List three things related to Hinduism that interest you based on these images • Write two questions about these images • Based on your observations write one claim (thing you believe) about Hinduism
Origination & where Hinduism is currently practiced • Hinduism is the primary religion of people living in India and Nepal • 900 million followers • Originated in the Indus River Valley • No one text, no one founder, no common teachings
Write down (2 minutes) • What is a moral code of ethical conduct? ****Think about the 10 commandments and Judaism What is the difference between monotheism and polytheism?
Watch the clip below from 5:31-8:40 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBZRTzXARWM
Rig Veda • Oldest of the Vedas • Written 6,000 years ago (orally told previously) • Describe gods, goddesses, kings, emperors, battles, and everyday life *Originally not written down, but memorized. Took 50 hours to recite.
Upanishads • Section of the Vedas focused on philosophy, medication, and the nature of Gods. • Compilation of over 200 authors
Mahabharata • World’s longest Epic • Central episode called the BhagavataGita • Conversation between a warrior and God • Message of Justice
Review/Questions • When was Rig Veda written? • Before Rig Veda was written how were the stories passed down? • Why might the Rig Veda not be a reliable source for a historian? • What do you think the purpose of these stories are?
Brahman • “Ultimate Reality” • Supreme Being • All other gods are a manifestation of Brahman
Vishnu • Preserver/Protector
Shiva • The Destroyer
Ganesha • The God of Good Fortune
Caste System • Hindu Caste System is a rigid system of social hierarchy (ranking) • Rigid because you cannot leave the class that you are born in • Social Mobility- Moving from one social class to another • Determines job, friends, live.
untouchables • (1) taking life for a living, a category that included, for example, fishermen, (2) killing or disposing of dead cattle or working with their hides for a living, (3) pursuing activities that brought the participant into contact with emissions of the human body, such as feces, urine, sweat, and spittle, a category that included such occupational groups as sweepers and washermen, and (4) eating the flesh of cattle or of domestic pigs and chickens, a category into which most of the indigenous tribes of India fell.
The Untouchables • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbDdLN-NobI • What types of jobs do the Untouchables do? • Where do they live? • How are they treated by people in higher castes • What steps have been taken to stop descrimination among the untouchables? • Why was it important that an upper caste man led the bull through the village during the ceremony at the end of the video?