Borderline Personality Disorder. Borderline Personality Disorder : As Defined by DSM-IV. “… a pervasive pattern of instability of interpersonal relationships, self-image, and affects, and marked impulsivity beginning by early adulthood and present in a variety of contexts.” (p. 650).
“… the processes by which individuals influence which emotions they have, when they have them, and how they experience and express these emotions.”
(Gross, 1998, p. 275)
1.Decrease (or increase) physiological
arousal associated with emotion
2. Re-orient attention
3. Inhibit mood-dependent action
4. Organize behavior in the service of
external, non-mood dependent
or escape the
But…Rebound Effect (Wegner, 1994)
Repeated avoidance or escape confirms that the emotion is
Unbearable and allows no opportunity for new learning
These attempts to avoid create a vicious circle.
THE “SOLUTION” IS THE PROBLEM, NOT THE EMOTION ITSELF.