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Designing Effective Homework PowerPoint Presentation
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Designing Effective Homework

Designing Effective Homework

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Designing Effective Homework

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  1. Designing Effective Homework Presenter: Debra Pickering

  2. The Homework Ate My FamilyKIDS ARE DAZED,PARENTS ARE STRESSEDBY ROMESH RATNESAR

  3. The Case For and Against Homework Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns Topics for Recommendations

  4. On a day to day basis, how much time should students spend on homework? • What is the role of parents when their children are working on homework? What should parents do if their children cannot complete the homework on their own? • What do you consider to be the major purpose(s) of homework? • What makes homework effective? What makes homework ineffective? • How did homework impact you as a learner?

  5. The Case For and Against Homework

  6. Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns

  7. stophomework.com

  8. Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns "Missing Out on Their Childhoods" "The Creation of the Homework Potato" "So Much Work, So Little Time"

  9. Headlines Teachers mull ending homework for pupils After years of teachers piling it on, there's a new movement to ... Abolish homework (San Francisco Chronicle, October 8, 2006) Other countries do better with less homework

  10. Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns In The Case Against Homework (2006), there is page after page of heart-wrenching testimonials, such as: “I had to quit ballet and I don’t get enough sleep and I don’t have time to read,” says Caroline, a fifth grader in a Memphis public school who does seventy to eighty minutes of homework each night.” “My first grader would love to participate in our family’s ‘Game Night’ with her grandparents, but often can’t because of homework…’ NO TIME TO SOCIALIZE Children fourteen and under spend an average of only twenty-five minutes each weekday socializing with family and friends outside of school, according to a 2004 study conducted at the University of Michigan’s Institute for Social Research.

  11. Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns THE STUDY “Changing Time for American Youth, 1981-2003 (Juster, Ono, and Stafford, November, 2004). Studying 49 minutes Playing 45 minutes Computer activities 25 minutes Watching TV 111 minutes “Skyrocketing” Today Show 6-8 year olds went from 8 minutes a day spent “studying” to 29 minutes a day in 2003. That same group spent an average of 103 minutes a day watching TV and engaging in other passive activities; and, another 74 minutes per day playing.

  12. Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns From Kohn: “Most attentive parents can testify that their children are chronically frustrated by homework—weepy, stressed out, and fed up… But only an individual squirreled away in the proverbial ivory towercould deny—and only someone bereft of human feelings could minimize the importance of—the fact that an awful lot of homework is emotionally trying for an awful lot of children”. (emphasis added) There is no mention of the data Kohn knows well that in a national poll of parents, Percent Beliefs about homework 64% About right 25% Too little 10% Too much (as reported in Loveless, 2003)

  13. Misrepresentations and Valid Concerns Are there valid concerns?

  14. Topics • Purpose • Feedback • Time • Parent Involvement • Accountability

  15. Time

  16. Homework Assignments Issue: Time A B Learning Goal: Increase competency when multiplying 3 digits time 3 digits. Assignment: Do all of the even numbered problems on page 100-101. Bring your work to class with you tomorrow morning. Practice this skill tonight by using the problems on page 100-101. Do as many as you can accurately in 15 minutes tonight. Bring with you those you were able to do in the 15 minutes. What are the pro’s and con’s of each approach?

  17. Harris Cooper: 10 minutes x grade level?????? From: “The Case for and Against Homework, Marzano and Pickering, Educational Leadership …within their analysis of homework versus no homework studies Cooper, Robinson, and Patall found studies at grades 2, 3, and 4 demonstrating positive effects for homework

  18. Harris Cooper: 10 minutes x grade level?????? From: “The Case for and Against Homework, Marzano and Pickering, Educational Leadership The Cooper (1989a) synthesis reported that for secondary students the benefit of homework continued up to 1 to 2 hours per night. After that the benefits decreased. Similar findings were reported in the Cooper, Robinson, and Patall (2006) study. Specifically, the authors reported that 7 to 12 hours (per week) produced the largest effect size. After that the benefits decreased. They suggest that for 12th graders the optimum amount of homework might lie between 1.5 and 2.5 hours per night but caution that no hard and fast rules are warranted.

  19. Issues and Recommendations • Time • Key points: • Time constraints should be identified when assigning homework. • If students cannot complete the assigned work within the time constraints, they should have the opportunity to complete the work in class.

