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Feudal Society Political Structure WHY WAS FEUDALISM NECESSARY? Who’s got the Power? Power based on owning land Charles Martel started giving soldiers fiefs (land) as rewards for service Soldiers got money from fiefs to buy equipment and horses for battle.

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Presentation Transcript
who s got the power
Who’s got the Power?
  • Power based on owning land
  • Charles Martel started giving soldiers fiefs (land) as rewards for service
  • Soldiers got money from fiefs to buy equipment and horses for battle.
  • Due to this, ownership became tied to military service.
charlemagne
Charlemagne
  • Stands out during Middle Ages.
  • Tries to bring back Roman Ideals.
  • Ruled the Franks, who were becoming a powerful group of people.

Who’s Your Daddy?

europe after charlemagne
Europe after Charlemagne
  • No central government at this time.
  • Kings weak; Nobles gained power.
  • Nobles soon began to give land to peasants by promising to protect them for their loyalty.
  • By 1000 AD, W. Europe divided into thousands of feudal territories.
  • Peasants had no voice in government; Nobles controlled land AND people.
relationship between lords and vassals
Relationship Between Lords and Vassals
  • Rigid class structure based on loyalty and service.
  • Nobles consisted of lords and vassals – all reported to King.
  • Fiefs given to vassals by lords.
  • Lords gave vassals right to govern people living on fief and promised to protect them from attacks.
what is a knight
What is a Knight?
  • Almost all nobles were knights.
  • Training began at age 7, as a paige, under guidance of lady of the manor.
  • Became squires at 15 and were trained by other knights.
  • Those deemed worthy were “dubbed” knights.
what about the females
What about the females?
  • Noblewomen called Ladies.
  • Most marriages arranged.
  • Women responsible for the house and children.
workers on the manor
Workers on the Manor
  • 2 groups of peasant workers on manor
    • Freemen- skilled workers; paid rent and could leave manor when they wished. (Usually had skill needed on the manor.)
    • Serfs – workers bound to land by contract with the nobles. (Had no freedom - noble’s property.)
angles saxons and magyars oh my
Angles, Saxons, and Magyars, Oh My!!
  • Angles and Saxons (from England)
  • Vikings (from N. Europe)
  • Magyars (from Hungary/Central Asia)
  • Their attacks made the fiefs have to defend themselves.
castles
Castles
  • Built in response to the constant invasions.
  • Best defense tactic for trying to invade castle, wait it out until people inside starve to death.
  • In the long-run, they helped to strengthen the feudal system.
review
REVIEW

Let’s see how much you remember!

  • Everyone owed loyalty to the ________
  • _______ were really the most powerful. They got _______ from the king.
  • Lesser nobles (knights) gave _________ _________ in return for land
  • _______ were bound to the land. They worked in return for ____________.
  • __________ were skilled workers. They paid rent to the ______ and were free to move if they wanted to.
check your answers
Check Your Answers
  • Everyone owed loyalty to the king.
  • Nobles were really the most powerful. They got land from the king.
  • Lesser nobles (knights) gave militaryservice in return for land.
  • Serfs were bound to the land. They worked in return for protection.
  • Freemen were skilled workers. They paid rent to the nobles and were free to move if they wanted to.
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THE END

HISTORY

NOTES