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Hinduism. List three things related to Hinduism that interest you based on these images Write two questions about these images Based on your observations write one claim (thing you believe) about Hinduism. Origination & where Hinduism is currently practiced.
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List three things related to Hinduism that interest you based on these images • Write two questions about these images • Based on your observations write one claim (thing you believe) about Hinduism
Origination & where Hinduism is currently practiced • Hinduism is the primary religion of people living in India and Nepal • 900 million followers • Originated in the Indus River Valley • No one text, no one founder, no common teachings
Write down (2 minutes) • What is a moral code of ethical conduct? ****Think about the 10 commandments and Judaism What is the difference between monotheism and polytheism?
Watch the clip below from 5:31-8:40 • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=dBZRTzXARWM
Rig Veda • Oldest of the Vedas • Written 6,000 years ago (orally told previously) • Describe gods, goddesses, kings, emperors, battles, and everyday life *Originally not written down, but memorized. Took 50 hours to recite.
Upanishads • Section of the Vedas focused on philosophy, medication, and the nature of Gods. • Compilation of over 200 authors
Mahabharata • World’s longest Epic • Central episode called the BhagavataGita • Conversation between a warrior and God • Message of Justice
Review/Questions • When was Rig Veda written? • Before Rig Veda was written how were the stories passed down? • Why might the Rig Veda not be a reliable source for a historian? • What do you think the purpose of these stories are?
Brahman • “Ultimate Reality” • Supreme Being • All other gods are a manifestation of Brahman
Vishnu • Preserver/Protector
Shiva • The Destroyer
Ganesha • The God of Good Fortune
Caste System • Hindu Caste System is a rigid system of social hierarchy (ranking) • Rigid because you cannot leave the class that you are born in • Social Mobility- Moving from one social class to another • Determines job, friends, live.
untouchables • (1) taking life for a living, a category that included, for example, fishermen, (2) killing or disposing of dead cattle or working with their hides for a living, (3) pursuing activities that brought the participant into contact with emissions of the human body, such as feces, urine, sweat, and spittle, a category that included such occupational groups as sweepers and washermen, and (4) eating the flesh of cattle or of domestic pigs and chickens, a category into which most of the indigenous tribes of India fell.
The Untouchables • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=tbDdLN-NobI • What types of jobs do the Untouchables do? • Where do they live? • How are they treated by people in higher castes • What steps have been taken to stop descrimination among the untouchables? • Why was it important that an upper caste man led the bull through the village during the ceremony at the end of the video?