  20. Necessary—sometimes difficult---conversations When homework is assigned, to what extent am I/are we confident that students are spending an appropriate amount of time? How could we monitor this?

  21. Purpose

  22. Homework Policies Issue: Purpose A B You can expect homework each evening, Monday through Thursday. It is your responsibility to complete the assignments to be prepared for class the next day. There often is just not enough time in class for each of you to study and practice what you are learning. When it seems that there is a clear need for further individual work beyond what we do in class, you will have homework. For some learning goals, frequent homework might be assigned; for others, there might be no need for homework. When there is homework, it is your responsibility to complete the work and be prepared for class the next day. Pros and Cons?

  23. Issues and Recommendations • Purpose • Avoid assigning homework simply as a matter of routine. • Students need to understand the purpose of the homework. • The purpose of homework should be to enhance the learning of essential learning goals. • Homework assignments should be appropriate for the learning goals that are being addressed. “Expert teachers…do not report rigidly adhering to regular homework schedules so much as flexible use of what they view as a means for furthering collectively defined curricular goals. …[they] see policies requiring rigid homework schedules as undermining their ultimate curricular goals…” (as reported in “Homework is a Complicated Thing”, Lyn Corno)

  24. Issues and Recommendations • Purpose • Avoid assigning homework simply as a matter of routine. • Students need to understand the purpose of the homework. • The purpose of homework should be to enhance the learning of essential learning goals. • Homework assignments should be appropriate for the learning goals that are being addressed.

  25. Clear Learning Goals? Examples (adaptations) from The Case Against Homework: • Read Chapter 5 and • identify who said the following quotes • find these vocabulary works, circle them, write a definition • make a timeline of events Read pages 62-66 in your textbook, and answer the questions at the end. Read chapters 6-10 in To Kill a Mockingbird. On a 12 x 12 piece of plywood, nail one-hundred nails (size shown in diagram) at precise intervals at the same depth. Take six difference colors of embroidery thread and weave it between the nails in geometric pattern. Circle all the words on this page that begin with the letter A. Then write them out Solve the fifty math problems on page 100.

  26. United States map in 2056  • *Label the states (write them out) • *Write down the population of each of the 50 states for the year 2056 (projection) • 3. *Write the title " United States Population Map in 2056". • 4. Make a key of the following categories20,000,000 or more15,000,000-19,999,99910,000,000-14,999,9995,000,000-9,999,999Less than 5,000,000 • 5. Color the map • ***Use black or blue pen to label***

  27. Assignment Notebook Assignment: Due: Learning Goal: As a result of doing this assignment, I should Know more about…? Understand better…? Be more skilled at…?

  28. Issues and Recommendations • Purpose • Avoid assigning homework simply as a matter of routine. • Students need to understand the purpose of the homework. • The purpose of homework should be to enhance the learning of essential learning goals. • Homework assignments should be appropriate for the learning goals that are being addressed.

  29. Necessary—sometimes difficult---conversations What is the learning goal? Given the learning goal, is this assignment the right one? Is this worth the time? Are there aspects of the assignment that require knowledge/materials not available to all students?

  30. Mission Project The Alamoc

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  32. Learning Goal: Understand the concept of a mole in chemistry--6.02 x 10 ^23– Avogadro’s number

  33. My students at xxxx High School are required to create a Mole Day project. The projects are graded based on creativity and originality. I have seen many excellent ideas every year and hear about many others through the letters which I receive. Here are some project  ideas that I have seen or used in the past.  The students are told about the project at the beginning of the school year.  They have about three weeks to decide what they are going to do.  By the middle of September that have to confirm in writing to me what their project is going to be.  They are allowed to work in groups of up to four students if they want.  Project are due one week before Mole Week starts (usually the week that we have parent conferences) so that I have time to grade them, take pictures,  and place them strategically around the school building (glass display cases, windows of the school store, on walls in main hallways, etc.)    

  34. Learning Goal: Understand the concept of a mole in chemistry--6.02 x 10 ^23– Avogadro’s number Assignment Make a mole from the pattern your are given. Create an environment/costume for the mole that plays on the word “mole.”

  35. Finding Nemole

  36. Moliver Twist

  37. Molesen Twins

  38. Mole-hammad Ali