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How to Improve Study Habits and Get Better Grades. & Exam-Taking Tips. This only works if you “DO IT” Overview:. Why Study? Maintaining Motivation. Being Organized. In Class. Before/After Class. But, I have lousy memory! Exam-Taking Tips. Why Study?. The Future

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this only works if you do it overview
This only works if you “DO IT”Overview:
  • Why Study?
  • Maintaining Motivation.
  • Being Organized.
  • In Class.
  • Before/After Class.
  • But, I have lousy memory!
  • Exam-Taking Tips
why study
Why Study?
  • The Future
    • plan to become a hermit?
  • Jobs
  • Self-Respect
  • Grades
maintaining motivation
Maintaining Motivation
  • Focus on the Goals
  • Study Groups
  • Self-Rewards
  • Creating Routines
    • EXCEPT--no reading the text in bed!!
getting organized
Getting Organized
  • buy the books
  • prepare a timetable--work, sleep, & play
  • set a specific time for studying each course
  • benefits of spaced/distributed practice versus massed practice
  • physical activity as part of routine
in class
In Class
  • 80% of success in life is “showing up”
  • Confused???
    • Ask--10 other people will thank you
  • Asking Questions
  • Taking Notes
    • record concepts and key terms
      • not verbatim notes--LISTEN to Learn
before after class
Before/After Class
  • Read the text--systematically & actively
    • including the headings, tables, focus issues
  • Take notes--avoid the highlighter
  • Review your lecture notes
  • Check for the overlap between text notes and lecture notes--hint, hint, hint
  • Read the text--again.
memory tips
Memory Tips
  • Encoding
    • understand first, then easier to remember
    • focus--reduce distractions
    • ask questions (either your own, or from Study Guide)
    • use mnemonic devices
    • chunking
    • use different encoding techniques
      • self-referencing
aids for improving retrieval
Aids for Improving Retrieval
  • Number your points
  • Visualize the material
  • Use other information to jog retrieval
  • Free-associate
  • Link to the things you do know
  • State-Dependent Learning
  • Use a system, e.g.: SQ3R
exam taking tips in part based on pfeifer ogloff 1991
Exam-Taking TipsIn part based on: Pfeifer & Ogloff, 1991)
  • Study/Come with the tools needed.
  • Have a strategy.
    • look at the weight of the different sections--apportion time appropriately.
    • read any essay questions early, the rest of the test might have retrieval cues.
    • Don’t Rush--you will usually be given ample time to complete an exam.
recall questions
Recall Questions
  • Use an OUTLINE to organize your thoughts.
  • Answer the question being asked. ( Read the question carefully, answer all aspects/parts of the question.)
  • Do not provide information not requested. (Do not waste time and space repeating the question or “padding.”)
  • Resist the temptation to “guess.” (Including your confusing material will likely confuse your “marker!”)
  • Keep track of time.
essay style questions do
Essay-Style Questions--DO!
  • Answer the question being asked.
  • Complete all components of the question.
  • Whenever possible, do an outline first!
essay style question marking
Essay-Style Question--Marking
  • Correct Content--All relevant points.
  • Correct use of terms and concepts.
  • Relevant examples.
  • Integration with related content.
  • Clear and concise writing--grammatical!
exam taking tips
Exam-taking Tips
  • Have a plan
    • check that you have all the pages
    • put your name on everything!
    • read all instructions--CAREFULLY
  • Plan your time (allocate by value of questions).