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International Processes supporting PRS & National Agenda in Mozambique. Presentation to: SARPN Regional Workshop: Poverty Reduction Strategies - Moving from Formulation to Implementation 21/22 November 2006. Background. Post-war: up to 168 on UNDP HDI

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international processes supporting prs national agenda in mozambique

International Processes supporting PRS & National Agenda in Mozambique

Presentation to:

SARPN Regional Workshop:

Poverty Reduction Strategies - Moving from Formulation to Implementation

21/22 November 2006

background
Background
  • Post-war: up to 168 on UNDP HDI
  • Long history of significant donor support: 87% of GNI in 1992
  • 2000: G-6 - Joint Donor Framework MF w GOM
  • 2001: PARPA 1 – basis for alignment
  • 2004: MOU & PAF
  • 2004: 3rd National Elections
  • 2005: Mandate President Guebuza
  • 2005/6: PARPA 2 - 54% to 45% in absolute poverty (2009)
paris rome declarations prsp as key bases
Paris & Rome Declarations, PRSP as key bases
  • PARPA 2: MDG, NEPAD, SADC linked
  • Relationships built up between donors and GOM over a long period of time
  • Political will of vanguard of donors to make positive example; feeling of other donors to join
  • “Symbiotic” relationship GOM//donors
  • Aligned to annual budget process
  • WB inside/outside
general budget support as preferred choice of progressives
General budget support as preferred choice of progressives.
  • GBS approx 30% of total State budget in 2007. Programme Aid Partners will devote US$372M out of total of US$595M
  • MOU underlying principles & PAF, PAP’s PAF (linked to Paris);
  • Joint Review & Mid-Year Review
  • Coordinated ongoing policy dialogue GOM & donor G-18 (>> DPG)
  • SWAPS (Sectoral programmes turning into sectoral budget support) & Area-Based: hedging bets
general move from off to on budget
General move from off- to on-budget.
  • Counteract piecemeal approach of donors
  • Diminish power of individual ministries reinforce centrality of MPD in planning
    • ODAMOZ: >transparency from donors
more ownership lead
More ownership / lead
  • GOM lead: review mechanisms of PARPA planning, performance, thematic technical working groups.
    • PARPA II
    • PAMS
  • Hearings on donor Country Strategic Planning
  • Technical Assistance/Capacity Building
emerging trends internal
Emerging Trends - Internal
  • Towards One Party State
  • Parliament & CS; Admin Tribunal/Judiciary
  • Centralisation vs Decentralisation process
  • Performance vs rhetoric:
    • Capacity issues; based in Maputo
    • Personal interest
    • Culture of accountability/transparency
    • Un-elected officials; elected officials accountable upwards
      • Ex. Zambézia x 2
    • Political/regional bias
mozambican civil society
Mozambican Civil Society
  • Political culture: the party, opposition, external forces
  • Coalitions/Networks
    • Maputo-based CSOs privileged access but links to people?
    • Provincial-based CSOs >links to people but limited access to centre/real influence?
  • PARPA II & Annual Poverty Report
tr caire s role
Trócaire’s Role
  • PRS Project
    • Study, inform & lobby
      • WB/IMF
      • Bilaterals
      • Assist partners in advocacy
  • Mobilising for Justice – holding to account
    • Poverty Analysis & Monitoring Systems Group
      • Communications sub-group
    • Faith-Based Organisations’ PARPA Monitoring
    • Partner Capacity Building & Accompaniment Approach
strengths of mozambican process
Strengths of Mozambican Process
  • Progress, service delivery
  • G-18 > harmonisation/alignment (& coord mechanisms) - PAPS performance
  • > GOM lead
  • > Use of State Budget
  • Planning & budgeting, policy devt, macroeconomic
  • Decentralisation principle
  • Openness to CS participation
weaknesses of mozambican process
Weaknesses of Mozambican Process
  • GOM capacity
  • G-18 limited ability to monitor
  • Major donors still outside
  • Donor internal & political barriers to Paris
  • Lack of clarity about underlying principles: common threshold of tolerance?
  • Limited CS involvement
broad challenges for mozambique
Broad Challenges for Mozambique…
  • PRSP: poverty reduction = national sustainable development?
  • Aid dependency: fashion to change?
  • Donor govt parliaments & need for impact/effectiveness
  • Aid strengthening party, undermining democracy
  • World Bank engagement & commitment
  • Other donors
  • Strategic Communications/M&E
  • Approaches & policy on technical assistance and capacity building.
cs challenges questions
CS Challenges & Questions
  • Overcome political/ideological barriers to local CS involvement: >owned & managed advocacy; long-term, not events
  • Local experience & advocacy mutually linked to national, regional & global advocacy
  • How & when should CS & donors react to Govt. breaches of MOU/non-performance?
  • How & when should CS & Govt. react to donor breaches?