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BSC 103: BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY FRANK MOORE OBJECTIVES LOGISTICS BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY OBJECTIVES Biology is all around us! Impacts our personal and professional lives in many ways. How so? BIOLOGY ALL AROUND US McMoRan’s Davy Jones Gas in the Gulf?

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bsc 103 biology and society
BSC 103: BIOLOGY AND SOCIETY
  • FRANK MOORE
  • OBJECTIVES
  • LOGISTICS
biology and society objectives
BIOLOGY AND SOCIETYOBJECTIVES
  • Biology is all around us!
  • Impacts our personal and professional lives in many ways.
  • How so?
slide4

McMoRan’s Davy Jones

Gas in the Gulf?

Discovery, believed to contain at least 1 trillion cubic feet, may reignite exploration interest

Press Register, Mobile, AL Sunday, January 17, 2010

slide5

McMoRan’s Davy Jones

Gas in the Gulf?

  • “… another whole layer of dead dinosaurs under there.”
  • Renewable and nonrewable resources

Press Register, Mobile, AL Sunday, January 17, 2010

introduction to biological sciences objectives
INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL SCIENCESOBJECTIVES
  • Our society is immersed in a scientific revolution, largely biological in nature.
  • Witness breakthroughs in genetics, cellular biology, and neuroscience as well as advances in understanding the environment around us.
  • Public understanding of the biological sciences and biotechnology is critical to responsible decision-making in our society, both public and private.
  • Achievement of that understanding takes on a sense of urgency in the face of widespread scientific illiteracy.
biology and society objectives7
BIOLOGY AND SOCIETYOBJECTIVES
  • Understand how science is done
  • Judge the reliability of scientific knowledge
  • Ensure the ethical use of scientific knowledge
  • Examples
    • Y Chromosome evolution
    • Spread of West Nile Virus
are men more evolved than women www huffingtonpost com 2010 01 13
Are Men More Evolved Than Women?www.huffingtonpost.com/2010/01/13
  • Chimpanzee and human Y chromosomes are remarkably divergent in structure and gene content. Jennifer Hughes et al. 2010. Nature. In Press.
  • Meaning/implication of headline?

The human X (left) and Y chromosomes,

magnified about 10,000 times

men more evolved
Men more evolved ?
  • Chromosome?
  • Y-Chromosome?
  • Human genome?

Sequenced over decade.

What is function of genes?

men more evolved10
Men more evolved?

Chromosome 7: CFTR Gene [ Cystic Fibrosis Trans-membrane Conductance Regulator Gene]

men more evolved y chromosome
Men more evolved?Y-Chromosome
  • How many pairs of human

chromosomes?

  • Why Y-chromosome sex-determining?
  • Relationship between X and Y chromosome?
  • Why compare genetic code of chimpanzee and human?
biology and society objectives12
BIOLOGY AND SOCIETYOBJECTIVES
  • Understand how science is done
  • Judge the reliability of scientific knowledge
  • Ensure the ethical use of scientific knowledge
  • Examples
    • Y Chromosome evolution
    • Spread of West Nile Virus
west nile virus
West Nile Virus
  • Arbovirus: Arthropod-borne virus
  • Arthropods: Blood-sucking insects

(e.g. mosquitoes, ticks)

migratory birds and west nile virus
Migratory Birds and West Nile Virus

Migratory birds suspected as important means

of dispersing virus to new regions

  • What kind of statement?
  • How does science treat this statement?
  • What is meant be evidence? Data?
banded in japan killed in the delta clarion ledger sunday january 20 2008
“Banded in Japan, killed in the Delta”Clarion LedgerSunday January 20, 2008

Region between the Mississippi and Yazoo rivers is the Yazoo Basin [Delta], one of the most fertile areas in the world.

Northern Pintail (Anas acuta)

http://www.ducks.ca/resource/general/naturenotes/pintail.html

http://soundwaves.usgs.gov/2002/11/fieldwork.html

migratory birds and west nile virus18
Migratory Birds and West Nile Virus

Migratory birds suspected

As means of dispersing virus

to new regions:

  • Birds are the amplifying
  • host of West Nile virus.
  • Birds captured during migratory period have

WNV antibodies.

  • Virus has been isolation from birds during the migratory period
migratory birds and west nile virus19
Migratory Birds and West Nile Virus

If migratory birds are important

dispersal agents, then …

  • Migrating birds must be infectious (i.e., level of viremia sufficient to infect mosquito).
  • Infectious migrants must display migratory activity.
biology and society objectives20
BIOLOGY AND SOCIETYOBJECTIVES
  • Understand how science is done
  • Judge the reliability of scientific knowledge
  • Ensure the ethical use of scientific knowledge
  • Examples??
bsc 103 introduction to biological sciences
BSC 103: INTRODUCTION TO BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES
  • FRANK MOORE
  • OBJECTIVES
  • LOGISTICS