penalised)

Promotes fear of having a sex life amongst PLHIV

Exacerbates vulnerability of key populations


Living 2008 the positive leadership summit l.jpg
LIVING 2008The Positive Leadership Summit

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Criminalisation laws are counterproductive

Singling out HIV transmission and putting it into policy will not result in prevention

HIV prevention is a shared responsibility


Living 2008 the positive leadership summit9 l.jpg
LIVING 2008The Positive Leadership Summit

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Malevolent and intentional infection should be persecuted

In an ideal world there would be no criminalisation of HIV transmission laws

In reality, we may not be able to revoke all criminalisation laws

Need to use evidence-based advocacy and work together with policy makers, media, criminal justice system, medical specialists, etc.


Living 2008 the positive leadership summit10 l.jpg
LIVING 2008The Positive Leadership Summit

XVII IAC, Mexico City

Education for criminal justice system

Education for the media

Raise awareness among PLHIV of their rights and the laws where they reside

Build the evidence on existing cases (e.g., criminalisation scan, stigma index)

Build the evidence on impact of criminalisation laws

PLHIV networks as important partners!


Thank you l.jpg
THANK YOU

XVII IAC, Mexico City

cmallouris@gnpplus.net

www.gnpplus.net