Internet in Belarus: Some Facts. Mikhail Doroshevich http://www.e-belarus.org. 1. Penetration 2. Infrastructure 3. Cost main internet services 4. Internet Users 5. Domain .BY 6. E-Government 7. Content 8. Political parties 9. NGO 10. Conclusions. Internet in Belarus: Some Facts.
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36 providers: 18 xDSL, 31 dial-up, 2 cable services
Cost main internet services:
Dial-up 20 hours per week 7.4 USD
Dial-up 30 hours per week 15 USD
Dial-up 40 hours per week 20 USD
Unmetered access 60 USD/mo
ADSL (500 MB traffic) 26 USD/mo
ADSL/IDSL (600 MB traffic) 50 USD/mo
ADSL (1 GB traffic) 100 USD/mo
Broadband (1 GB traffic) 50 USD/mo
60% - Minsk, 20% - regional cities
only 74 (8,2 percent) of 903 analyzed national, regional and district government bodies are represented online.
At the same time 73,2 percent of national government institutions (41 from 56), 11 percent of regional (8 from 72) and 3 percent of district (25 from 775) government bodies have their websites.
Among the 74 reviewed web-sites 41 (55,4percent) represent national, 8 (10 percent) – regional and 25 (33,8 percent) –district governing bodies.
22 percent of all websites are not updated.Internet in Belarus: Some Facts
Search Engines: TUT.BY, all.by
Rating systems: Akavita.BY, all.by
Catalogues: all.by, catalog.tut.by, akavita
News Portal: http://www.news.by
199 parliamentary candidates
(49,8% of 400 registered by October 4, 2004) had their web-sites or web-pages.
Politparty site Number of candidates presented
Web-Sites, specially to elections 5
5+ site 116
Belarusian Parliament 61
United Civil Party Web-site 8
Lev Sapega Foundation branch 8
NGOs as well as political parties seem to lag behind the official structures in using the Internet: the NGOs are almost three times less likely to rely on the Internet.
The major reason behind this relatively limited Internet activities by the CSOs seems: besides the lack of resources, also a lower awareness of the Internet’s potential, and, perhaps as a result of it, endemic “online-practices illiteracy”, despite clear benefits that the Internet can offer