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APAG Ch. 14 The Bureaucracy. Assignment 1 PP. 422-429. What happened to federal bureaucrats before 1883? After 1883? Why?. Before 1883, most bureaucrats were fired by each new administration in order to appoint their own supporters.

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apag ch 14 the bureaucracy

APAG Ch. 14 The Bureaucracy

Assignment 1

PP. 422-429

Before 1883, most bureaucrats were fired by each new administration in order to appoint their own supporters.
  • After the Civil Service Reform Act of 1883 was passed, it became very difficult to fire bureaucrats.
The General Accounting Office (GAO)
  • The head of the agency is the Inspector General.
The bureaucracy is considered the “fourth branch of the government.”
  • A bureaucracy is a large organization that is structured hierarchically to carry out specific functions.
A private bureaucracy has a single set of leaders, its board of directors, and serves the stockholders.
  • The public bureaucracy has Congress and the president as its leaders and it serves the citizens.
  • A private bureaucracy is organized to make a profit.
Weberian Model – developed by the German sociologist, Max Weber, who viewed bureaucracies as rational, hierarchical organizations in which power flows from the top downward and decisions are based on logical reasoning and data analysis.
Acquisitive Model – a model of bureaucracy that views top-level bureaucrats as seeking constantly to expand the size of their budgets and the staffs of their departments or agencies so as to gain greater power and influence in the public sector.
Monopolistic Model – a model of bureaucracy that compares bureaucracies to monopolistic business firms. Lack of competition within a bureaucracy leads to inefficient and costly operations. Because bureaucracies are not penalized for inefficiency, there is no incentive to reduce costs or use resources more productively.
The sheer size of the government organizations needed to implement a budget that exceeds $2 trillion dollars needs autonomy to function.
  • National bureaucracies regularly provide financial assistance to their state counterparts, whereas European countries have a top-down command structure so that national programs may be implemented directly at the lower level.
Telephone companies, airlines, railroads, and utilities are more commonly owned by the government in European countries.
In 1920, 8.5%.
  • Today, more than 40%.
(1) cabinet departments
  • (2) independent executive agencies
  • (3) independent regulatory agencies
  • (4) government corporations
15 cabinet departments
  • Homeland Security was the latest.
An independent Executive Agency is a federal agency that is not part of a cabinet department but reports directly to the president, who appoints their chief officials.
  • CIA, GSA, NSF, SBA, NASA, and EPA are all examples.