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Tourism & Leisure in China Ironbridge Gorge Museum Tuesday, 4 th November 2003 Jenny Watson China-Britain Business Council Fast Facts Area: 9.6 million sq km 2000 population: 1.273 billion Capital: Beijing (12 million)

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slide1

Tourism & Leisure in China

Ironbridge Gorge Museum

Tuesday, 4th November 2003

Jenny Watson

China-Britain Business Council

fast facts
Fast Facts

Area: 9.6 million sq km

2000 population: 1.273 billion

Capital: Beijing (12 million)

Government: Single party communist dictatorship

Ethnic Groups: Han Chinese 92%

55 minority nationalities 8%

Language: Mandarin Chinese (official), numerous other

dialects and minority languages

Religions: Predominantly atheist, but many follow

Buddhism, Daoism, Confucism and Islam

Currency: Renminbi (RMB) or Yuan

GDP per capita: 1999 US$ 815

2000 US$ 874

7% sustained growth

slide3

The People’s Republic of China (PRC)

HEILONGJIANG

XINJIANG

JILIN

GANSU

NEI MENGU

(INNER MONGOLIA)

LIAONING

BEIJING

TIANJIN

NINGXIA

QINGHAI

HEBEI

SHANXI

SHANDONG

XIZANG

(TIBET)

SHAANXI

HENAN

JIANGSU

SICHUAN

ANHUI

HUBEI

SHANGHAI

CHONGQING

ZHEJIANG

HUNAN

JIANGXI

GUIZHOU

FUJIAN

YUNNAN

GUANGXI

GUANGDONG

TAIWAN

GUANGZHOU

HONG KONG

HAINAN

slide4

Tourism & Leisure in China

  • Since 1991 Chinese citizens have been permitted to travel internationally for leisure purposes
  • Over 16 million Chinese tourists went abroad in 2002
  • China now represents over 9% of the worldwide tourist market

( in US$ terms)

  • The WTO forecasts 230 million tourists annually by 2020

– the world’s top tourist destination

  • China is expected to be at the forefront of growth in the international tourist industry – 5.5 million new jobs and 12% GDP over 10 years
slide5

Tourism & Leisure (2)

  • To date, the tourist industry nationwide registers:

786.1 billion yuan of fixed assets,

268,000 institutions and enterprises of various types, 254,000 tourist facilities,

8,993 travel services and

33.35 million employees.

  • Favoured destinations by Chinese include: Yunnan Province, Hainan Island, Harbin Ice Festival, Thailand
  • Industry regulation – safety of equipment, travel agency price wars etc
  • Big events: Beijing 2008 Olympics, the 2010 World Fair
slide6

Tourism Authorities in China

China National Tourism Administration (CNTA)

oversee national tourism development according to principles established in 2000 for the promotion of tourism in China

Regional & Provincial Tourism Administrations

responsible for the regional application of the national plan and identifying projects for promotion within their area

Tibet Tourism Administration

Hong Kong Tourist Association

State Administration for Cultural Heritage (SACH)

Public Security Ministry

approves private citizens overseas travel: issue exit entry visas

inbound tourism
Inbound Tourism

Who travels to China? Why? What do they want?

  • In 1999, 72.79 million overseas travellers visited China
  • 95% of foreign tourists enter on organised tours
  • 1314 cities and counties are open to tourism
  • Hong Kong, Taiwan and other Asian neighbours as a source of wealthy visitors and experience in entertainment & leisure
  • Encouraged by:
    • Rapidly increasing airport capacity
    • developing cruise industry (Yangtze & Hong Kong)
    • reduced tour and hotel restrictions: 01/10/03
    • Infrastructure development
  • Impact of Iraqi war and SARS crisis
slide9

Developing Tourist Facilities

The CNTA have introduced a ranking system for the tourist areas to promote the quality upgrading of tourism products;

continue to select the Top Chinese Tourist Cities and

have started to formulate the standards for the Best Tourism Cities in collaboration with the World Tourism Organization.

