Understanding tables When there is a lot of information relating to one thing, it can be much clearer and easier to understand if it is displayed in a table. Tables are used in many situations in everyday life, so it is vital that we understand how to read them accurately. The following table shows the cost of renting DVDs from a rental store. How much do comedy films cost over 7 days? £5.50 How much do science fiction films cost over 3 days? £3.25 How much do horror film cost over 7 days? £5.00
9:55– 10:35 10:35– 11:15 11:15– 11:30 11:30– 12.10 12:00– 12:50 12:50– 1:40 1:40– 2:20 2:20– 3:00 9:00– 9:55 Mon English Swimming Swimming Maths Maths Lunch IT RE Tues Art Art English English Maths Lunch IT IT Wed French Maths Home Ec. Home Ec. Lunch Maths Geography Geography Thur PE PE Science Science English English Lunch Home Ec. Fri French English Art Science Science Lunch Maths RE Understanding tables Here is a copy of Gerry’s school timetable. English What does Gerry have at 11.30 on Thursday? How many periods of swimming does Gerry have? 2 What class is Gerry in at 12.30 on Friday? RE
Understanding tables The following table shows the cost of buying a holiday from a travel agent. £410 How much does 10 days in Majorca cost? How much does 7 days in the Canary Islands cost? £375 Stephen spent £450 on his holiday. Where did he go and for how long did he go for? 14 days in the Canary Islands Now try questions 1–4 in your booklet.
Key Football = 2 people Rugby Swimming Basketball Pictographs It is also possible to show information by using pictures in a pictograph. Each pictograph has a key which lets you know what the value of each picture is. This pictograph shows the favourite sports of a class in 4th year. 4 How many people like basketball? 7 How many people like football? How many people like rugby and swimming in total? 5
Pictographs This pictograph shows the number of customers per week at the fruit and veg shop since it opened in 2007 Key: = 100 people 200 How many people visited in 2007? 400 How many people visited in 2008? How many people visited in 2009? 650 Now try questions 5 and 6 in your booklet.
16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Lost 24 Family Guy EastEnders Bar Graphs A bar graph is another way of showing information in a clear and tidy way. This one shows the favourite TV shows of a group of students. EastEnders What is the most popular show? 5 How many more people prefer Family Guy to Lost? How many fewer people prefer Lost to 24? 3
16 14 12 10 8 6 4 2 0 Apple Orange Banana Grapes Bar Graphs This bar graph shows the favourite types of fruit among a group of students. 15 How many people like bananas? How many more people like bananas than like apples? 1 17 How many people like apples and oranges? Now try questions 7 and 8 in your booklet.
21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 Sun Fri Mon Tue Wed Thu Sat Line graphs Another way to display information in a clear way is to use a line graph. This one shows the maximum temperature in Glasgow over 1 week in June. Friday What was the warmest day? How much warmer was it on Friday than on Wednesday? 5 degrees What was the temperature on Sunday? 17 degrees
Jon x Bill x 100 Bob x Dee x 90 Tom x 80 Ann x Jan x 70 English 60 Rab x 50 40 30 20 10 20 30 40 50 60 70 80 90 100 10 Maths Scattergraphs Scattergraphs are very useful when comparing two sets of data. This scattergraph shows the scores of a class in maths and English. Now try questions 9 and 10 in your booklet. Maths: 50% English: 40% What scores did Rab get? Maths: 80% English: 90% What scores did Jon get? How much higher was Jan’s maths score than her English score? 30%
Test yourself You are now ready to tackle the end-of-topic test in your booklet. GOOD LUCK!!