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Strategies for Answering Extended/Short Answer Response Questions. Extended-Response (4 pt) and Short-Answer (2 pt) Questions. Typically difficult for students. Each question requires a specific task from the student. . To find these requirements, look at the scoring guide ….

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slide2

Extended-Response (4 pt) and

Short-Answer (2 pt) Questions

  • Typically difficult for students.
  • Each question requires a specific task from the student.

To find these requirements, look at the scoring guide…

slide3

How to Find Scoring Guides

  • Start on the ODE homepage.
  • Near the top-right of the page, click on Testing.
  • On the left menu, click on Released Test Materials.
  • Select Released Test Materials for Ohio's Grade 3-8 Achievement Tests.
  • Select your grade, subject and year of the test. Scoring guides are on the right.
slide4

Extended-Response/Short Answer Recommendations

  • Read the question carefully and completely.
  • Underline each keyword (action words).
  • Circle each special keyword.
slide5

Key Words

  • Test makers do not make all questions in the same way:
  • Questions have a mix of keywords, special keywords and subjects.
  • The most common combinations are:
    • Four Keywords
    • Two Special Keywords for one Subject
    • Two Keywords on two Subjects
slide6

Patterns of a Short-Answer (2 pt) Question

  • A two-point question has two brief tasks or one detailed task
  • In order to respond effectively, students must recognize:
  • Two keywords, or tasks.
  • One keyword for two subjects.
  • One special keyword about one subject.
slide7

Short Answer (2pt) Questions

  • Questions contain keywords and expect an answer for each one:

Ex: Identify, describe, explain, compare, determine, list, draw, graph, give details, etc…

    • When reading the question, mark all keywords. If there are fewer marked keywords than the number of points, the special keywords need extra attention.
  • Specialkeywords:
    • Describe, explain or compare.
    • Require more depth and detail.
    • Worth two points since there is partial credit.
slide8

39. Explain why Railroad Time was

created. Then, explain why it was

replaced with another system.

Write your answer in the

Answer Document (2 points)

  • One keyword for two subjects.
slide12

Four Keywords

What are two theories about the shifting sands on Jockey’s Ridge? Using information from the passage, describe two possible solutions to the problem of sand migration. Write your answer in your Answer Document. (4 points)

slide17

Effective Classroom Practices

  • Advance organizers
  • Corrective instruction
  • Clarity of presentation
  • Use of examples
  • High expectations
  • Effort reinforcement
  • Classroom time management
  • High level questioning
  • Classroom assessment
slide18

AB Quadrant Questions

  • Cause students to summarize and draw conclusions.
  • Useful to bring about combination and recombination of experiences which lead to:
    • Generalization
    • Understanding
  • Their importance is limited since these questions tax the lower cognitive domain.
  • These are too common in the classroom.
  • Requires students to use mainly:
    • Recall and limited reasoning
    • Problem-solving limited to facts already stated
slide19

CD Quadrant Questions

  • Open-ended questions that lead to further questions, cause students to experiment or lead to research
  • These questions:
    • Foster thinking
    • Enlarge the scope of material being studied
    • Deepen students’ interest on the topic
  • These are probably the least-asked questions
  • There are no “right” answers
  • Requires students to use both:
    • Concrete thinking
    • Abstract thinking