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WIPO Roundtable on IP & Traditional Knowledge. Geneva, November 1-2, 1999. Protection of Traditional Knowledge: A Global IP Issue. Presenter: Richard Owens, Director Global Intellectual Property Issues Division. Overview of the GIPID Program: 1998-2001.

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wipo roundtable on ip traditional knowledge
WIPO Roundtable on IP &Traditional Knowledge

Geneva, November 1-2, 1999

Protection of Traditional Knowledge: A Global IP Issue

Presenter: Richard Owens, Director Global Intellectual Property Issues Division

overview of the gipid program 1998 2001
Overview of the GIPID Program: 1998-2001
  • IPR's for New Beneficiaries: the Protection of Traditional Knowledge, Innovations & Creativity
  • Biodiversity & Biotechnology
  • Protection of Expressions of Folklore
  • Intellectual Property & Development
traditional knowledge and intellectual property
Traditional Knowledge and Intellectual Property

What is Traditional Knowledge (TK) ?

Why is Protection of TK Important ?

Customary Protection of TK

Problems Confronting TK Holders

Intellectual Property and TK - WIPO’s Response

what is traditional knowledge
What is Traditional Knowledge?

Medicinal, Agricultural

& Ecological Knowledge

Music & Dance,

Stories & Poetry

Artesanat

(Handicrafts)

Spiritual Expression

Transmitted orally across generations

Collective responsibility & ownership

Constantlyevolving

tk a multi faceted concept
TK: A Multi-Faceted Concept

Educationhistory, traditions, ethics

Cultural Identity

Tradition-basedCreations

Spiritual & Religious Beliefs

Practical Knowledge

Oral Tradition

Aesthetics (Art,Entertainment)

Emphasis on Community

protecting tk what are the benefits
Protecting TK: What are the Benefits

Provides opportunities for sharing benefits of TK

Provides rights for TK holders

Preserves knowledge base of communities

Increases opportunities for socio-economic development

Creates added value for humankind

Enables participation in global markets

customary protection of tk
Customary Protection of TK
  • Informal regimes govern the use & transmission of TK at community level through rules, rights & obligations
  • Customary law results from repeated practices
  • Monitored & enforced by elders, spiritual and religious leaders
ip protection of tk
IP Protection of TK

IP Protection

Documentation & preservationof TK

Promote & disseminate creativity & innovation

Traditional Knowledge is contemporary: a continuing response by individuals and communities to challenges posed by their environment

the challenge
The Challenge …..

IP mechanisms do not cover non- systematic, undocumented knowledge

Customary law is not applicable outside the community

problems confronting tk holders
Problems Confronting TK Holders
  • Rejection of tradition by new generation and encroachment of modern lifestyles
  • Dilution of traditional knowledge and practices through acculturation and diffusion
  • “Modern” science may deem traditional knowledge inferior
  • Commercial exploitation by “others”, e.g. bioprospecting, use of indigenous designs
in search of a model
…. in search of a model

Need to find common ground

TraditionalKnowledge

IP system

A global assessment of needs & expectations of TK holders

wipo s response
WIPO’s Response
  • Roundtable on IP & indigenous peoples (1998)
  • 9 FFMs on TK, innovations & creativity
  • Panel discussion on IP & human rights (1998)
  • 4 regional consultations on protection of folklore
  • Roundtable on IP and TK (1999)
  • Participation in international processes: CBD, FAO, UNESCO, etc.
  • Cooperation with IGOs & NGOs
  • Integration into WIPO’s development for cooperation activities
wipo fact finding missions
WIPO Fact-Finding Missions

North America

Arab Countries

Caribbean Countries

Central America

South Asia

South Pacific

South America

Southern & Eastern Africa

West Africa

9 fact finding missions
9 Fact Finding Missions

… TO EXPLORE/IDENTIFY IP NEEDS/EXPECTATIONS OF TK HOLDERS

… TO STUDY CURRENT APPROACHES & FUTURE POSSIBILITIES FOR PROTECTION OF TK

FINDINGS REPATRIATED TO TK HOLDERS

wipo ffm findings

TK systems are frameworks for continuing creativity & innovation

TK is a constantly renewed source of wealth

All branches of IP law are relevant to TK

WIPO FFM Findings

Common to all countries

regional consultations protection of expressions of folklore
Regional Consultations: Protection of Expressions of Folklore

Africa: March ‘99

Asia-Pacific:April ‘99

Arab Region:May ‘99

LAC:June ‘99

Recommendations: expansion of WIPO workplan (nat’l, regional & int’l activities):

A) Legal/Technical assistance

B) Training in folklore documentation

C) Financial support for nat’l & regional institutions

D) Work toward effective international regime to protect expressions of folklore

expanding relevance of the ip system to tk holders
Expanding relevance of the IP System to TK Holders

Increasing cultural &

economic value of TK

Growing relevance of IPRs

Informal

Formal

Global Information Society

future work
… future work

ISSUES/NEEDS IDENTIFICATION

ADDRESSING CONCEPTUAL PROBLEMS;TESTING PRACTICAL SOLUTIONS

2000-2001 PROGRAM:a) case studies on use of IP system to protect TKb) study on customary law governing TK in relation to formal IP systemsc) information exchange on IP implications of TK documentationd) increased training and awareness-raising worldwide for TK stakeholders

wipo roundtable on ip traditional knowledge19
WIPO Roundtable on IP &Traditional Knowledge

Geneva, November 1-2, 1999

Protection of Traditional Knowledge: A Global IP Issue

Presenter: Richard Owens, Director Global Intellectual Property Issues Division