H EALTH AND H EALING for the W HOLE P ERSON :. Developing a Wholistic Health Pastoral Care Program for the U.S. Army. D OCTOR of M INISTRY P ASTORAL P ROJECT OBLATE SCHOOL of THEOLOGY Chaplain (Major) John W. Kiser 44 th Medical Command (Airborne) Ft. Bragg, NC.
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HEALTH AND HEALING for the WHOLE PERSON: Developing a Wholistic Health Pastoral Care Program for the U.S. Army
DOCTOR of MINISTRY PASTORAL PROJECT OBLATE SCHOOL of THEOLOGY Chaplain (Major) John W. Kiser 44th Medical Command (Airborne) Ft. Bragg, NC
CONCEPTUAL FRAMEWORK: WHOLISTIC HEALTH and PASTORAL CARE
DEFINITION of WHOLISTIC HEALTH “Health, therefore, ought to mean wholeness, or an integration or harmony between body, mind, and spirit, between the individual and others, and between the individual, nature, and God.” Eric Ram, ed., Transforming Health: Christian Approaches to Healing and Wholeness, 10.
DEFINITION of HEALING The Dictionary of Pastoral Care and Counseling wholistically defines healing as:“the process of being restored to bodily wholeness, emotional well-being, mental functioning, and spiritual aliveness.”
DEFINITION of WHOLISTIC HEALTH CARE “Wholistic health care . . . is a model which respects the autonomy and uniqueness of both medicine and religion while seeking ways in which they can be not only compatible but complimentary.” Thomas Droege in Theological Roots of Wholistic Health Care, 43
LEVELS OF HEALTH - Physical Health - Psychological/Emotional Health - Social/Relational Health - Spiritual and Religious Health
WHY WHOLISTIC HEALTH? Balances a problem in one level of health with the strengthsof the other levels Survive, possibly thrive more than ever before in the midst of serious illness, psychological challenges, and relational or spiritual problems
RESEARCH on WHOLISTICHEALTH - Levels of of Health - Wholistic vs. Holistic - Chiropractic Health - Hospice - Wholistic Health in the Army? - Implications for Pastoral Care
PROBLEM STATEMENT and PASTORAL CHALLENGE
PROBLEM STATEMENT - Stress effects the different levels of health - Stress can lead to a variety of health problems - Stress is high in the Army
PASTORAL CHALLENGE - There is a sizeable amount of research on the beneficial aspects of Wholistic Health and Medicine in Civilian Studies - The Army has specialists, but no program for the promotion of the integration of the Whole Person - Can a model of Wholistic Health be adapted for the Army and for Pastoral Care?
PASTORAL CONTEXT Chaplain assigned to the 28th Combat Support Hospital, Ft. Bragg, NC while deployed to Iraq 2003-2004
THESIS A pastoral care program promoting wholistic health and healing can improve physical, psychological, social, and spiritual well-being for Army soldiers and families.
PASTORAL APPLICATION Develop a Wholistic Model of Health and Healing for the Army for use in a Pilot Study
THEOLOGICAL FOUNDATION REFORMED THEOLOGY of WHOLENESS • - Concept of SHALOM • Creation, the Fall, the Law, Psalms, Proverbs • The Life and Miracles of Jesus • -Early and Medieval Church views • Reformed Theologians: Calvin, Knox, Barth • - Presbyterian Confessions and Documents
DESIGN of the PASTORAL RESEARCH PROJECT
RESEARCHDESIGN Qualitative Method - Case Studies - Focus Group - Pilot Study
DATACOLLECTION METHODS • - Individual Interviews for • Case Studies and with • Subject Matter Experts • Small Group Discussions with • Focus Group • Comment Forms after Programs
CASESTUDIES - Five Case Studies developed from interviews with health care professionals assigned to the 28th Combat Support
FOCUSGROUP - Assessed the feasibility of a pilot study program promoting wholistic health in pastoral care for the Army - Brought the unique contributions of different health care disciplines to the table
PILOT STUDY - Chapel Programs - Physician and Nursing Continuing Education - Health Promotion Class
Chapel Programs Program 1: Overview of Whole Person Health and Healing Program 2: The Theology of Whole Person Health and Healing Program 3: The Science of Whole Person Health and Healing Program 4: Whole Person Health and Healing in the Army
Physician and Nursing Continuing Education Conducted with Physicians and Nurses assigned to the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Iraq, 2003
Health Promotion Class Conducted with personnel assigned to the 28th Combat Support Hospital in Iraq, 2003
RESULTS of the RESEARCH PROJECT • Confirmed the Thesis: a whole person • approach to pastoral care can be used • in the U.S. Army to improve well-being • Greater understanding of the • levels of health and the wholistic • integration of the levels for pastoral care
RESULTS (Continued) • The pastoral research project showed • a need for wholistic pastoral care in the • Army and developed programs that • address those needs
Why is Whole Person Health Important? - The Bible encourages whole person health and healing - Clinical Research show that Whole Person integration helps in all areas of health - The Pastoral Research Project qualitatively confirmed these studies
Body Mind Social Spirit INTEGRATION of the DIMENSIONS
INTEGRATION of the DIMENSIONS Body Mind Spirit Social
CONCLUSION QUESTIONS / DISCUSSION