LING212- SLA L1 transfer. Florencia Franceschina. What is this speaker ’ s L1?.
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“… it is confirmed by studies that smoking can cause the addictive and dependence, both on psychology and physic.[…] The earlier a people begin to smoke or the more cigaretters he smoked, the more dangerous he will have on his health.”
Source: S02FLPEDU01WT, HKC
“[transfer is evidenced as] those instances of deviation from the norms of either language which occur in the speech of bilinguals as a result of their familiarity with more than one language”
Weinreich (1953: 1)
Gass (1996: 321)
“[transfer is] influence that the learner’s L1 exerts on the acquisition of an L2”
Ellis (1997: 51)
CAH was empirically unsupported:
Source or errors:
(Krashen, 1982, 1985)
General consensus: both the L1 and general developmental processes shape SLA.
No agreement on exactly what each contributes, or how.
Minimal Trees (Vainikka and Young-Scholten, 1994, 1996, 1998)
Full Transfer/Full Access (Schwartz and Sprouse, 1994, 1996)
Odlin, T. 2003: Cross-linguistic influence. In Handbook of Second Language Acquisition, eds. C. J. Doughty and M. H. Long. Malden, MA: Blackwell. Pp. 436-486.