New areas of development:

  • industrial tourism
  • agricultural tourism
  • standardization of the national tourism resort areas
  • national demonstration areas of eco-tourism
  • national experimentation areas of poverty elimination by tourism
  • strengthening the computer network and IT applications
  • use of modern science and technology in tourism management and promotion
outbound tourism
Outbound Tourism
  • Since 1991: Chinese citizens have been permitted to travel internationally for leisure purposes (to ADS countries)
  • Previously, restricted to study and business purposes
  • Influenced by Chinese holidays – Spring Festival
  • Guangdong Province accounts for 40% of all outbound travel

Popular Destinations in Europe:

Germany (an ADS partner), Russia, France (no visa required)

Popular Destinations elsewhere:

Hong Kong, Macao & Taiwan, ROK, Thailand, Australia, Canada

slide11

Authorised Destination Status (ADS)

ADS is given to countries that fulfil certain conditions to enable them to receive leisure tour group travellers from China.

Destinations that do not have ADS can still receive visitors from China - but not leisure tour groups, the fastest-growing element of the China market.

  • Most ADS partners are Asian border-sharing countries
  • Australia : 1st Western country to receive ADS in 1999
  • Permanent residents of Beiijing, Shanghai and Guangdong can join tours of +9 people
  • 22 travel agencies in Beijing, Shanghai and Guangdong join tours
slide13

Domestic Tourism

  • 90 million tourists travelled in China during the October “golden week”, contributing RMB 35bn to the tourist industry.
  • The largest domestic tourism market in the world
  • Over 47million jobs in the industry (+6% workforce)
  • Approximately 500 travel agencies and tour operators
  • Predicted to reach RMB 1.3 trillion (US$ 156 billion) in revenue by 2010
  • Per capita consumer expenditure of RMB 4,562 (US$ 551) in 2000
  • Government initiatives to encourage domestic consumer market
  • Urban – Rural, East – West differences
slide14

Chinese Holidays and Festivals

Week- long national holidays:

  • Chinese New Year(Spring Festival) January
  • Labour Day May 1st
  • National Day October 1st

Festivals:

  • Founding of the CCP 1st July
  • Army Day 1st August
  • Lantern Festival February
  • Dragon Boat Festival June
  • Double Ninth Festival October
slide15

Cultural Heritage

Under the State Administration for Cultural Heritage (SACH)

  • The Badaling Great Wall has received 120 million tourists since 1979
  • 28 sites listed as UNESCO World Heritage sites
  • Architectural ruins
  • “Red” travel spots: eg. Jingang Mountains, Yan’an (Shaanxi Province)
  • China has 870 forest parks covering 7.5 million hectares in 31 provinces: eco-tourism eg Stone Forest Tourist Park
  • Ethnic Minority Cultures: ie Yunnan Province is home to over 20 of the 55 minority nationalities
slide16
1987 Mount Taishan

1987 The Great Wall

1987 Ming & Qing Imperial

Palace

1987 Mogao Grottoes

1987 Terracotta Warriors

1987 Peking Man Site

1990 Mount Huangshan

1992 Jiuzhaigou Valley

1992 Huanglong Area

1992 Wulingyuan Area

1994 Mountain Resort

1994 The Potala Palace

Confucius’ Temple &

Mansion

Wudang Ancient Buildings

1996 Lushan National Park

1996 Leshan Giant Buddha

1997 Ancient City of Pingyao

1997 Gardens of Suzhou

1997 Lijiang Old Town

1998 The Summer Palace

1998 The Temple of Heaven

1999 Mount Wuyi

1999 Dazu Rock Carvings

Dujiangyan Irrigation

System

2000 Xidi & Honcun, Anhui

2000 Longmen Grottoes

Imperial Tombs of Ming &

Qing

World Heritage Sites

slide17

Museums

  • Beijing is to invest US$850 million in constructing, expanding and renovating a number of museums and memorial halls, increasing the number of its museums from 118 to 130 by 2008.
  • Museums in Beijing have on average 200 year-round exhibitions, and 30 million annual visitors.
  • The Municipal Government aims to incorporate cutting-edge technologies into new facilities
  • Major projects announced in April 2003 will include:
  • 1) construction of Capital Museum, the National Museum and the National Art Museum;
  • 2) expansion of Beijing Astronomical Observatory, National Agricultural Museum and China Geological Museum.
slide18

