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TERRORISM and LAUSD. Los Angeles Unified School District Office of Environmental Health and Safety Robert Kamm. What is Terrorism?. The unlawful use of force or violence against persons or property to intimidate or coerce a government, the civilian population, or any

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TERRORISMand LAUSD

Los Angeles Unified School District

Office of Environmental Health and Safety

Robert Kamm


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What is Terrorism?

The unlawful use of force or violence against

persons or property to intimidate or coerce a

government, the civilian population, or any

segment thereof, in furtherance of political

and social objectives (FBI).


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Foreign Terrorist Organizations

  • The US State Department lists 38 groups as Foreign Terrorist Organizations.

  • 50% of the groups are Islamist.

  • www.state.gov


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Prominent Foreign Terrorist Groups

  • Al Qa’ida

  • HAMAS

  • Hizbollah

  • Jemaah Islamiya (JI)

  • Palestine Islamic Jihad

  • Revolutionary Armed Forces of Columbia (FARC)

  • Real IRA


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Domestic Terrorist Groups

  • Right-Wing

  • Left-Wing

  • Anarchist

  • Single Issue




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Special Interest Groups

  • ELF

  • ALF

  • Anti-Abortion


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What are the threats?

  • HAZ MAT

    • Chemical

    • Biological

    • Radiological

    • Nuclear

  • Bombings

    • Suicide

    • Vehicle

  • Cyber Attack

    • Lack of services


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Weapons of Mass Destruction

Biological

Chemical

Nuclear

Radiological


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FBI Threat Spectrum

PROBABILITY OF EVENT

Bio Toxins

Industrial Chemicals

Pathogens

Radioisotopes

Chemical Weapons

Nuclear Weapons

EVENT CONSEQUENCES


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Biological Terrorism

Use of biological agents or toxins to intentionally produce illness in a susceptible population

  • Biological agents easy to obtain, produce & distribute

  • Difficult to detect (invisible, odorless & delayed onset)

  • Can cause mass casualties at low cost

  • Potential wide-spread panic / social disruption


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Biological Agents & Disease

variola major Smallpox

bacillus anthracisAnthrax

yersinia pestis Plague

clostridium botulinum Botulism

francisella tularensis Tularemia

Ebola virus Viral hemorrhagic fevers


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Why Worry About Bioterrorism?

Nations believed to have bio-weapons capabilities

Iraq

Iran

Libya

Syria

North Korea

South Korea

Taiwan

Israel

Egypt

Vietnam

Laos

Cuba

Bulgaria

India

South Africa

China

Russia

Iraq & Russia have large-scale offensive programs


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History of Biowarfaire

1346- Tartar forces besieging Kaffa catapulted plague-contaminated corpses over city walls

French and Indian War- British gave smallpox-laden blankets to Native Americans

In WWI- German agents used anthrax and to infect livestock and feed for export to allied forces

1972 - Biological Weapons Treaty ratified by 140 nations


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Recent Acts of Bioterrorism

2001 - Anthrax incidents following 9/11

1998 - Nation-wide anthrax hoaxes

1996 - Shigella-contaminated muffins in Dallas

1994 - Sarin gas attacks in Tokyo

1991 - Ricin toxin produced Minnesota

1985 - Cyanide in pickles in Los Angeles

1984 - Salmonella sprayed on salad bars in Oregon


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Routes of Exposure

  • Inhalation

  • Dermal absorption

  • Ingestion

  • Injection


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Inhalation or Dermal Absorption of Aerosols

  • Most likely route for Bio-Terrorism

  • Aerosols of most agents produce disease

  • Objective is to generate respirable size particles

    • 0.5 - 10 microns

    • remain suspended for long periods

    • can reach the alveoli


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Cooperative Efforts in Los Angeles

  • LAPD

  • LA Sheriff

  • Fire/Health Haz-Mat

  • FBI

  • Terrorism Early Warning Group (TEWG)

  • Archangel

  • Center for Disease Control (CDC)


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Education

Safety Alerts

Standard Emergency Procedures Safe School Plan

Safe Schools Inspection Guidebook

Routine School Safety Inspections

Drills and Exercises

Assignment of Duty Officer

Routine District briefings & consultation with agencies

OEHS LAUSD Preparedness


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Animal Disturbance

Armed Assault on campus

Biological or Chemical Release

Bomb Threat

Bus Disaster

Earthquake

Explosion or Risk of Explosion

Fire in Surrounding area

Fire on School Grounds

Flooding

Loss or Failure of Utilities

Motor Vehicle Crash

Psychological Trauma

Suspected Contamination of Food or Water

Safe School Plan Vol. 2 Emergency Procedures



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LAUSD EOC Systems

  • 200 KW diesel generator supports EOC and all critical communications

  • Uninterruptible power supply (UPS) for all data and communications

  • 14 generic work stations. Supports all 5 functions of SEMS and ICS

  • Multiple fax machines and blast faxing


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LAUSD EOC Systems (cont)

  • Direct Email to EOC for situation updates and damage assessments

  • 3 separate data networks to ensure redundancy (LASPD & LAUSD LACity)

  • Stand alone heating and ventilation system (HVAC)

  • Desktop radio communications consuls for LASPD, Transportation & Emergency Operations


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LAUSD EOC Systems (cont)

  • 14 hand held portable radios for emergency operations

  • Multiple portable cell phone kits for response to incidents or command post

  • Amateur radio communications (HAM)

  • Multiple media monitoring systems

  • 14 standalone telephone systems

  • User accounts with LA County EOC, EMIS and LA City EOC, Web EOC



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What Can I Do?

  • Be Aware

    • Suspicious persons

    • Suspicious activities

  • Be Prepared

    • Emergency supplies

    • Family communications plan

    • Shelter in place

    • Get away plan

    • Plans for school or work

  • Be Informed


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References

  • WWW.READY.GOV

  • U.S. State Department

  • Red Cross


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