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Mode 4 Through a Canadian Immigration Policy Lens. Paul Henry Citizenship & Immigration Canada Joint WTO-World Bank Symposium on Movement of Natural Persons (Mode 4) Under the GATS April 2002. Overview. Introduction Policy Contexts Intersect

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Mode 4

Through a Canadian

Immigration Policy Lens

Paul Henry

Citizenship & Immigration Canada

Joint WTO-World Bank Symposium on

Movement of Natural Persons (Mode 4) Under the GATS

April 2002


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Overview

  • Introduction

  • Policy Contexts Intersect

  • Role of Immigration & Labour Policy Officials

  • Immigration Perspective

  • Answers to WTO Secretariat Questions


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Introduction

Objectives:

  • Better understanding of policy contexts : trade, immigration & labour market

  • Avoid zero-sum game/adversarial relationships

  • Find common interests & ways to increase mode 4 liberalization

  • Complementary results serving various interests (trade, immigration, labour market, developing countries, business)


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Mode 4 Issues

Policy Contexts Intersect

Immigration

Trade

Labour


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Immigration & Labour Policy Officials

Role in Mode 4 Discussions

  • Important partners

  • Provide better appreciation of mode 4 issues:

    • Assess commitments

    • Explain ineffective commitments

    • Decipher national regimes on temporary entry

    • Clarify problems cited by business

  • Help make progress


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Immigration Policy Context

CIC Business Lines

  • Maximizing benefits of international migration

    • Selection of economic immigrants

    • Family reunification

    • Admission of visitors (tourists, foreign students & temporary workers)

  • Upholding Canada's humanitarian tradition (refugee determination)

  • Promoting integration of newcomers (settlement)

  • Managing access to Canada (enforcement)


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Immigration Policy

  • Inward focus

  • Security & enforcement priorities

  • Skilled workers for economic viability

  • Domestic catalysts open rules

  • International trade perspective is low

Trade Policy

  • Inward/outward focus

  • Mode 4 issues

  • Globalization liberalization

  • Trade agenda pushing on immigration doors

Immigration & Trade Policy Contexts

Snapshots


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CIC Views on International Trade Agreements

  • Support for Canada’s international trade agenda

  • Concerns:

  • Special rules in trade agreements

  • Lack of transparency of commitments

  • Preference for general provisions & policy flexibility

  • Willingness to bind for benefit


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WTO Secretariat’s Questions

Brief Answers

  • Changes to facilitate mode 4

  • Problems & solutions

  • Contribution of GATS members


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Main Points

  • Trade, immigration & labour officials are partners not adversaries

  • Immigration/labour officials provide insight & progress on mode 4 issues

  • Trade officials should involve immigration/labour officials as much as possible


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Main Points

  • Objective is more effective commitments:

  • Facilitating temporary entry

  • Avoiding increased burden for immigration officials & business people

  • Covering more categories of business people

  • Reducing/eliminating labour market tests/work permits

  • Clearer information for business travelers on application processes & requirements