Leisure & Entertainment

  • Approx. 2000 Amusement Parks: 85% losing money

eg Beijing’s Ethnic Minority Culture Park

  • Recent Western influx: Disney Hong Kong & Universal Shanghai
  • China has approximately 200 manufacturers of entertainment facilities
  • Safety issues: State Quality and Technical Supervision Administration regulations
  • Cities: Shanghai’s Ferris Wheel project
  • Retail, restaurant, cinema and bowling facilities
slide19

Opportunities for UK Companies:

  • Demand for expertise in leisure management
  • Professionalisation of leisure providers
  • Construction of international standard leisure facilities
  • Opportunities for designers, urban planners and developers
  • Catering for increasing numbers of Chinese tourists
  • Assisting regional governments and companies with market development: sectoral, geographical and demographical
  • Regional Promotion: marketing & advertising
  • Resort & Retail Park development
  • Museums: design and management expertise & academic exchange
  • Education & Training: e.g. Tourism Management & English
slide20

Events

China International Tourism Fair

The International Scenic Spot & Resort Exhibition

Dalian International Recreational Facilities & Amusements Expo

Conservation of Ancient Sites on the Silk Road – Second

International Conference on the Conservation of Grotto Sites

China Sporting Goods Show

slide21

UK Organisations

China Britain Business CouncilBritish Embassy & Consulates in ChinaBritish Chambers of Commerce ChinaUK Trade & Investment: Leisure & Tourism Unit Sports & Leisure InfrastructureThe British CouncilBritish Construction & Consultants Bureau

cbbc who are we who do we help
CBBC - Who are we? Who do we help?
  • A business-led partnership between government and industry
  • Trade Partners UK’s chosen partner for China
  • Nearly 50 years’ experience in China
  • Membership organisation – over 370 corporate and individual members
  • Aim to help any UK company with the China market - all industry sectors, SMEs to multinationals; new to the market or well-established
  • Network of offices: 3 in the UK, 6 in China
slide23

The People’s Republic of China (PRC)

HEILONGJIANG

XINJIANG

JILIN

GANSU

NEI MENGU

(INNER MONGOLIA)

LIAONING

Beijing

TIANJIN

NINGXIA

QINGHAI

HEBEI

SHANXI

SHANDONG

XIZANG

(TIBET)

Qingdao

SHAANXI

HENAN

JIANGSU

Chengdu

HUBEI

Shanghai

ANHUI

SHANGHAI

SICHUAN

CHONGQING

Wuhan

ZHEJIANG

JIANGXI

HUNAN

GUIZHOU

FUJIAN

YUNNAN

GUANGXI

GUANGDONG

TAIWAN

GUANGZHOU

Shenzhen

HONG KONG

HAINAN

slide24

CBBC: How can we help?

  • Assessing the market …
    • Advice on the market
    • Information via our China Information Centre, email updates, regular briefings and the monthly China-Britain Trade Review
    • Customised market research
cbbc how can we help
CBBC: How can we help?
  • Entering the market …
    • Trade missions, seminars, exhibitions
    • Individually organised visits to China
    • Bilingual China based staff to carry out research, source partners and arrange business meetings
    • Launchpad Scheme - enabling you to have a member of staff in China dedicated to your business without all the bureaucracy and expense of setting up your own office
cbbc how can we help26
CBBC: How can we help?
  • Maintaining a successful strategy …
    • The opportunity to meet senior Chinese government leaders and delegations visiting the UK
    • Lobbying for British business interests in China with the British and Chinese governments
    • Members’ workshops and networking opportunities with China experts
    • Activities in the UK and China for specific industry sectors
slide27

Other Resources:

www.cnta.com

www.world-tourism.org

www.sach.gov.cn

www.ccnt.gov.cn

www.english.ctrip.com

www.et-china.com

www.tibetinfor.com

slide29

China-Britain Business Council

Tel: 020 7828 5176

Fax: 020 7630 5780

Website: www.cbbc.org