Colonial Square Apartments Chelsey Nelson Chad Clower Colonial Style Architecture
Completed in 1913, the dorms were the first example of Maryland Style Colonial Architecture in southern Minnesota.
History of Colonial Architecture Colonial Architecture is an off-shot of the Cape Cod style of architecture. “Real” Colonial style can only be found in the 13 colonies. There are two varieties of Colonial Architecture. • Georgian • Colonial
Georgian style was transported directly from England. It only had slight differences from the English Style.
Colonial Style is completely distinct from the Georgian and English style. It evolved only in America. It is less complex than the Georgian Style and is thought to be less “glamorous”.
Forms of Colonial Architecture There are four forms. The second is mainly in New York with some examples found in Long Island and Northern New Jersey. The first is found primarily in New England. The third originated in Pennsylvania, Delaware, and New Jersey. The last is in rare existence found only in Maryland, Virginia, and the Carolinas.
Features • Rectangular • Symmetrical • Protruding Entry with Columns • Gabled Roof • Chimney at Each End • Sometimes Seen Only at One End
Features Cont. • Clapboard Siding • Double-Hung Windows • Shutters • Small Equally Sized Window Panes • Central door way • Two windows on either side • Five windows across second floor
Construction • Post and Beam Construction • Small Windows • Conserve Heat • Central or Offset Chimney • Steep Thatch Roof • Lowered with Use of Shingles • Frame of Vertical Posts Every Six Feet • Horizontal Mortared to Ends to Form Rooms • Dirt Floors • Wood Floors • White Limestone Walls
Floor Plan • The first Colonial houses were merely one room deep and two stories. • Occasionally single story “hall parlors.” • Added space in 1700’s to make 1 ½ room deep Saltbox home. • Had unique sloping rear roof line.
Late 1700’s evolved to four-over-four houses. Central hall with stairs Kitchen behind Dining room Living Room 2 rooms deep Dining Room opposite living room
Bedrooms Upstairs • Bathrooms Upstairs
Features of Maryland Style • Maryland houses used brick construction • More protection from the elements • Produced architecture second only to Virginia • Wealth from tobacco fields • Few examples left in Maryland • Chose more elegant style as wealth increased
Colonial Square Apartments: Front View • Grand Central Chimney • Brick Construction • Eave Pattern • Perched Windows • Original Peaked Roof
Colonial Square Apartments: Side View • Brick Construction • Peaked Roof • Three Window Pattern
Perched Windows • Brick Construction • Intricate Columns Colonial Square Apartments: Back View • Peaked Roof • Eave Pattern