is there gold in them thar crossbreeding hills l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Is There Gold in Them Thar Crossbreeding Hills? PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Is There Gold in Them Thar Crossbreeding Hills?

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 31

Is There Gold in Them Thar Crossbreeding Hills? - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 277 Views
  • Uploaded on

Is There Gold in Them Thar Crossbreeding Hills?. Darrh Bullock University of Kentucky. Simple Economics. Income Cost Profit = Income - Cost. Income. Weight Price Income = Weight * Price. Costs. Overhead Development Maintenance Production. Economic Considerations. Cow/Calf Producer

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Is There Gold in Them Thar Crossbreeding Hills?' - Philip


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
is there gold in them thar crossbreeding hills

Is There Gold in Them Thar Crossbreeding Hills?

Darrh Bullock

University of Kentucky

simple economics
Simple Economics
  • Income
  • Cost
  • Profit = Income - Cost
income
Income
  • Weight
  • Price
  • Income = Weight * Price
costs
Costs
  • Overhead
  • Development
  • Maintenance
  • Production
economic considerations
Economic Considerations
  • Cow/Calf Producer
    • Calving Ease
    • Weaning Weight
    • Weaning Rate
    • Calf Prices
economic considerations6
Economic Considerations
  • Cow/Calf Producer
    • Longevity/Replacement
    • Cow Maintenance
    • Cull Cow Prices
    • Health Costs
heterosis impact on profitability
Heterosis Impact on Profitability
  • Weaned Weight/Cow Exposed
  • Longevity/Replacement Rate
  • Feedlot Performance
  • Carcass Composition
literature
Literature
  • Lifetime input cost per value unit of weaned calf and cull cow output was reduced 6% by use of crossbred cow and 6% more with crossbred calf (Nunez-Dominguez, 1992)
literature9
Literature
  • Total heterosis for total income was 15% (Lamb and Tess, 1989)
  • Maternal heterosis for net profit was nearly $70/cow/yr (Davis et al., 1994)
crossbreeding calculator
Crossbreeding Calculator

Download this fromhttp://www.nbcec.org/nbcec/bb_IV/xbrd-spreadsh.xls

economics of heterosis
Economics of Heterosis
  • 85% Weaned/Cow Exposed
  • 525 lb Wean Wt.
  • $85/cwt
  • Heterosis*
    • Maternal – 15%
    • Individual – 7%

*Bourdon 2000

longevity calculator
Longevity Calculator

Download this fromhttp://www.nbcec.org/nbcec/bb_IV/long-hetero.xls

economics of heterosis longevity
Economics of HeterosisLongevity
  • Based on results of Nunez-Dominquez et al (1991) using imposed culling policy
  • Replacement Rate
    • Straightbred – 18.1%
    • Crossbred – 15.8%
economics of heterosis longevity21
Economics of HeterosisLongevity
  • Mortality Rate
    • Straightbred – 20%
    • Crossbred – 9%
  • Infertility – varied by age group (Actual Culling Prac)
economics of heterosis longevity22
Economics of HeterosisLongevity
  • 550 lb steer calves @ $85/cwt
  • 500 lb heifer calves @ $75/cwt
  • Weights adjusted for AOD
  • No price slide
  • 1200 lb cows @ $42/cwt (adj)
economics of heterosis longevity23
Economics of HeterosisLongevity
  • Economic differential
    • Fertility differences included
      • $33.45/hd advantage
    • Fertility differences excluded
      • $11.86/hd advantage
economics of heterosis combined
Economics of HeterosisCombined
  • Economic Differential
    • Maximum Heterosis
      • $95.31/hd
    • 50% Heterosis
      • $47.65/hd
price differential
Price Differential
  • Straightbred calves must receive an almost $10/cwt premium to compensate for reduced production compared to minimal crossbreeding systems
economic considerations26
Economic Considerations
  • Feedlot
    • Morbidity (?)
    • Mortality (?)
    • Feed Efficiency (1%)
    • Margins
economic considerations27
Economic Considerations
  • End Product
    • Carcass Weight (4%)
    • Dressing Percent (0%)
    • Yield Grade (1%)
    • Quality Grade (1%)
    • Price Structure
summary
Summary
  • Profitability in feeder calf production is greatly impacted by crossbreeding
  • Primarily due to heterosis
summary29
Summary
  • Benefits in the feedyard and carcass traits are less impacted by heterosis, however, complementarity may play an important role here
thanks
Thanks
  • Kenny Burdine
  • Lee Meyer
  • Steve Isaacs
  • Fred Thrift
questions
Questions

Darrh Bullock

University of Kentucky

dbullock@uky.edu

(859) 257-7514