Maladaptation and vulnerability in the solomon islands
1 / 32

Maladaptation and Vulnerability in the Solomon Islands - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Maladaptation and Vulnerability in the Solomon Islands. Ioan Fazey School of Geography and Geosciences Maladaptation and Vulnerability. ‘ Maladaptation ’ e.g. when responses: Increase greenhouse gases Disproportionately burden the most vulnerable

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Maladaptation and Vulnerability in the Solomon Islands' - Renfred

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Maladaptation and vulnerability in the solomon islands l.jpg

Maladaptation and Vulnerability in the Solomon Islands

Ioan Fazey

School of Geography and Geosciences

Slide2 l.jpg

Maladaptation and Vulnerability

  • ‘Maladaptation’ e.g. when responses:

    • Increase greenhouse gases

    • Disproportionately burden the most vulnerable

      • (Barnett and O’Neill 2010)

  • But also when responses increase vulnerability to future change:

    • Don’t reduce/reinforce drivers of change;

    • Reduce future opportunities for responses;

    • Reduce ability to take-up response options.

      • (Fazey et al 2010. Frontiers in Ecology and the Environment)

Outline l.jpg
Outline or create new ones…

Aim: To understand human responses to change and how this can increase vulnerability to future (possibly unforeseen) change

  • Context

  • Methods

  • Results/Discussion

1 context l.jpg
1. Context or create new ones…

Slide6 l.jpg

  • Solomon Islands or create new ones…

  • Cultural diversity

  • 90% customary land ownership

  • Economic isolation

  • Aid dependency

  • Vulnerable to?

  • Climate change

  • Global economic change

  • Conflict

Slide8 l.jpg

Why Kahua? or create new ones…

  • ‘Bounded’ system

  • Traditionally subsistence affluent

  • Moving to monetary economy

Research in kahua l.jpg

I. Latham 2007 Livelihoods or create new ones…

Research in Kahua

L. Burton 2008 Education (Oxford)

J. Kenter 2009 Valuing Ecosystem Services

D. Schuett 2010

Bridging Organisations

T. Davies 2010+ Poverty and Ecosystems

Human-environment interactions


Students from UK

Social learning l.jpg
Social Learning or create new ones…

  • Participatory research increases robustness of results

  • Contributes to social learning

    (Fazey et al. In Press. Global Environmental Change)

  • Sometimes profound outcomes

Kenter et al. Under Review

Key questions from work in 2007 08 l.jpg
Key Questions from work in 2007/08 or create new ones…

What is changing?

What are the key drivers of change?

How does this influence long term vulnerability to future change?

2 methods l.jpg
2. Methods or create new ones…

Perceptions and drivers of change l.jpg
Perceptions and drivers of change or create new ones…

  • 12 local RAs trained in basic research & facilitation;

  • 38 communities, 76 detailed focus groups, 24% Kahua people directly involved in focus groups. All households surveyed;

  • Large participatory workshops, including understanding links between aspects of change;

  • Development of conceptual models of feedback in social-ecological system

3 results discussion l.jpg
3. Results/Discussion or create new ones…

1 what is changing l.jpg
1. What is changing? or create new ones…

Slide16 l.jpg

Environmental change or create new ones…

Garonna et al 2009. Environmental Conservation

36: 253-260

Population and income opportunities l.jpg
Population and income opportunities or create new ones…

4500 people in 2007

3.52% growth, doubles every 20 years

Income opportunities

Items of change l.jpg
Items of change or create new ones…

  • 1826 statements, 224 separate items

  • Most statements about same key items

    • 32 most frequently identified items are 53.9% of all 1826 statements

  • High consistency in direction of change

  • Most changes perceived to be undesirable

Types of change l.jpg
Types of change or create new ones…

48 broad categories, top nine are 69.1% of all 1826 statements

Same types ranked top in different regions

Less frequent items (e.g. gambling, reduced law and order) differ between regions

Drivers of change l.jpg

Link identified by 3 groups or create new ones…

Link identified by 4 groups

Link identified by 5 groups

Link identified by 6 groups

Drivers of change

Slide23 l.jpg

System Feedbacks 1 or create new ones…

Slide24 l.jpg

System Feedbacks 2 or create new ones…

Slide25 l.jpg

System Feedbacks 2 & 3 or create new ones…

System feedbacks l.jpg
System Feedbacks or create new ones…

Most external influences are enabling income generation

Desire for prosperity, cash crops, income

Population growth, stress and cash crops

Key opportunity: the Kahua Association

Social cohesion,

individualism and ability to address problems

Variable influences of increasing income

Drivers key findings l.jpg
Drivers: Key findings or create new ones…

Population growth and desire for prosperity are two key drivers of change

Key factors are increasing access to markets

Responses to change reinforce problems

Little option other than to continue to follow existing path?

What happens on other islands l.jpg
What happens on other islands? change?

  • In Bellona

    • no environmental change

    • people migrate to capita & send money

    • No change in Number people & per capita impact

  • Can’t migrate from Kahua – instead use local resources (timber, land) to make money and buy food.

Value of food gardens vs cash crops l.jpg
Value of food gardens vs cash crops change?

Valuing ecosystem services

People willing to pay very high sums to maintain services

Gardens worth SBD$13,149 p.a. (US $877)

Cocoa production similar value, but imported food is expensive

So cash crops don’t fully compensate for loss food gardens

Kenter et al. Under Review

Trajectory of vulnerability l.jpg
Trajectory of Vulnerability change?

  • Result of current responses:

    • No decrease in key endogenous drivers

    • Increasing per capita impact on environment/resources;

    • Some increase in money (but not enough to replace subsistence food);

    • Increasing conflict, loss social cohesion;

    • Decreasing capacity to govern environmental resources;

    • Becoming locked in to high costs fossil fuel dependency;

  • Vulnerability to future global change (economic and climate) is increasing

  • Potentially reinforced by aid/development

Wider implications l.jpg
Wider Implications change?

‘Snapshot’ of vulnerability;

Context of vulnerability is not static;

Responses/adaptations can increase vulnerability;

Solomon Islands highlights how much of human behaviour is about displacing environmental impact;

Key question: How can we link understanding from historical case studies & contemporary case studies to better inform adaptive strategies?